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2013 IN REVIEW

POLITICS

The Local’s top ten politics stories of 2013

The election year brought a bumper crop of politics stories, but issues outside of election wrangling including cyber-spying, drone building and a trial also appear in The Local's pick of 2013's political stories.

The Local's top ten politics stories of 2013
An FDP election poster is scrubbed off a billboard - the Free Democrats were ejected from parliament this year. Photo: DPA

Schavan resigns amid plagiarism affair

Angela Merkel's government took some flak in February when education minister Annette Schavan was stripped of her doctorate for plagiarizing part of her thesis. Schavan, who had been one of Merkel's closer allies in government, was the second cabinet member to be pushed out of office after being found to have plagiarized part of their degree. Ex-defence minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg suffered the same fate back in 2011.

Merkel ally faces heat for drone 'debacle'

Defence minister and close CDU colleague of Merkel, Thomas de Maizière was faced widespread criticism in June for failing to act earlier on a drone-building project which had to be scrapped at the last minute at a cost of over €500 million. The minister had often been tipped as a successor to the Chancellor, but most saw the drone "debacle" as scuppering his chances.

Merkel hails 'superb' election result

On September 22nd, it was Angela Merkel's Christian Union bloc which came out celebrating, and a triumphant yet characteristically sober Merkel thanked voters for putting her back in office for a third term. Whilst they finished shy of an absolute majority, the chancellor's party came out firmly on top – but their Free Democratic Party (FDP) allies were swept out of parliament.

Liberal leader quits after poor poll showing

The biggest losers in 2013's general election were the business-friendly FDP, who for the first time since 1949 won less than five percent of the vote and were thus unable to claim any seats in parliament. Since their disastrous election performance, most of the party's senior officials, including leader Philipp Rösler, have quit.

Far-left becomes third-biggest party

The socialists, Die Linke, rivalled the victorious CDU in their election-night jubilation as the left-wing party celebrated both the demise of their economic enemies the pro-business FDP and their own victory over the environmentalist Greens to become Germany's third-largest party. Both the centre-left SPD and Greens have described Die Linke as too extreme to cooperate with in government. But with the black-red (CDU and SPD) "grand coalition" set to lead Germany for the next four years, Gregor Gysi's socialist faction will be the country's main opposition party.

Germany believes US tapped Merkel's phone

The growing global controversy over cyber-surveillance projects by the US National Security Agency (NSA) and other national intelligence agencies came to a head in Germany when it emerged in late October the NSA had tapped the mobile phone of Chancellor Angela Merkel. The development led to dramatic scenes in the capital, with Merkel summoning the US ambassador as well as giving President Obama a dressing down. Later allegations surfaced that the US embassy housed a "spy station" from which it monitored the German government as well as other embassies.

Ex-president's 'favours' trial begins

November saw the beginning of ex-President Christian Wulff's trial. The 54-year-old stepped down as Germany's head of state last February, bowing to public pressure on him to resign after revelations about alleged misuse of his position for favours. Since Wulff was Angela Merkel's own golden boy and an unorthodox candidate, his troubled presidency and dishonourable discharge were expected to reflect badly on the Chancellor – but if they did, it was not enough to derail Merkel's re-election.

President boycotts Russia winter Olympics

In December President Joachim Gauck announced he would not be attending the winter Olympics at Sochi in Russia next February. Gauck, who had previously criticized the Russian government on several occasions, is presumed to have boycotted the games as a statement against the country's highly controversial law banning "pro-homosexual propaganda."

Merkel and SPD hail 'grand coalition' deal

After weeks of deliberation, with scheduled talks coming and going without agreement and speculation that Merkel's CDU could go in for an unprecedented coalition with the Greens, the agreement for a "grand coalition" between Union and SPD was finally signed on November 27th. But SPD leader Sigmar Gabriel still faced with the challenge of getting his own party to green-light the contract of compromises which would bring them into government.

Meet Merkel's new 'super cabinet'

Sunday December 15th brought news that, with the SPD party vote confirming the leaders' coalition plans, the line-up for Merkel's new "super-cabinet" could finally be unveiled. SPD leader Sigmar Gabriel was named vice-chancellor and CDU heavyweight Wolfgang Schäuble stayed put as finance minister. But there were a few surprises as Germany's two opposing main parties prepare to govern together for the first time since 2009.

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POLITICS

‘A good thing’ for footballers to express values, says France’s PM

France's Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne - speaking in Berlin - said that footballers should be allowed to express their values, amid controversy over FIFA's stance against the 'OneLove' armband on the pitch.

'A good thing' for footballers to express values, says France's PM

“There are rules for what happens on the field but I think it’s a good thing for players to be able to express themselves on the values that we obviously completely share, while respecting the rules of the tournament,” said Borne at a press conference in Berlin on Friday.

Germany’s players made headlines before Wednesday’s shock loss to Japan when the team lined up for their pre-match photo with their hands covering their mouths after FIFA’s threat to sanction players wearing the rainbow-themed armband.

Seven European nations, including Germany, had previously planned for their captains to wear the armband, but backed down over FIFA’s warning.

Following Germany’s action, Wales and the Netherlands have since come out to say they would not mirror the protest.

Borne’s visit to Germany was her first since she was named to her post in May.

Following talks with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, the two leaders signed an agreement for “mutual support” on “guaranteeing their energy supplies”.

Concrete measures outlined in the deal include France sending Germany gas supplies as Berlin seeks to make up for gaping holes in deliveries from Russia.

Germany meanwhile would help France “secure its electricity supplies over winter”, according to the document.

France had since 1981 been a net exporter of electricity to its neighbours because of its nuclear plants. But maintenance issues dogging the plants have left France at risk of power cuts in case of an extremely cold winter.

The two leaders also affirmed their countries’ commitment to backing Ukraine “to the end of” its conflict with invaders Russia.

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