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REVEALED: Germany’s plans to curb Delta wave with new Covid travel rules

The German Health Ministry is proposing widespread changes to travel rules, including a major rethink on how 'risk areas' are categorised, in order to slow down the spread of the fourth Covid wave.

REVEALED: Germany's plans to curb Delta wave with new Covid travel rules
A driver is stopped by police at the border between Germany and the Czech Republic. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/CTK | Ondøej Hájek

The proposals were set out in a draft law that was obtained by DPA on Wednesday. The law could be finalised as early as Friday and come into force on August 1st.

Here’s a look at what the government is proposing. Keep in mind these aren’t set in stone yet. We’ll update you when we get more information. 

Tougher testing rules 

In the draft, the Health Ministry sets out its plans for comprehensive Covid testing for non-vaccinated travellers, regardless of whether they travel by air, road or rail.

From next week, people arriving in Germany by car could be asked to present a negative test result in randomised checks at the border, while cross-border rail travellers might be asked to present their test result, or proof of vaccination or recovery, while onboard on the train. 

As before, air travellers will need to present their test, or proof of vaccination or recovery, before boarding the plane. 

There are some exceptions for people who need to make short trips across the border regularly, however, such as cross-border commuters. For this set of people, compulsory tests would only be required if they enter from areas with particularly high infections.

READ ALSO: Germany to order mandatory Covid tests for all returning unvaccinated travellers ‘from August

Equally, tests for this group of travellers would only be required twice a week, rather than for every trip. 

No more ‘basic risk areas’

The ministry is also proposing a shake-up of the existing risk categories for foreign countries. If passed, the new law would see the ‘basic risk area’ category completely removed, while the ‘high incidence’ category could apply to a wider group of countries.

At present, regions with an 7-day incidence of between 200 and 500 Covid infections per 100,000 people can be classed high-incidence areas – but only if the RKI believes they post a particularly high risk of infection to travellers. 

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: Germany’s new quarantine rules for vaccinated travellers

From August 1st, however, the definition will be loosened slightly, so that countries with a 7-day incidence of “well over 100” infections per 100,000 people could also fall into this category. 

While all travellers to Germany must present a negative test or proof of vaccination or recovery in order to enter the country, arrivals from a high-incidence area also face the prospect of a 10-day quarantine.

Some travellers are able to end this immediately by submitting their certificates of vaccination or recovery, but those who rely on a negative test can only end self-isolation after five days by taking a PCR test. 

High infections ‘should be delayed as long as possible’

According to DPA, the Health Ministry want to rush through the plans in order to hold back the tide of new Covid infections largely fuelled by the more transmissible Delta variant for as long as possible.

With the new rules in place, Germany could “curb the entry of additional infections and to keep the number of infections low in order to be able to further increase the vaccination rates during this time,” the draft revealed.

READ ALSO: European health authorities warn of surge in Delta variant infections

“The next wave of high infections – which is to be expected according to current forecasts – should be delayed as far back as possible.”

On Thursday 3,142 cases were reported within 24 hours in Germany, and 21 deaths. The incidence rate rose to 16 cases per 100,000 residents within seven days – up from an incidence of around 5 earlier in July. 

On Wednesday, a private memo from the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) allegedly warned political decision-makers that Germany was seeing the start of a fourth wave.

READ ALSO: Germany at ‘start of fourth wave’ – but Covid infections are slowing

In the document obtained by Bild, RKI chief Lothar Wieler is said to have urged politicians to follow a strategy of prevention and attempt to keep the incidence of infections as low as possible. 

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‘Double processing time’: Austria and Germany fear non-EU travellers face border delays

Germany, Austria and another of other countries in Europe's Schengen area admit they fear delays and insufficient time to test the process ahead of new, more rigorous EU border checks that will be introduced next year, a new document reveals.

'Double processing time': Austria and Germany fear non-EU travellers face border delays

Schengen countries are tightening up security at the external borders with the introduction of a new digital system (EES) to record the entry and exit of non-EU citizens in May 2023.

The EES will enable the automatic scanning of passports replacing manual stamping by border guards. It will register the person’s name, type of the travel document, biometric data (fingerprints and facial images) and the date and place of entry and exit. The data will be kept in a centralised database on a rolling three-year basis that is re-set at each entry. 

What the EES is intended to do is increase border security, including the enforcement of the 90-day short-stay limit for tourists and visitors. EU citizens and third-country nationals who reside in a country of the Schengen area will not be subject to such checks.

READ ALSO: Foreigners living in EU not covered by new EES border checks

But given its scale, the entry into operation of the system has been raising concerns on many fronts, including the readiness of the physical and digital infrastructure, and the time required for border checks, which could subsequently cause massive queues at borders.

A document on the state of preparations was distributed last week by the secretariat of the EU Council (the EU institution representing member states) and published by Statewatch, a non-profit organisation that monitors civil liberties.

The paper contains the responses from 21 member states to a questionnaire about potential impacts on passenger flows, the infrastructure put in place and the possibility of a gradual introduction of the new system over a number of months.

This is what certain the countries have responded. Responses from Denmark, Spain and Sweden do not appear in the report but the answers from other countries will be relevant for readers in those countries.

READ ALSO: What the EU’s new EES border check system means for travel

‘Double processing time’

Austria and Germany are the most vocal in warning that passport processing times will increase when the EES will become operational.

“The additional tasks resulting from the EES regulation will lead to a sharp increase in process times”, which are expected to “double compared to the current situation,” Austrian authorities say. “This will also affect the waiting times at border crossing points (in Austria, the six international airports),” the document continues.

“Furthermore, border control will become more complicated since in addition to the distinction between visa-exempt and visa-required persons, we will also have to differentiate between EES-required and EES-exempt TCN [third country nationals], as well as between registered and unregistered TCN in EES,” Austrian officials note.

Based on an analysis of passenger traffic carried out with the aviation industry, German authorities estimate that checking times will “increase significantly”.

France expects to be ready for the introduction of the EES “in terms of passenger routes, training and national systems,” but admits that “fluidity remains a concern” and “discussions are continuing… to make progress on this point”.

Italy is also “adapting the border operational processes… in order to contain the increased process time and ensure both safety and security”.

“Despite many arguments for the introduction of automated border control systems based on the need for efficiency, the document makes clear that the EES will substantially increase border crossing times,” Statewatch argues.

‘Stable service unlikely by May 2023’

The border infrastructure is also being adapted for collecting and recording the data, with several countries planning for automated checks. So what will change in practice?

Austria intends to install self-service kiosks at the airports of Vienna and Salzburg “in the course of 2023”. Later these will be linked to existing e-gates enabling a “fully automated border crossing”. Austrian authorities also explain that airport operators are seeking to provide more space for kiosks and queues, but works will not be completed before the system is operational.

Germany also plans to install self-service kiosks at the airports to “pre-capture” biometric data before border checks. But given the little time for testing the full process, German authorities say “a stable working EES system seems to be unlikely in May 2023.”

France will set up self-service kiosks in airports, where third-country nationals can pre-register their biometric data and personal information before being directed to the booth for verification with the border guard. The same approach will be adopted for visitors arriving by bus, while tablet devices such as iPads will be used for the registration of car passengers at land and sea borders.

Italy is increasing the “equipment of automated gates in all the main  airport” and plans to install, at least in the first EES phase, about 600 self-service kiosks at the airports of Rome Fiumicino, Milan Malpensa, Venice and in those with “significant volumes of extra-Schengen traffic,” such as Bergamo, Naples, Bologna and Turin.

Switzerland, which is not an EU member but is part of the Schengen area, is also installing self-service kiosks to facilitate the collection of data. Norway, instead, will have “automated camera solutions operated by the border guards”, but will consider self-service options only after the EES is in operation.

Gradual introduction?

One of the possibilities still in consideration is the gradual introduction of the new system. The European Commission has proposed a ‘progressive approach’ that would allow the creation of “incomplete” passenger files for 9 months following the EES entry into operation, and continuing passport stamping for 3 months.

According to the responses, Italy is the only country favourable to this option. For Austria and France this “could result in more confusion for border guards and travellers”. French officials also argue that a lack of biometric data will “present a risk for the security of the Schengen area”.

France suggested to mitigate with “flexibility” the EES impacts in the first months of its entry into service. In particular, France calls for the possibility to not create EES files for third-country nationals who entered the Schengen area before the system becomes operational, leaving this task to when they return later.

This would “significantly ease the pressure” on border guards “during the first three months after entry into service,” French authorities said.

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