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REFERENDUM

Second Brexit referendum ‘more likely’ every day: Germany’s Justice Minister

The chances of a second referendum on Brexit are increasing every day, according to Germany’s Justice Minister Katarina Barley, who holds both British and German nationality.

Second Brexit referendum 'more likely' every day: Germany's Justice Minister
Katarina Barley, Germany's Justice Minister, in front of an EU poster in Oberkrämer, Brandenburg, on Friday. Photo: DPA

For language learners: we've highlighted some useful vocabulary in this news story. You'll find the German translations at the bottom of the article.

Centre-left Social Democrat (SPD) Barley spoke out during an interview with German broadcaster SWR on Tuesday, as MPs in the UK prepared to debate and vote on the next steps of Brexit. 

It comes after MPs overwhelmingly rejected Prime Minister Theresa May’s Brexit plan in a dramatic House of Commons vote on January 15th.

SEE ALSO: 'They voted against my way of living': Brits in Germany on life with Brexit

A delay in the March 29th exit date could be discussed, “But if you don’t have a plan for making it different, then a postponement makes only limited sense,” said Barley in the interview.

She added that a second referendum seemed quite possible. “I think this is getting more likely with every day,” she said.

Barley, who was born to a British father and German mother in Cologne and speaks fluent German, English and French, is the SPD's leading European candidate. She told Funke media group newspapers on Tuesday that the British government had “manoeuvred itself into a dead end”.

But a no-deal or disorderly Brexit can still be prevented, she said. “A way out of this muddled situation could be to let the British vote on the negotiated agreement themselves,” she said.

The Justice Minister, who has called previously for a second Brexit referendum, reiterated the position of the German government that there would be no changes to the content of the negotiated agreement. “Above all, we want to prevent a hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland so as not to jeopardize peace in the region,” Barley added.

The debate in the House of Commons on Tuesday is about how the government has responded to the rejection of its deal. MPs have tabled various amendments setting out what they think should happen. There are various possibilities of what could happen next, including a second vote by MPs, renegotiation, a referendum, a general election or a no-deal.

SEE ALSO: 'I am not alone': How Brexit's Facebook groups can be lifesaving therapy for anxious Britons

Brexit could hit data flow

Meanwhile, leading German business figures warned that a no-deal could cause havoc to the flow of data across borders. “If a hard Brexit comes, data traffic with a country like Uruguay will be easier than with the United Kingdom from March 30th”,  the president of the IT association Bitkom, Achim Berg, told Handelsblatt on Tuesday.

German companies would have to pay their British business partners or service providers this way as if they were based outside the EU, anything else would be a violation of the basic data protection regulation DSGVO, “with the known high risks of fines”, said Berg.

EU Commissioner Günter Verheugen said he thought there was now no chance of averting a chaotic Brexit. “The disaster is taking its course,”  the SPD politician told the Augsburger Allgemeine.

In the long run, the political damage caused by Brexit will be greater than the economic damage, Verheugen said.

“The loss of such a large and important country as Britain will massively reduce the international weight of the EU,” he said. He also said nationalists across Europe will also see Brexit as encouragement. “They want to destroy the EU,” Verheugen said.

German vocabulary

vorbereiten – to prepare

die Abstimmung –  vote 

die Verzögerung – delay

ein zweites Brexit-Referendum – a second Brexit referendum 

sich in eine Sackgasse manövriert – manoeuvred itself into a dead end

verfahrenen Situation – muddled situation 

der Inhalt – content

gefährden – to jeopardize

der harte Brexit – hard Brexit

das Unheil – disaster

We're aiming to help our readers improve their German by translating relevant vocabulary from our news stories of the day. Did you find articles like these useful? Do you have any suggestions? Let us know.

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BREXIT

How roaming charges will hit travellers between the UK and EU in 2022

Trips between Europe and the UK and vice versa may well become more expensive for many travellers in 2022 as UK mobile operators bring back roaming charges. However there is some good news for all EU residents.

People look at their mobile phones.
How travellers between the EU and UK could be hit by roaming charges in 2022 (Photo by Daniel LEAL / AFP)

EU ‘roams like at home’ at least until 2032

First the good news. The European Union is set to decide to extend free roaming until 2032, so if you have your phone contract registered in an EU country you don’t have to worry about extra charges.

In addition to waiving the charges, the new regulation aims to ensure that travellers benefit of the same quality of service they have at home when travelling within the EU. If they have a 5G contract, for instance, they should also get 5G through the EU if possible. 

Under new rules, travellers should be given information about access to emergency services, including for people with disabilities.

Consumers should also be protected from prohibitive bills caused by inadvertent roaming on satellite networks when travelling on ferries or aeroplanes.

The final text of the new regulation was provisionally agreed in December. The European Parliament and Council will formally endorse it in the coming weeks.

UK companies reintroducing roaming charges this year

And now the bad news for travellers to the EU from the UK

Customers of UK mobile phone operators face higher fees when travelling in Europe this year, as some companies are bringing back roaming charges for calls, text messages and data downloaded during temporary stays in the EU.

This is one of the many consequences of the UK withdrawal from the European Union. Because of Brexit, the UK is no longer part of the EU’s “roam like at home” initiative which was designed to avoid shocking bills after holidays or business trips abroad.

The EU’s roaming regulation allows people travelling in the European Economic Area (EU countries plus Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) to make calls, send texts and browse the web using their regular plans at no extra cost. Switzerland is not part of the scheme, although some mobile phone providers offer roaming deals or special prices to cover travel in Switzerland.

Under EU rules, if the plan’s allowance is exceeded, the roaming fee is also capped at €0.032 per minute of voice call, €0.01 per SMS and €2.5 + VAT per gigabyte downloaded in 2022 (it was €3 + VAT in 2021). The wholesale price networks can charge each other is capped too.

The regulation was adopted for an initial period of five years and is due to expire on June 30th 2022. But the EU is preparing to extend it for another ten years. This time, however, the UK will not be covered. 

Which UK companies are reintroducing charges?

Three major UK network operators this year will reintroduce roaming charges for travels in the EU.

As of January 6th 2022, Vodafone UK will charge customers with monthly plans started after August 11th 2021 £2 per day to roam in the EU. The amount can be reduced to £1 per day by purchasing a pass for 8 or 15 days. Free roaming continues for earlier contracts, Data Xtra plans and for travels to Ireland.  

From March 3rd 2022, EE will also charge £2 per day to roam in 47 European locations, Ireland excluded. The new policy will apply to plans started from July 7th 2021. Alternatively, EE offers the Roam Abroad Pass, which allows roaming abroad for a month for £10. 

Another operator that announced a £2 daily fee to roam in the EEA, except for Ireland, is Three UK. The charge will apply from May 23rd 2022 for plans started or upgraded since October 1st 2021. The data allowance in monthly plans that can be used abroad is also capped at 12 gigabytes. 

O2 already introduced in August last year a 25-gigabyte cap (or less if the plan’s allowance is lower) to data that can be downloaded for free while travelling in Europe. Above that, customers are charged £3.50 per gigabyte. 

Other mobile operators said they have no intention to bring back roaming charges in the short term, but if won’t be surprising if they do so in the future. 

Sue Davies, Head of Consumer Protection Policy at UK consumer organisation Which? was disappointed at the changes and urged the UK and EU to “strike a deal on roaming charges” to stop companies “chipping away at the roaming benefits customers have become used to” and “prevent the return of the excessive charges people used to encounter.” 

By law, charges for mobile data used abroad remain capped at £45 per month and consumers can only continue data roaming only if they actively chose to keep spending. 

What about EU residents travelling to the UK?

In the EU, most mobile phone operators seem keen to continue free roaming for travels to the UK, but some have announced changes too.

In Sweden, Telenor aligned UK’s prices to those of non-EEA countries on May 1st 2021 while still allowing free roaming for some plans. 

Another Swedish operator, Telia, ended free roaming with the UK and Gibraltar on September 13th 2021 giving customers the option to access 200 megabytes of data for SEK 99 per day. People travelling to the UK can also buy a weekly pass allowing to make calls, send texts and download 1 GB of data. 

In Germany Telefónica Deutschland and 1 & 1 have extended current conditions for the UK until at least the end of 2022. However companies may keep other options open depending on negotiations with roaming partners. 

A1 Telekom Austria brought roaming charges back for the UK last June. Customers now have to pay €2.49 per minute for outgoing calls and €1.49 per minute for incoming calls if they are in the UK or Gibraltar. An SMS costs 99 cents and each 100 KB of data €1.49. 

This article is published in cooperation with Europe Street News, a news outlet about citizens’ rights in the EU and the UK. 

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