OPINION: Deadly mask row shows comparing German government to Nazis is dangerously inflaming tensions

The killing of a gas station worker in Germany after a Covid mask row has caused outrage. Although an extreme incident, inflammatory rhetoric about pandemic rules has been rising in the country. Michael Stuchbery examines the dangers of this.

OPINION: Deadly mask row shows comparing German government to Nazis is dangerously inflaming tensions
A demonstrator at a Querdenker rally in Wiesbaden in April this year with a poster that says: "Welcome to dictatorship - you're leaving democracy". Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Frank Rumpenhorst

Germany has been an epicenter of vaccine refusal and Covid-denialism throughout the pandemic, most significantly represented by the Querdenker (lateral thinker) movement. Querdenker groups across the nation have held a number of high-profile protests and marches throughout the country over the last year, with some descending into violence as protesters clashed with police.

However, it’s not so much the protest actions of the movement that have inflamed and divided the populace, as the tendency for Querdenker to liken the government pandemic response to the darkest period in the nation’s history.

Weaponising the past

One constant in Querdenker communication channels are analogies being drawn between mask and lockdown regulations, and Nazi-era persecutions. The symbols, slogans and ideas of the regime have been employed to liken public health measures to Jewish persecutions in the years before the Holocaust, and to cast the federal government as a new ‘Third Reich’.

A Querdenker demo in Stuttgart in April 2021. A demonstrator is carrying a sign that says ‘those who sleep in a democracy, wake up in a dictatorship’. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Christoph Schmidt

In June, a Munich man was charged with depicting a vaccination centre as a Nazi concentration camp on Facebook. City authorities have now also banned the wearing at protests of yellow stars with the word ‘Ungeimpft’ (unvaccinated) – a direct reference to the Judensterne that all Jews in Nazi-occupied territories had to wear from 1941.

Similarly, in November, ‘Jana from Kassel’ likened herself to the courageous anti-Nazi resistance fighter, Sophie Scholl, at a Querdenker protest. This led to a barrage of scorn. A week earlier, an 11-year-old girl at a rally in Karlsruhe provoked further outrage by claiming that she’d had to exist like child diarist Anne Frank, celebrating a birthday secretly, so as not to alert the authorities.

‘Sending a message’

And now Germany is reeling after a 20-year-old petrol station cashier in the town of Idar-Oberstein, Rhineland-Palatinate, was shot dead on Saturday in what is believed to be the first killing linked to the government’s coronavirus rules.

The row started when the cashier, a student, told the customer to put on a face mask, as required in all German shops. After a brief argument, the man left.

He then returned wearing a mask, but went to to shoot the cashier. 


The suspect, known as Mario N, made no secret that he shared Querdenker beliefs, as has been reported by German media. He would later tell police that he felt ‘stressed’ by the Covid-19 regulations, and that he shot the young man to ‘send a message’.

Police at the scene of the shooting at a petrol station in western Germany on Saturday which followed a dispute over Covid masks. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/Foto Hosser | Christian Schulz

There are no doubt many factors involved with this extreme case that are being investigated. 

But the effect of sharing beliefs with a group that regularly compares the pandemic measures to Nazi persecutions cannot be ignored. 

A cursory glance at some of the largest Querdenker Telegram channels shows such messaging appearing every day, and frequently forwarded on to both other channels, and social media sites such as Twitter and Facebook.

Earlier this year Germany’s domestic intelligence agency announced that it was to start monitoring leading figures of Querdenker. 

Some protest organisers “have clearly demonstrated that their agenda goes beyond simply mobilising protests against the government’s corona measures”, the ministry said in a statement.

The ministry added that for some figures, their aim appears to be to “permanently undermine trust in state institutions and their representatives”.

READ ALSO: Germany’s spy agency to monitor Querdenker movement

Inflaming tensions

Of course, no comparisons can be drawn between the public health measures implemented during the pandemic by both federal and state governments and Nazi persecutions- at least, no sensible ones. Mask requirements and vaccination drives in response to pandemics can in no way be likened to Nazi atrocities, but also preceded the regime by decades in Germany, and were instrumental in saving hundreds of thousands of lives.

Such analogies, however, will continue to provoke strong, sustained emotions in the birthplace of one of modern history’s greatest outrages. Three generations have grown up in the shadow of Nazi crimes, and for many, it is the most emotive touchstone there is. Germans are educated from childhood about the era, and the phrase ‘never forget’ holds a powerful weight among the populace.

A sign to get vaccinated in Empelde, Lower Saxony. Masks and vaccination drives in response to pandemics can in no way be likened to Nazi atrocities. says Michael Stuchbery. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Julian Stratenschulte

It is a bitter irony, then, that many of those crafting such messages themselves have significant links to known far-right organisations. The ongoing pandemic has been the perfect opportunity for them to depict the government as akin to the very worst the country has known, in order to bolster their ranks. Never mind that some of these groups may share goals with the former regime in their hatred of migrants, or permissive social values.

Such extremist organisations are very unlikely to assume any kind of meaningful power, and that’s where the greatest danger in this weaponising of the past becomes apparent: In order to remain an active presence on society’s margins, they need to up the stakes with their messaging. Eventually, confronted with the idea they’re effectively reliving a national trauma, someone consuming such messages will lash out. That’s how a young man at the start of his adult life ends up being killed over a mask on a Saturday night.

Disappointingly, there’s a lot of discussion within German and English-speaking online communities that suggests the murder victim was somehow responsible for his own murder by enforcing the mask requirement. Memes are posted that suggest that by doing so, he was shirking his moral responsibility. His upholding of the mask requirement is likened to invoking the Nuremberg defence of ‘just following orders’ and thereby casts him a participant in a war – not simply a kid supporting himself with a gas station job.

It is imperative that, confronted with such statements and ideas, that they be refuted categorically. Governments across Germany, trying to save lives, are not acting as the tyrants of the past, but as a democratically-elected government attempting to save lives. Using the past as a weapon not only cheapens the experiences of those suffered under the Nazis, but carries a grave danger at a critical moment.

Member comments

  1. A great Article.
    These online pathetics who try to blame the victim fill me with disgust. Brave and self-righteous behind their keyboards, but would probably run a mile if confronted in person

  2. Are these Querdenker groups related to the insane QAnon groups in the United States? This is so sad. My daughter has always felt safe in Germany, unlike the US where lunatics with guns are a daily event.

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Germany should prepare for Covid wave in autumn, ministers warn

German health ministers say that tougher Covid restrictions should come back into force if a serious wave emerges in autumn.

Germany should prepare for Covid wave in autumn, ministers warn

Following a video meeting on Monday, the health ministers of Germany’s 16 states said tougher restrictions should be imposed again if they are needed. 

“The corona pandemic is not over yet – we must not be deceived by the current declining incidences,” said Saxony-Anhalt’s health minister Petra Grimm-Benne, of the Social Democrats, who currently chairs the Conference of Health Ministers (GMK).

According to the GMK, new virus variants are expected to appear in autumn and winter. Over the weekend, federal Health Minister Karl Lauterbach (SPD) also warned that the more dangerous Delta variant could return to Germany. “That is why the federal Ministry of Health should draw up a master plan to combat the corona pandemic as soon as possible and coordinate it with the states,” Grimm-Benne said.

Preparations should also include an amendment of the Infection Protection Act, ministers urged. They want to see the states given powers to react to the infection situation in autumn and winter. They called on the government to initiate the legislative process in a timely manner, and get the states actively involved.

The current Infection Protection Act expires on September 23rd this year. Germany has loosened much of its Covid restrictions in the last months, however, face masks are still compulsory on public transport as well as on planes. 

READ ALSO: Do people in Germany still have to wear Covid masks on planes?

The health ministers said that from autumn onwards, it should be possible for states to make masks compulsory indoors if the regional infection situation calls for it. Previously, wearing a Covid mask was obligatory in Germany when shopping and in restaurants and bars when not sitting at a table. 

Furthermore, the so-called 3G rule for accessing some venues and facilities – where people have to present proof of vaccination, recovery, or a negative test – should be implemented again if needed, as well as other infection protection rules, the ministers said. 

Bavaria’s health minister Klaus Holetschek, of the CSU, welcomed the ministers’ unanimous call for a revision of the Infection Protection Act. “The states must be able to take all necessary infection protection measures quickly, effectively, and with legal certainty,” he said.

North Rhine-Westphalia’s health minister Karl-Josef Laumann (CDU) warned that no one should “lull themselves into a false sense of security”.

“We must now prepare for the colder season and use the time to be able to answer important questions about the immunity of the population or the mechanisms of infection chains,” he said.

On Tuesday, Germany reported 86,253 Covid infections within the latest 24 hour period, as well as 215 Covid-related deaths. The 7-day incidence stood at 437.6 infections per 100,000 people. However, experts believe there could be twice as many infections because lots of cases go unreported. 

READ ALSO: Five things to know about the Covid pandemic in Germany right now