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Number of men in Germany working part-time increases

The Local Germany
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Number of men in Germany working part-time increases
Are employees more productive during a four-day-week? Photo: Unsplash/LinkedIn Sales Solutions

The number of people working part-time in Germany increased by more than 2.5 million between 2010 and 2022, as announced by the Federal Statistical Office on Monday, with male workers accounting for the biggest increase.

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There was a huge increase in the number of men working part-time (up by 53 percent) between 2010 and 2022, but despite a smaller increase in the number of women working part-time (up by 22 percent), women are still very much in the majority in this sector; around 9.18 million women were working part-time in 2022, compared to only 2.6 million men.

The number of full-time employees also increased from 2010 to 2022, by seven percent to 27.2 million people.

However, part-time employment contributed 28 percent more to the overall employment growth. The statisticians explained that this could be an indication that, "when considered as a whole, full-time positions are being replaced by part-time employment."

Part-time employees now also work on average slightly longer hours than in 2010. In 2022, those in part-time work worked an average of 21.2 hours per week, compared to 18.4 hours per week in 2010, according to the statistics.

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For women, the increase was more pronounced, rising by 16 percent to 21.7 hours, while for men, there was a 14 percent increase to 19.5 hours.

On the other hand, the weekly working hours for full-time employees slightly decreased: from an average of 40.6 hours per week in 2010 to 40.0 hours in 2022.

"These figures reflect a job market where paid work is still very unevenly distributed between men and women, and which leaves little room for a fair distribution of caregiving work," said Bettina Kohlrausch, Scientific Director of the Economic and Social Sciences Institute at the Hans-Böckler Foundation.

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"For those who want women to work less part-time – also to counteract the shortage of skilled workers – full-time employment must be designed in a way that is compatible with caregiving."

Kohlrausch argued that there is room for reducing working hours with an average of 40 hours of full-time work. "Because that is a prerequisite for distributing paid and caregiving work more fairly and thereby increasing women's participation in the workforce."

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