The proportion of people with a migration background in Germany is continuing to increase – but growth is slowing down, the new figures show.
According to Destatis, the number rose last year to 21.2 million people – or 26 percent of the population, which currently stands at about 83 million.
The number was a record high. However the increase in 2019 was 2.1 percent – the lowest level since 2011. In 2018 the figure was 20.8 million people.
Someone is considered to have a migrant background if they or at least one parent was born without German citizenship.
Of the 21.2 million, almost two-thirds (65 percent) – or 13.8 million people – have a migration background in another European country. Of those, 7.5 million have roots in other EU member states.
A total of 4.6 million people, or 22 percent, have roots in Asia, of which 3.2 million have a connection to the Middle East.
According to the data, almost one million people (five percent) have roots in Africa.
Around 568,000 people (three percent) have a migration background in North, Central and South America and Australia.
A total of 13 percent have roots in Turkey, followed by Poland (11 percent) and Russia (seven percent).
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More than half in cleaning jobs have migration background
In view of the coronavirus crisis, researchers placed a special focus this year on jobs. They found people with a migration background were overrepresented in frontline jobs where the risk of contracting Covid-19 is higher.
According to the survey, 55 percent of all employees in cleaning occupations had a migration background in 2019, with 38 percent working in warehouses (including mail and delivery and goods handling) and 38 percent in food and drink production.
Meanwhile, 30 percent of those employed in the care of the elderly had a migration background. Migrants and those with a migrant background were also slightly overrepresented in the sale of food in relation to the total population (28 percent).
By contrast, people with a migration background were underrepresented in medical health care professions (21 percent), in teaching at schools (11 percent) and in the police and criminal investigation services as well as the courts and prisons (7 percent).
The statistics, which are put together every year, were extrapolated from a micro-census which was undertaken in a select number of German households.
Number of migrants set to rise in Germany
In the next two decades every third person in Germany will have migrant roots or be a migrant themselves, according to experts.
By 2040, about 35 percent of Germany's population will have a migration background, according to Herbert Brücker, who is in charge of the migration research department at the Federal Institute for Employment Research (IAB).
Brücker told German daily Welt last November that the country “will become more diverse”.
He said: “Currently, about a quarter of the people in Germany have a migrant background. In 20 years, it will be at least 35 percent, but could also be more than 40 percent.”
Migration background – (der) Migrationshintergrund
Inhabitants/citizens – (die) Einwohner
Roots – (die) Wurzeln
Overrepresented – überrepräsentiert
Underrepresented – unterrepräsentiert
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