Incorrect waste separation is becoming a problem for the German waste disposal and recycling industry.
In 2017, between 40 and 60 percent of plastic waste alone was thrown into the wrong bin, according to estimates by the Federal Association of Secondary Raw Materials (BVSE).
Quotas for waste in the form of paper and old textiles fare better at between 1 and 10 percent landing in the wrong bin, says BVSE spokeswoman Michaela Ziss.
The association distinguishes between two types of common misconduct among household residents: a “regular miss” and an “intelligent miss”.
If packaging lands in the organic waste bin with slightly mouldy quark or garden waste in a plastic bag, the BVSE calls this a “regular miss” and it is considered bad.
But it isn’t any better than an “intelligent miss,” such as when someone puts a plastic toilet brush in the yellow bin (which is intended exclusively for plastic packaging waste) thinking that they separated waste properly. A toilet brush or toys, even if they are made of plastic, are not meant to be thrown in the yellow bin.
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According to experts, large German cities in particular have problems with misthrows of organic waste and packaging waste compared to more rural regions and smaller cities.
Often what’s lacking is a basic understanding of the German waste separation system and consistent clarification.
Generally speaking, separate collection containers are available for the following types of waste: plastics, glass, paper, residual waste and organic waste. Locally, though, collection systems can vary.
Increasing migration could also be a reason for the reluctance to dispose of waste properly, a spokesman from the Association of Municipal Enterprises (VKU) said. The German recycling system is not easy for foreigners to understand and must first be explained to them, the spokesman added.
Another reason could be the fundamental trend that other environmental protection measures are displacing waste separation priorities from the consciousness of residents.
But the incorrect separation of rubbish is not considered an issue for all of those in the waste disposal industry.
“We have not observed an increase in misthrows,” said a spokesman for packaging recycling organization Grüne Punkt.