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CHRISTMAS

Germany starts new extended shutdown with tougher measures

The new rules in the extended partial lockdown come into force on Tuesday December 1st.

Germany starts new extended shutdown with tougher measures
A shop in Berlin says only four customers are allowed at one time. Photo: DPA

Tougher contact restrictions with rules eased over Christmas – that's what the extended coronavirus shutdown agreed by the German government and states looks like.

Restaurants, cafes, bars, cultural and leisure facilities will remain closed (except for takeaway food or drink).

Private gatherings indoors and outdoors are now limited to a maximum of five people from your own household and one other household. Children under 14 are excluded from the rule. In November, meetings with up to 10 people from two households were generally permitted.

The extended shutdown started December 1st and will last until at least December 20th, though it's likely it will stretch into early January, Chancellor Angela Merkel said last week.

“We need a renewed effort,” Merkel stressed after the consultations with the state premiers held on Wednesday November 25th.

'Second wave is hitting hospitals harder'

The extension of the measures is to try and get the number of coronavirus infections down to avoid overburdening hospitals and allow contact tracing.

“The number of patients is still rising, but not as strongly as it did a fortnight ago. If this continues, the development would be manageable for hospitals,” the President of the German Hospital Federation, Gerald Gaß, told the Passauer Neue Presse newspaper on Tuesday.

Currently, almost 40 percent more patients are being treated in intensive care units nationwide than in spring, said Gaß.

“The second wave of the pandemic is already hitting the hospitals harder. At the moment there are also more (Covid-19) patients in the regular wards.

“This is because progress in treatments is making it possible to prevent a number of coronavirus patients from coming to intensive care units and needing to be ventilated. Overall, the burden on hospitals is very high.”

More rapid tests but no free test after travel

In the fight against the pandemic, more rapid tests are to be used – in nursing homes, clinics, hospitals and, after cases of infection, also in schools.

This is provided for in a new regulation by Health Minister Jens Spahn, which is to come into force this Wednesday.

Rapid tests are available in larger quantities compared to the PCR tests, which take longer to be evaluated. Samples of rapid tests do not have to be taken to labs.

However, these antigen tests are not considered to be as accurate as PCR tests. According to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), a positive result of a rapid test must be confirmed by a PCR test.

There are also changes to travel: people returning from coronavirus risk areas abroad will soon no longer be entitled to a free test in Germany.  The free tests will end on December 15th, DPA learned from Health Ministry circles.

What are the other changes?

The contact restrictions coming into force from Tuesday will be slightly relaxed for the days around Christmas. From December 23rd until January 1st, 10 people will be able to meet with family and friends, regardless of which household they come from.

However, some states have slightly different rules. For example in Berlin only five people can meet over the holidays. Schleswig-Holstein, on the other hand, is keeping to its max 10-person contact rule even before Christmas.

Baden-Württemberg also plans to shorten its relaxed-rules period to December 27th.

As was the case in November, schools and daycare centres (Kitas) will remain open. It was agreed that masks would be compulsory in lessons from the seventh grade onwards, depending on the regional virus numbers.

The maximum number of customers in shops has also been more strictly limited since December 1st. In shops with a sales area of up to 800 square metres, there should be a maximum of one person per 10 square metres. In larger shops, the additional space will be limited to one person per 20 square metres of sales area.

The number of new coronavirus infections on Tuesday was at the level of the previous week. The RKI recorded 13,604 cases within 24 hours, compared to 13,554 the previous week.

Within one day 388 people died in connection with the virus, bringing the total number of deaths to 16,636.

There have been a total of 1,067,473 confirmed coronavirus infections in Germany since the start of the pandemic.

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HEALTH

EXPLAINED: The new rules around getting a sick note over the phone in Germany

Due to high Covid infection numbers throughout the summer, it’s now possible to get a sick note from a doctor over the phone again for some illnesses. Here’s what you need to know.

EXPLAINED: The new rules around getting a sick note over the phone in Germany

What’s happened?

In spring 2020, German authorities changed the law so that people with a mild upper respiratory tract illness, such as the common cold, were able to get an incapacity to work certificate or AU-Bescheinigung by simply calling and speaking to their GP.

The rule was extended several times and finally reversed on June 1st this year due to falling infection figures. Since then people have had to go back to the practice – or do a video call if the doctor’s office has that system in place – to get a sick note.

Now, due to a decision by the Joint Federal Committee, the regulation has been reintroduced and patients can call their GP again for a sick note.

Can I get a sick note over the phone for any illness?

No. As before, the regulation only applies to patients suffering from a mild upper respiratory tract illness. Though Covid has not explicitly been named in the announcement, it seems that it is intended to be covered by the regulation.

If the doctor is convinced that the patient is unfit for work after a telephone consultation, then they can issue a sick note for up to seven days.

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: The changes around doctor’s notes in Germany you should know

If the symptoms persist after seven days, the certificate can be extended once more for another week.

Why now?

According to the Chairman of the G-BA, Josef Hecken, the regulation has been introduced now as a response to rising Covid numbers and in anticipation of the cold and flu season in the coming months: “We want to avoid full waiting rooms in doctors’ offices and the emergence of new infection chains,” he said.

The telephone sick leave rule is a simple, proven and uniform nationwide solution for that, he said. The rule is also necessary because video consultation hours are not yet available everywhere.

What else should I know?

The health insurer DAK is calling for telephone sick leave in the case of light respiratory diseases to be made possible on a permanent basis in Germany. DAK’s CEO Andreas Storm said that this should “not always be up for debate, because it has proven itself.” 

READ ALSO: Everything you need to know about making a doctor’s appointment in Germany

The social association VdK also welcomed the reintroduction of the rule. The VdK’s President Verena Bentele said that the regulation would help to protect high-risk groups in particular from potential infections.

What are the rules to know about sick notes in Germany?

Germany has a strict system in place. If you are sick, you need to give your employer a Krankmeldung (notification of sickness) before the start of work on the first day (of your illness).

However, you also need to hand in a Krankschreibung (doctor’s note) on the fourth day of your illness. Some employments contracts, however, require you to submit a sick not earlier than the fourth day so check with your boss or HR on that point. 

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