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LATEST: The charts and maps that explain the state of the pandemic in Germany

Rachel Loxton
Rachel Loxton - [email protected]
LATEST: The charts and maps that explain the state of the pandemic in Germany
People walking in Taunus, Hesse, on Monday January 18th. Photo: DPA

The number of new infections in Germany is falling slightly, but deaths remain at a high level. We look at what's going on.


On Tuesday January 19th, Chancellor Angela Merkel and the 16 state leaders were set to discuss tightening coronavirus measures and extending them to mid-February.

Although the number of new infections is falling slightly, deaths are still high and there are concerns over more contagious Covid-19 variants. Here's the current picture.

What's the latest on the situation?

On Tuesday January 19th, the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) for public health reported 11,369 new infections within 24 hours, bringing the total amount of Covid-19 cases in Germany to 2,052,028. The number of deaths rose by 989 within the same time period to 47,622.


One week ago, the RKI recorded 12,802 new daily infections and 891 deaths within 24 hours. The highest number of new infections registered within 24 hours - 33,777 - was reported on December 18th, but this figure included a late report of 3,500 cases from the previous day.

This chart below by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, shows the number of daily new cases in Germany on a rolling seven day average.

A record high of 1,244 daily deaths was reported on Thursday, January 14th.

When looking at the current figures, it should be noted that some data may be missing - on the previous day, some federal states transmitted their data incompletely or not at all.

The RKI wrote in its situation report on Monday evening: "No data was transmitted from Rhineland-Palatinate yesterday. Data was transmitted from Bavaria and Saarland, but the RKI did not receive the data in full."

One thing that should be noted is the spike in numbers from Christmas that experts had been warning about doesn't look like it will happen.

Compared to other countries

When it comes to comparing Germany's current Covid-19 rates to other countries in Europe and beyond, things don't appear to be too alarming (see chart below).

Germany's rate when population is taken into account has fallen in recent days whilst infection rates in neighbouring France are rising.

For a more in depth comparison between Germany and other countries in Europe, see the link below.

COMPARE: How are European countries faring in the battle against the Covid-19 pandemic?


The below chart shows the daily Covid-19 deaths on a rolling seven day average.

READ ALSO: The charts and maps that explain the state of the pandemic in Germany in October 2020

What about free ICU beds and vaccination numbers?

Just over 5,000 Covid-19 patients are currently in intensive care units in Germany.

Overall, 26,978 intensive care beds are registered with the RKI, of which 22,113 (82 percent) are occupied, and 4,865 (18 percent) are available.

Around 1.3 million people in the country have received their first dose of the Covid-19 vaccine. Around 6,000 people have also received the second injection.

After the second jab, it usually takes a further week before the patient has protection from the virus.

Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania remains the leader in vaccinations with a vaccination rate of 2.34 percent, ahead of Schleswig-Holstein with 1.92 percent. Bringing up the rear is Baden-Württemberg with a rate of 0.90 percent, behind Thuringia with 1.03 percent.

READ ALSO: Will the rest of Germany follow Bavaria's lead in tightening measures?

What are the other trends?

According to the RKI, the number of new infections reported within seven days per 100,000 inhabitants (seven-day incidence) was 131.5 on Tuesday morning, having reached its previous high of 197.6 on December 22nd.

The number fluctuated thereafter, but has been falling for several days. However, the differences between the federal states are currently enormous: the highest incidences are in Thuringia with 256.3 and Saxony with 225.7.

The lowest value is in Bremen with 83.2.

The RKI map below shows the districts with the highest incidence rates across Germany as of January 18th. The highest numbers remain in eastern states.

Source: Robert Koch Institute

Authorities have repeatedly said they are aiming to get down to 50 new infections per 100,000 residents in seven days.

The tweet below shows that the seven day incidence for Germany on Tuesday was 131.5, and this number has fallen for the eighth day in a row.

It also says the incidence has only increased in four of 16 federal states, but with an incidence of 225.4, the state of Brandenburg, which surrounds Berlin, has now reached Saxony's level (225.7).

The nationwide seven-day reproductive number (R number) on Monday evening was 0.89 (previous day: 0.93), according to the RKI situation report on Monday evening.

This means that 100 infected people in theory go on to infect 89 more people. The value represents the number of infections eight to 16 days ago. If it is below 1 for a longer period of time, the incidence of infection is decreasing.

The below RKI chart shows a representation of the Covid-19 cases per 100,000 inhabitants over seven days in Germany by federal state and respective reporting date.

Source: Robert Koch Institute

What's happening on Tuesday?

German leaders do not thing the case numbers are decreasing quickly enough, plus they are worried about more contagious coronavirus mutations spreading in Germany.

The federal and state governments are therefore discuss an extension and possible tightening of the current Covid protection measures. They are due to expire on January 31st.


While a continuation of the lockdown into February is considered certain, additional measures are to be discussed.

The map below shows how the governmental response has changed over time and the Government Stringency Index – a composite measure of the strictness of policy responses.

In this map we compare the German government response with France, the UK, Austria, Switzerland and Sweden.

The topics being considered are how to get more people working from home and how to ensure public transport is less busy. Curfews and tighter mask restrictions will also be discussed.

In the run-up to the meeting, several scientists and politicians spoke out in favour of tighter measures.

To view more charts, maps and graphs on Germany's Covid-19 situation you can visit Our World in Data.


Join the conversation in our comments section below. Share your own views and experience and if you have a question or suggestion for our journalists then email us at [email protected].
Please keep comments civil, constructive and on topic – and make sure to read our terms of use before getting involved.

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Anonymous 2021/01/24 12:41
I largely agree with the above comment. I'm not some loopy "conspiracy theorist" who believes Bill Gates is trying to microchip everyone through 5G or anything, however, the media is utterly dominated by underquestioning adheherence to the "lockdown is good, vaccines are good" dogma. <br /><br />There is much less "scientific consensus" than is being reported, with alternative voices being silenced. Lockdown cannot go on much beyond Easter, otherwise the economies of so many countries will be utterly ruined.<br /><br />Please run some articles on the escalation of numbers of people with mental health issues, missed cancer appointments, increase in suicide numbers - as well as some on the potential unemployment disaster dangerously looming. <br /><br />People deserve balance in their journalism.
Anonymous 2021/01/20 09:50
People should have a look at lockdown sceptics. Medical experts contribute to it. We never hear/read opposing views. We must all follow like sheep that salvation comes from getting an untested vaccine from the pharma industry who have legal indemnity against being sued. According to that "medical" expert Gates good health comes from vaccines. Nothing to do with the fact that the pharma industry and he and his cronies will make billions out of it.

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