Race to succeed Merkel continues in the shadows of Germany’s coronavirus battle

Sporting events may be on hold in Germany, but the race to succeed Chancellor Angela Merkel is gathering pace as the country makes cautious progress in the fight against the coronavirus.

Race to succeed Merkel continues in the shadows of Germany's coronavirus battle
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, North Rhine-Westphalia's State Premier and Deputy Chairman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) Armin Laschet and Hesse's State Premier and CDU Deputy Chairman Volk

North-Rhine Westphalia state premier Armin Laschet, 59, and his Bavarian counterpart Markus Söder, 53, locked horns this week as Germany announced tentative steps to ease restrictions on public life.

Laschet and Söder head Germany's biggest states by population and area  respectively — and also the two worst hit by the coronavirus — and have played a key role in the decision to start reopening schools and smaller shops.

Yet the two prospective Merkel successors have clashed over the question of  how quickly Germany should relax its coronavirus curbs.

'Corona Kaiser'

Laschet is a prime candidate to be the next leader of Merkel's CDU party, having thrown his hat in the ring when the chancellor's hand-picked successor Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer stepped down earlier this year.

As head of the CDU's Bavarian sister party CSU, Söder also has a claim to  be put forward as the conservative alliance's candidate at elections scheduled  for autumn 2021, even if he has until now been coy about the prospect.

Söder held a conservative line as Germany mulled an extension to its  coronavirus shutdown this week, while Laschet urged a return to “responsible normality”.

With increased testing and the widespread distribution of masks, Laschet is hoping to revitalise the German economy quickly after it entered into recession this week.

He has also warned of collateral problems such as unemployment and a rise  in domestic violence, and his state government even suggested schools could  reopen from as early as next week, rather than the May 4th restart mooted  elsewhere.

That was quickly slapped down by Söder, who warned against “one-upmanship” in the race to relax restrictions.

Söder in April at a mask manufacturing operation in Bavaria. Photo: DPA

Yet Söder has placed himself front and centre in the coronavirus fight,  and has himself been accused of going it alone.

In March, Bavaria was the first of Germany's 16 states to introduce sweeping restrictions on public life, acting unilaterally while other states  hesitated.

And while state premiers agreed with Merkel to reopen schools gradually from May 4th, Soeder has decided to push back that start day by a week.

The moves angered his colleagues, but Söder's hard line has gone down well with Bavarians. A recent poll by public broadcaster BR put his approval rating  at 94 percent, earning him the nickname “Corona Kaiser”.

Mask gaffe

That popularity may yet rub off on a national level, argues political  scientist Gero Neugebauer of Berlin's Free University.

“For the conservative part of the German electorate, the attitude Soeder is  trying to present of a decisive leader could be attractive,” Neugebauer told  AFP.

Meanwhile Laschet, whose state was home to the first major outbreak of the virus in Germany, has cut a more uncertain figure.

He has appeared less frequently alongside Merkel. And in March, he was  derided by Germany's biggest-selling Bild daily as an example of “how not to  wear a mask” after he appeared at a hospital wearing a mask that failed to cover his nose.

Yet as Neugebauer also points out, not all German voters like a strongman.

“(People) have recently voted for the CDU/CSU because of Merkel and because of the party programme,” he said.

Laschet and his leadership running mate, health minister Jens Spahn, represent “continuity”, he added.

While Laschet and Soeder vie for supremacy, other candidates such as former environment minister Norbert Roettgen and long-time Merkel rival Friedrich Merz have had to take a step back.

Merz, previously the favourite among right-wing voters, is now merely “the man who sits on the board of one of Europe's biggest toilet paper producers”,  as Neugebauer put it.

In times of crisis, he added: “Germans will vote for the people…who they believe are competent and able to solve the problems at hand.”

By Mathieu Foulkes and Kit Holden

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EXPLAINED: The new rules around getting a sick note over the phone in Germany

Due to high Covid infection numbers throughout the summer, it’s now possible to get a sick note from a doctor over the phone again for some illnesses. Here’s what you need to know.

EXPLAINED: The new rules around getting a sick note over the phone in Germany

What’s happened?

In spring 2020, German authorities changed the law so that people with a mild upper respiratory tract illness, such as the common cold, were able to get an incapacity to work certificate or AU-Bescheinigung by simply calling and speaking to their GP.

The rule was extended several times and finally reversed on June 1st this year due to falling infection figures. Since then people have had to go back to the practice – or do a video call if the doctor’s office has that system in place – to get a sick note.

Now, due to a decision by the Joint Federal Committee, the regulation has been reintroduced and patients can call their GP again for a sick note.

Can I get a sick note over the phone for any illness?

No. As before, the regulation only applies to patients suffering from a mild upper respiratory tract illness. Though Covid has not explicitly been named in the announcement, it seems that it is intended to be covered by the regulation.

If the doctor is convinced that the patient is unfit for work after a telephone consultation, then they can issue a sick note for up to seven days.

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: The changes around doctor’s notes in Germany you should know

If the symptoms persist after seven days, the certificate can be extended once more for another week.

Why now?

According to the Chairman of the G-BA, Josef Hecken, the regulation has been introduced now as a response to rising Covid numbers and in anticipation of the cold and flu season in the coming months: “We want to avoid full waiting rooms in doctors’ offices and the emergence of new infection chains,” he said.

The telephone sick leave rule is a simple, proven and uniform nationwide solution for that, he said. The rule is also necessary because video consultation hours are not yet available everywhere.

What else should I know?

The health insurer DAK is calling for telephone sick leave in the case of light respiratory diseases to be made possible on a permanent basis in Germany. DAK’s CEO Andreas Storm said that this should “not always be up for debate, because it has proven itself.” 

READ ALSO: Everything you need to know about making a doctor’s appointment in Germany

The social association VdK also welcomed the reintroduction of the rule. The VdK’s President Verena Bentele said that the regulation would help to protect high-risk groups in particular from potential infections.

What are the rules to know about sick notes in Germany?

Germany has a strict system in place. If you are sick, you need to give your employer a Krankmeldung (notification of sickness) before the start of work on the first day (of your illness).

However, you also need to hand in a Krankschreibung (doctor’s note) on the fourth day of your illness. Some employments contracts, however, require you to submit a sick not earlier than the fourth day so check with your boss or HR on that point.