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ENVIRONMENT

Walrus makes rare stop on German beach to delight of locals

They normally live in the cold waters of the Arctic Circle, but a walrus made an unusual visit to the German island of Rügen on Thursday.

Walrus makes rare stop on German beach to delight of locals
A walrus lies on a beach on the island of Rügen. Photo: dpa-Bildfunk

The two-metre long marine mammal rested on a beach on the north of the Baltic Sea island throughout the day on Thursday before heaving itself back into the water in the evening and swimming off.

“People were thrilled. You don’t get an opportunity like that very often,” said Michael Dähne, director for marine mammals at the German Maritime Museum on Friday.

After a beachgoer reported the unusual sighting on Thursday morning, the museum immediately sent its experts up to investigate.

The section of beach where the mammoth animal had landed was cordoned off as to prevent curious onlookers from disturbing it. “Everyone behaved exceptionally,” Dähne said.

The walrus was likely a female and appeared to be in good health, Dähne said. “It had no noticeable injuries, was a normal size for the time of year and was breathing normally, he added.

Growing up to three and a half metres long, the Atlantic walrus is smaller than its pacific cousin, but can still weigh up to a tonne.

Far from natural habitat

Why the walrus swam as far south as Rügen is unclear.

According to Dähne, this was the first time he was aware of that a walrus had been spotted in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. 

While one walrus had been spotted north of Lübeck near to where the Baltic meets the North Sea, it is rare for this Arctic animal to have swum so far into the Baltic.

One explanation is that the animal simply wandered off somewhere new.

The Maritime Museum in Stralsund certainly has experience with such exotic guests. In 1965, a leatherback turtle from the Caribbean wandered into the Baltic Sea and died shortly after being rescued. 

The animal, named after film diva Marlene Dietrich, was taxidermied and became one of the original exhibits in the Maritime Museum.

In 2020, a huge swordfish was recovered from a fish trap near the harbour of Wismar.

Another possible explanation is that the animal was seeking new territory due to habitat loss as a result of climate change. 

Experts say that the decline of sea ice due to climate change could become a problem for walruses.

“When the ice recedes, there is simply less ice and fewer ice holes,” explained Dähne.

Walruses are mostly native to the polar regions of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

The closest region where walruses are common is Norway, where the population has rebounded significantly since the Norwegian government banned commercial hunting last century.

READ ALSO: Arctic expedition returns to Germany with sobering discoveries

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ENERGY

Why sunny weather in Germany can switch off solar panels

The more the sun shines in the southern German town of Aurach, the more likely it is that Jens Husemann's solar panels will be disconnected from the grid -- an exasperating paradox at a time when Germany is navigating an energy supply crisis.

Why sunny weather in Germany can switch off solar panels

“It’s being switched off every day,” Husemann told AFP during a recent sunny spell, saying there had been more than 120 days of forced shutdowns so far this year.

Husemann, who runs an energy conversion business near Munich, also owns a sprawling solar power system on the flat roof of a transport company in Aurach, Bavaria.

The energy generated flows into power lines run by grid operator N-Ergie, which then distributes it on the network.

But in sunny weather, the power lines are becoming overloaded — leading the grid operator to cut off supply from the solar panels.

“It’s a betrayal of the population,” said Husemann, pointing to soaring electricity prices and a continued push to install more solar panels across Germany.

Europe’s biggest economy is eyeing an ambitious switch to renewables making up 80 percent of its electricity from 2030 in a bid to go carbon neutral.

N-ergie thermal power station

The thermal power station of energy supplier N-Ergie in Nuremberg, southern Germany. (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

But Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has put a spanner in the works.

Moscow has cut gas supplies to Germany by 80 percent, in what is believed to be a bid to weaken the European powerhouse’s resolve in backing Ukraine.

READ ALSO: OPINION: How many massacres will it take for Germany to turn off Russian gas?

As a result, Berlin has been scrambling for alternative sources across the world to replace the shortfall.

This makes it all the more frustrating for Husemann, whose solar panels normally generate enough electricity for 50 households. With the repeated shutdowns, he suspects they will only supply half of their capacity by the end
of the year.

Grid bottlenecks

Grid operator N-Ergie, which is responsible for harvesting electricity from Husemann’s panels, admits the situation is less than ideal.

There were 257 days last year when it had to cut off supply from solar panels on parts of the grid.

“We are currently witnessing — and this is a good thing — an unprecedented boom in photovoltaic parks,” Rainer Kleedoerfer, head of N-Ergie’s development department, told AFP.

An employee of energy supplier N-ERGIE working at the company's network control centre in Nuremberg, southern Germany. 

An employee of energy supplier N-Ergie working at the company’s network control centre in Nuremberg, southern Germany.  (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

But while it takes just a couple of years to commission a solar power plant, updating the necessary infrastructure takes between five and 10 years, he said.

“The number of interventions and the amount of curtailed energy have increased continuously in recent years” as a result, according to N-Ergie spokesman Michael Enderlein.

“The likelihood is that grid bottlenecks will actually increase in the coming years,” while resolving them will take several more years, Enderlein said.

According to Carsten Koenig, managing director of the German Solar Industry Association, the problem is not unique to solar power and also affects wind energy.

READ ALSO: Reader question – Should I modernise my heating system in Germany?

Solar bottlenecks tend to be regional and temporary, he said. “Occasionally, however, we hear that especially in rural areas in Bavaria, the shutdowns are more frequent.”

2.4 million households

Koenig agrees the problem is likely to get worse before it gets better.

“This will be especially true if political measures aimed at sufficiently expanding the power grid in Germany… drag on for too long,” he said.

Some 6.1 terawatt hours of electricity from renewables had to be curtailed in 2020, according to the most recent figures available.

With an average consumption of around 2,500 kilowatt hours per year in a two-person household, this would have been enough to power around 2.4 million households.

A spokesman for Germany’s Federal Network Agency said it did not share the belief that “it will not be possible to expand the network in line with demand in the coming years”.

Only some aspects of the expansion are seeing delays, the spokesman said — mainly due to slow approval procedures and a lack of specialist companies to do the work.

According to Husemann there have also been delays to the payments he is supposed to receive in return for the solar power he supplies — or cannot supply.

He said he is already owed around 35,000 euros ($35,600) for electricity produced so far this year that has never found its way into a socket.

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