How long might it take to get a coronavirus vaccination in Germany?

Progress has been slow so far in Germany's vaccination campaign. We look at why that might be and how the campaign is working so far.

How long might it take to get a coronavirus vaccination in Germany?
Helmut Gaußmann, 85, receiving a jab at the Hessian Vaccination Centre in the Darmstadtium Congress Centre on January 19th. Photo: DPA

How many people have had their vaccine so far?

More than 1,554,355 people (1.9 percent of the total population of more than 83 million people) have now received a first dose of the Covid-19 vaccine (as of January 25th). A total of 228,763 people have received both doses, according to the government's vaccination dashboard, which is updated regularly. 

How slow is the process going in Germany?

If the rollout continues at the current rate, it will be a long time before everyone is inoculated against coronavirus. 

In fact a new 'vaccination date calculator' (more on that below) gives an idea of how slow it's actually going: if the current rate continues, the calculator estimates it would take more than four years until everyone in Germany receives their jabs.

However, the government has vowed to ramp up the speed of the process – so it doesn't look like this will actually be the case (phew).

Health Minister Jens Spahn acknowledged on Friday that many people are frustrated over the speed of the campaign since it started around a month ago in Germany.

“It is not happening fast enough for many people, and I would also like to have more vaccines available,” said Spahn.

However, Spahn still expects to be able to offer everyone in Germany a vaccination by summer.

READ ALSO: German Health Minister admits mistakes in Germany's vaccine strategy

So why is it off to a slow start?

There are a few reasons for that. One is the supply issues.

Earlier this month, Pfizer, which started delivering shots in the EU at the end of December, announced there would be a temporary impact on shipments in late January to early February caused by changes to manufacturing processes.

It means there are even fewer doses than originally agreed.

This is had a big impact on Germany. The most populous state of North Rhine-Westphalia said on January 20th it was delaying the opening of new vaccination centres by a week to February 8th due to the temporary slowdown of deliveries of vaccines from Pfizer and its German partner Biotech.

Meanwhile, there's also been criticism of the bureaucratic process and way each state is rolling out the vaccinations.

EXPLAINED: What's gone wrong with Germany's vaccine strategy?

When might I get a vaccine?

The vaccination date calculator project we mentioned above, which has been developed by Philip Maus of the University of Pisa and Bogna Szyk of the Polish start-up Omnicalculator, gives a rough idea of when people can expect to be vaccinated.

You can enter information about your age, occupation and previous illnesses. Based on this, you are then told the time frame in which your vaccinations could take place if the current order is adhered to and, as announced so far, 670,000 vaccine doses are distributed per week – as planned by the federal government.

The calculations of the duration take into account the government recommendations on the prioritised order of different population groups as well as surveys on the willingness to be vaccinated.

For example, a 55-year-old person who is not in a high-risk occupation – such as nursing – and has no pre-existing conditions and no contact with people at increased risk of infection, could receive their first vaccination in the period from early August 2021 to February 2022.

A 62-year-old person with the same profile could receive their first vaccination as early as between May and August this year.

The prerequisite is that 670,000 vaccine doses are distributed every week.

However, according to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), this quota is currently not being reached: as of January 20th for example, only 539,337 people received a vaccination dose in the past seven days. However, there are far-reaching plans to procure and distribute more vaccine more quickly.

In which federal states are vaccine doses distributed the fastest?

Measured by the size of the state's population, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Schleswig-Holstein have had the most vaccinations so far: the vaccination rate in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania is 2.8 percent, in Schleswig-Holstein 2.6 percent, reported the Tagesspiegel last week.

In Berlin, the vaccination rate is 1.6 percent. Bringing up the rear is Baden-Württemberg with just 1.2 percent of the population.

How fast does Germany vaccinate in international comparison?

In an international comparison, the most vaccine doses so far have been given out in Israel as the charts below by World in Data show.

In what order are vaccinations given out in Germany?

As the vaccine supply is scarce, people who belong to the highest priority group are receiving a coronavirus vaccination first. This group includes the following:

  • People who are over 80
  • People who work in inpatient facilities for the care and supervision of elderly people and people in need of care
  • People in outpatient care services who work with people in need of care
  • Workers in the medical sector exposed to a high risk of infection – for example, in intensive care units or in emergency rooms
  • Those who care for, look after or treat people with a high risk of infection in medical facilities

How do I get an appointment for vaccination?

At the moment, only people from the highest priority group (detailed above) can get vaccinated. If you belong to this group, you should contact your local health authority if you are unsure how to make an appointment.

Most states offer two options: booking an appointment online or making an appointment over the phone. In Berlin, only people who have received an invitation letter from the Senate Department for Health can book an appointment.

Vaccinations are currently being carried out in special centres, and by mobile vaccination teams that visit nursing homes.

They are not yet possible in doctors' surgeries.

According to the government, information on the start of vaccinations for other groups will be provided in due course.

For a reminder of all the the priority groups, check out our story below.

READ MORE: EXPLAINED: How Germany will roll out Covid-19 vaccinations

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EXPLAINED: The new rules around getting a sick note over the phone in Germany

Due to high Covid infection numbers throughout the summer, it’s now possible to get a sick note from a doctor over the phone again for some illnesses. Here’s what you need to know.

EXPLAINED: The new rules around getting a sick note over the phone in Germany

What’s happened?

In spring 2020, German authorities changed the law so that people with a mild upper respiratory tract illness, such as the common cold, were able to get an incapacity to work certificate or AU-Bescheinigung by simply calling and speaking to their GP.

The rule was extended several times and finally reversed on June 1st this year due to falling infection figures. Since then people have had to go back to the practice – or do a video call if the doctor’s office has that system in place – to get a sick note.

Now, due to a decision by the Joint Federal Committee, the regulation has been reintroduced and patients can call their GP again for a sick note.

Can I get a sick note over the phone for any illness?

No. As before, the regulation only applies to patients suffering from a mild upper respiratory tract illness. Though Covid has not explicitly been named in the announcement, it seems that it is intended to be covered by the regulation.

If the doctor is convinced that the patient is unfit for work after a telephone consultation, then they can issue a sick note for up to seven days.

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: The changes around doctor’s notes in Germany you should know

If the symptoms persist after seven days, the certificate can be extended once more for another week.

Why now?

According to the Chairman of the G-BA, Josef Hecken, the regulation has been introduced now as a response to rising Covid numbers and in anticipation of the cold and flu season in the coming months: “We want to avoid full waiting rooms in doctors’ offices and the emergence of new infection chains,” he said.

The telephone sick leave rule is a simple, proven and uniform nationwide solution for that, he said. The rule is also necessary because video consultation hours are not yet available everywhere.

What else should I know?

The health insurer DAK is calling for telephone sick leave in the case of light respiratory diseases to be made possible on a permanent basis in Germany. DAK’s CEO Andreas Storm said that this should “not always be up for debate, because it has proven itself.” 

READ ALSO: Everything you need to know about making a doctor’s appointment in Germany

The social association VdK also welcomed the reintroduction of the rule. The VdK’s President Verena Bentele said that the regulation would help to protect high-risk groups in particular from potential infections.

What are the rules to know about sick notes in Germany?

Germany has a strict system in place. If you are sick, you need to give your employer a Krankmeldung (notification of sickness) before the start of work on the first day (of your illness).

However, you also need to hand in a Krankschreibung (doctor’s note) on the fourth day of your illness. Some employments contracts, however, require you to submit a sick not earlier than the fourth day so check with your boss or HR on that point.