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What we know so far about Germany’s autumn Covid rules

Germany's planned Covid-19 rules for autumn and winter have been approved by the cabinet. They include mandatory masks on planes and long-distance trains nationwide. Here's a look at what we know so far.

Health Minister Karl Lauterbach (SPD) and Marco Buschmann (FDP), fist bump at the press conference on Wednesday.
Health Minister Karl Lauterbach (SPD) and Marco Buschmann (FDP), fist bump at the press conference on Wednesday. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Wolfgang Kumm

As well as the FFP2 mask requirement on flights to and from Germany, and on the long-distance train network, the country’s 16 states will also be given the option to introduce tougher rules, under the draft proposals that still need to go through parliament. 

Health Minister Karl Lauterbach (SPD) said the goal was to avoid a high number of Covid deaths, lots of people being off sick from work at the same time and long-term consequences of Covid. 

“With this set of tools, we can deal with the foreseeable corona wave in autumn,” said Lauterbach during the press conference on Wednesday. 

The infection protection laws, which form the legal basis for Covid restrictions, will be in place from October until April next year.

“We have not arrived at the endemic stage; autumn will be difficult,” Lauterbach said.

The Health Minister said he believes states will introduce tougher rules such as extra mask-wearing requirements.

“I personally expect that we will have difficulties in October,” he said. He warned of “excessive demands” in the health system due to rising Covid infection numbers.

His colleague Justice Minister Marco Bushman (FDP) warned against pandemic fatigue.

“There is a feeling at the moment of: can’t all this be over?” the minister said. “But the virus is just not gone yet.”

Passengers enter the U-Bahn train in Stuttgart

Passengers enter the U-Bahn train in Stuttgart. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Bernd Weißbrod

Bushman said the plans are “a good, moderate and measured approach”.

The draft, which was approved by the cabinet will now go to the Bundestag, where it could be passed on September 8th. The Bundesrat must then also give its approval.

READ ALSO: Masks and no lockdowns: Germany’s new Covid plan from autumn to Easter

Here are a few points to be aware of:

Masks mandatory in some places

According to the draft, wearing an FFP2 mask on long-distance trains and planes will be mandatory nationwide starting from October 1st until April 2023. People between the ages of six and 14 can continue to wear medical masks. Meanwhile, mandatory testing and masks will apply throughout Germany for access to hospitals and care facilities. It will also apply to employees in care services.

Germany’s states will be able to impose further restrictions depending on the level of infection. These include mandatory masks on public transport and in other publicly accessible indoor areas.

Exceptions to mandatory masks

Under the proposals, there can be exceptions to the mask requirement if a negative test is shown when attending cultural, recreational or sporting events, as well as restaurants and similar venues. 

Exceptions to wearing a mask could also be implemented for recently vaccinated or recovered people, Buschmann said. 

However, states are not required to have this exception, according to the draft plans. In the negotiations, this measure was changed to an “optional” provision.

Bavaria’s health minister Klaus Holetschek (CSU) welcomed this change. “Above all, I welcome the fact that the three-month rule as an exception for vaccinated and recovered people from the mask requirement no longer has to be applied in a mandatory way,” Holetschek said.

“Anything else would have only confused citizens and created chaos.”

An FFP2 mask lies in the autumn leaves on a street in the city center in Bavaria.

An FFP2 mask lies in the autumn leaves on a street in the city center in Bavaria. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Sven Hoppe

However, if the Covid situation worsens, exceptions can be shelved completely.  

Controversial mask rule in planes?

A heated debate broke out this week about ‘double standards’ when it comes to mandatory masks in air travel after Chancellor Olaf Scholz (SPD) and Economics Minister Robert Habeck (Greens) were seen without masks on a flight to Canada.

A government spokesman justified the mask-free policy by saying that all passengers had been PCR-tested before departure.

READ ALSO: ‘Double standards’: Why top German ministers are embroiled in a Covid row

When a journalist asked about this during the press conference, Buschmann said he could understand why people were angry. 

“Politically, I would recommend to us as a federal government to apply the same rules that apply elsewhere,” Bushman said.

“Otherwise, of course, there’s a feeling that you’re willing to put citizens through something that you don’t want to put yourself through.”

Buschmann added that mask-wearing in a government aircraft should “in case of doubt even be voluntary,” “because that is then leading by example”.

More powers for states

As touched on above, if a state parliament identifies a specific threat to the functioning of the health care system or other critical infrastructure for the entire state or a specific region, regional leaders can establish more extensive measures.

These include having the mask rule without exceptions, requiring masks at outdoor events if a minimum distance of 1.5 meters cannot be maintained, or introducing upper limits on people at events.

However, some experts have said it’s unclear when tougher regulations should be brought in.

School closures and lockdowns ruled out

Another lockdown or school closures are not planned, said Lauterbach and Buschmann. But in schools, masks should be made compulsory for children in fifth grade and above if the Covid situation worsens. 

Special payments for commissioners in nursing homes

There are also new provisions for special payments of €1,000 per month for nursing homes to appoint representatives among their staff to look after vaccinations, hygiene and medication for infected patients, such as with the anti-Covid drug Paxlovid.

The facilities are to receive €250 per month for their efforts – employees who take on the tasks alone or in a team are to receive €750.

Member comments

  1. “Another lockdown or school closures are not planned, said Lauterbach and Buschmann”
    Question. Does this mean that categorically there will be no lock down or school closures? There will be no tourist bans? All I read is mask this and mask that, then one sentence about tougher measures. No one states what these are. This seems to be all smoke and mirrors ive not seen anywhere stating this bill in full. Only about masks. Which the professional board group said only worked with well fitted masks and that was “inconclusive ” if I remember correctly.

    Oh and with mandatory masks are the government going to provide them? All my extra money has gone on fuel and gas? If the government want to mandate masks shouldn’t they be provided out of government pockets? Or sholz’s friends duffel bag in hamburg.

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Four German states call for end to mandatory Covid isolation

People in Germany have to isolate at home for at least five days if they test positive for Covid. But four states want to see a change to this rule.

Four German states call for end to mandatory Covid isolation

In a joint letter, the states of Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Hesse, and Schleswig-Holstein called on Health Minister Karl Lauterbach to drop the isolation requirement for people who get a Covid infection in Germany. 

Baden-Württemberg health minister Manne Lucha, of the Greens, said there should be a move towards people taking personal responsibility rather than the state ordering an isolation period, reported the Tagesschau. 

“We should gradually get into the mode of treating a corona infection like any other infectious disease where the rule is: if you are sick, stay at home,” said the Green politician.

The rules on isolation differ slightly from state to state in Germany, but the general requirement is that people who test positive for Covid have to go into isolation at home and avoid all contact with people outside the household. The isolation period lasts at least five days or a maximum of 10 days.

In some states, and for hospital and care workers, a negative test is required to end the isolation period early.

Several politicians – as well as Andreas Gassen, chairman of the board of the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians, have previously spoken out in favour of ending all Covid isolation and quarantine obligations.

READ ALSO: Should Germany get rid of Covid mandatory isolation?

The four German states called on Lauterbach, of the Social Democrats, to change the rules by October 10th.

In their letter, they refer to Austria, where the isolation obligation has been replaced by so-called “traffic restrictions” since August 1st.

Under these rules, people who get Covid-19 have to wear an FFP2 mask for 10 days in most places, and they are not allowed to visit nursing homes and clinics. They can, however, go to their workplace.

“The end of mandatory isolation has not led to any relevant increase in reported cases in Austria,” the four German health ministers said in their letter.

They argued that much of the population in Germany is immunised, either through vaccination or infection.

However, Lauterbach has so far rejected calls to get rid of the isolation requirement. He said that due to Covid cases rising, he didn’t want to “add fuel to the fire” and increase the risk of infections occurring in companies or at gatherings.

Bavaria’s health minister Klaus Holetschek (CSU), said he was worried about lots of people having to take time off work to isolate at the same time, which could put pressure on critical infrastructure. 

Schleswig-Holstein’s health minister Kerstin von der Decken (CDU), said the adjustment of the isolation rules would be “a step on the way back to normality.”