Could a ‘bridge lockdown’ be the answer to Germany’s spiralling Covid cases?

Germany's 16 states and the federal government have been bickering over coronavirus restrictions for weeks. And now there's a talk of a 'bridge lockdown'. Here's the latest.

Could a 'bridge lockdown' be the answer to Germany's spiralling Covid cases?
People walking in Berlin on April 5th. Photo: DPA

Just a week ago, the head of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s CDU called for “freedom and flexibility” so that states could fight the pandemic their own way.

Now Armin Laschet, who is also leader of Germany’s most populous state, North Rhine-Westphalia, is calling for emergency talks in a bid to introduce a nationwide “Brücken-Lockdown” (bridge lockdown).

It’s the latest in a string of confusing communication from authorities.

We’ve seen an Easter lockdown plan put forward, only to be reversed two days later with a dramatic apology from Merkel.

Meanwhile, several states have been ignoring rules set at the last federal-state meeting by keeping parts of public life open despite rising coronavirus infections.

Merkel, Health Minister Jens Spahn as well as state leaders in regions including Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg have continued to push for stricter coronavirus measures.

On Tuesday, Germany’s Robert Koch Institute (RKI) reported 6,885 new Covid-19 infections and 90 new deaths in the last 24 hours.

The actual numbers are likely even higher as the RKI said that generally, fewer tests are carried out and reported over public holidays, such as Easter.

The number of cases per 100,000 residents within a seven day period (7-day incidence) stood at 123. Germany’s aim is to keep this number below 100.

READ ALSO: Germany’s Covid intensive care numbers stay above 4,000

The above chart by Our World in Data gives an idea of how the trend of daily cases in Germany compared to the UK which has had a tougher lockdown.

What’s a bridge lockdown anyway?

On Monday, Laschet proposed a “bridge lockdown” in the fight against the third Covid wave in Germany. 

The idea is to bridge the gap until more people in Germany have been vaccinated. The situation requires “that we step up our game in many areas”, said the CDU leader.

Laschet wants to bring forward the meeting planned with Merkel and the state premiers scheduled for April 12th to the coming days.

North Rhine-Westphalia leader Armin Laschet on Monday. Photo: DPA

Health experts have already said tougher action against Covid is needed due to variants spreading.

Last week high-profile virologist Christian Drosten and doctors called for a lockdown to control the third pandemic wave.

READ ALSO: Is Germany heading for a tougher lockdown?

What’s the reaction?

It’s mixed. On Tuesday, the head of the German Association of Towns and Municipalities, Gerd Landsberg, told broadcaster ZDF he wasn’t convinced by a “bridge lockdown”.

“We don’t even know how long it will take for vaccinations to have the success of reducing infections,” he said, urging states to concentrate on sharpening the measures already agreed on.

Berlin mayor Michael Müller (SPD) said there were still too many unanswered questions.

“A bridge lockdown for a transitional period and then with what measures?” Müller told broadcaster ARD. “And that is to apply until many people have been vaccinated. What does all that mean?”

READ ALSO: How Berlin’s new coronavirus rules affect you

Other states signalled their willingness to hold a meeting, but demanded that a concept be on the table beforehand that everyone was willing to support.

Thuringia’s state premier Bodo Ramelow told Spiegel a meeting could easily be held at short notice. “But there has to be something on the table beforehand that we can really decide on together and, above all, that we can all implement,” the Left party politician stressed.

Hesse leader Volker Bouffier (CDU) said he was prepared to bring forward the crisis talks, but that they would have to take place in person rather than online. “The goal must be an understanding between the states,” he told RND.

Markus Blume, the general secretary of Bavaria’s Christian Social Union (CSU) said Bavaria is only in favour of bringing forward the talks if all federal states are prepared to stay on the same page and tighten coronavirus rules.

Blume told Bild’s online debate that a discussion is useless “if everyone does their own thing again afterwards. That’s why it’s crucial that the states are prepared to take further measures.”

SPD health expert Karl Lauterbach also expressed scepticism: “As long as individual federal states oppose exit restrictions, a new meeting would be of no use,” he told Bild.

Free Democrats’ vice-chairman Wolfgang Kubicki described Laschet’s move as an “act of desperation”.

People would face more restrictions “to cover up the failure of the vaccination strategy of the CDU-led federal government”, he told the newspapers of the Funke Mediengruppe.

Didn’t states agree to clamp down if coronavirus numbers go up?

Yes. But many of them have chosen to ignore this.

Merkel and the 16 state leaders agreed national measures on March 22nd including an “emergency brake” mechanism for regions to follow when the Covid numbers go above 100 infections per 100,000 residents in seven days. But several states have strayed.

Among those sticking to the strict policy are Bavaria leader Markus Söder (CSU) and Baden-Württemberg boss Winfried Kretschmann (Greens).

In a joint letter last week, they called on their colleagues to implement the agreed emergency brake measures in hotspots, including curfews.

Merkel has also called on states to stay in line, even suggesting she could overrule them at the federal level.

READ ALSO: Merkel vs German states: Who really holds the power to fight the pandemic?

Meanwhile, on Tuesday Saarland will start phasing out the shutdown, despite rising infection figures. Much of public life there will be allowed to reopen, including cinemas, theatres, concert halls, gyms and indoor tennis courts, as well as outdoor dining.

Residents need a negative coronavirus antigen test to use these facilities.

“We have to come up with more than just closing and restricting after a year of pandemic,” Saarland’s state premier Tobias Hans (CDU) has said. Merkel described the announcement as “very daring”. On Monday, a 7-day incidence rate of 91.3 was reported for Saarland.

So will an emergency meeting be held?

It may be that Merkel decides to hold the meeting this week instead of on April 12th. But at this stage we don’t know if a nationwide lockdown will be put on the table. States could be encouraged – or ordered – to follow the restrictions already agreed.

Whatever the case, Merkel will be keen to avoid another embarrassing U-turn like the failed Easter weekend lockdown plan.

Member comments

  1. What Germany needs here and now is a single policy government; vaccinate the population as quickly as possible. The current coalition has abjectly failed to manage this. Therefore, how about a vote of no confidence, installing some proper competence ad interim to get the job done and sort out the longer term political future via the general election in September?

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Bavaria signals end to compulsory masks on public transport

Bavaria's state premier Markus Söder (CSU) has announced plans for a "prompt" end to mandatory masks on buses and trains.

Bavaria signals end to compulsory masks on public transport

If infection levels and hospitalisations remain low, the end of the mask-wearing rule could come as soon as December or January.

“We are convinced that the mask requirement in public transport could also be phased out either in mid-December or early next year, if the numbers remain reasonably stable and there are no new mutations,” Söder explained on Monday, following a meeting with the CSU executive committee. 

A decision on when to end the measure would be made “promptly”, he added.

The CSU politician had said last week that the sinking infection rates meant that compulsory masks were no longer appropriate and that the mandate could be changed to a recommendation. 

No set date for change

The latest version of Bavaria’s Infection Protection Act – which lays out an obligation to wear masks on public transport as one of the few remaining Covid rules – is currently due to expire on December 9th.

State ministers could decide whether to let obligatory masks on buses and trains lapse on this date as early as next week, or they could decide to initially extend the legislation and set an alternative date for ending the rule.

Regardless of their decision, FFP2 masks will continue to be mandatory on long-distance public transport until at least April next year, when the nationwide Infection Protection Act is due to expire.

READ ALSO: KEY POINTS: Germany’s new Covid-19 rules from October

Speaking to Süddeutsche Zeitung on Monday after the meeting of the Council of Ministers, Florian Herrmann (CSU), head of the State Chancellery, confirmed that Covid-19 had been discussed in passing.

However, no decisions or discussions were made on how to proceed after the expiry of the regulation, he said.

According to Herrmann, the fact that Covid was no longer the “dominant topic” in the cabinet under “enormous tension” shows “that we are returning to normality” in a gradual transition from pandemic to endemic. 

As of Wednesday, the 7-day incidence of Covid infections per 100,000 people stood at 108 in Bavaria, down from 111 the previous day. However, experts have cast doubt on how meaningful the incidence is in light of the fact that fewer people are taking tests.

Nevertheless, the 133 hospital beds occupied by Covid patients in the Free State falls well below the 600 threshold for a ‘red alert’. With Omicron causing less severe courses of illness than previous variants, politicians have increasingly focussed on hospitalisation statistics to gauge the severity of the situation.

‘A risk-benefit trade-off’

Bavaria is the second federal state to announce plans to relax its mask-wearing rules in recent weeks.

On November 14th, the northern state of Schleswig-Holstein announced that it would be ending obligatory FFP2 masks on public transport and urged other states to do the same. From January 2023, masks on public transport will only be recommended rather than mandated for passengers on local buses and trains. 

However, the Federal Ministry of Health has urged states not to loosen their rules too quickly.

Given that infection rates are likely to spike again in winter, “there’s no basis for loosening restrictions”, said Health Minister Karl Lauterbach (SPD).

Physicians are also split on whether an end to masks on public transport is appropriate.

READ ALSO: Will Germany get rid of masks on public transport?

Health Minister Karl Lauterbach

Health Minister Karl Lauterbach (SPD) speaks at the German Hospital Day in Düsseldorf on November 14th. Lauterbach is against the lifting of the mask-wearing rule. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Roberto Pfeil

Christoph Spinner, a virologist at the University Hospital in Munich, told Süddeutsche Zeitung he believed it was time to put the decision on mask-wearing back into the hands of individuals.

“Why not? The incidences are low, the danger of Covid-19 has dropped significantly and mortality has also decreased,” he said. 

But the Bavarian General Practitioners’ Association spoke out against the move, arguing that – unlike a trip to a restaurant or cinema – people often have no choice but to travel on public transport.

“If the obligation to wear a mask in public transport is maintained, this will help to protect against a Covid infection on the way to work by bus or train – especially in view of the discontinuation of the obligation to isolate in the event of a Covid infection,” they explained.

Bavaria is one of four states to have recently ended mandatory isolation for people who test positive for Covid. Baden-Württemberg and Schleswig-Holstein both scrapped their isolation mandate last week, while Hesse removed its obligation on Tuesday. 

READ ALSO: Four German states call for end to mandatory Covid isolation