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Catholics demand reform ahead of pope visit

The Local · 21 Sep 2011, 10:10

Published: 21 Sep 2011 10:10 GMT+02:00

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Grievances over the Vatican's "out of touch" attitudes towards sexuality and the family are likely to underlie the pontiff's three-day visit to Berlin, Erfurt and Freiburg.

While Benedict is not expected to make any concessions to demands for the Church's rules to be modernised, the Holy See is well aware of growing dissent – particularly in Germany, Austria and German-speaking Switzerland.

Frustration with the Church's staunch adherence to tradition came to the fore in Germany after the Second Vatican Council (1962-65), with the rise of reform movements such as "We Are Church" pushing for change.

Now nearly 150 German, Austrian and Swiss theologians are calling for significant changes, from accepting divorce, female priests and married ministers, to acknowledging gay couples and giving lay people greater roles.

In Germany, where the Protestant and Catholic communities are roughly the same size, much emphasis is placed on rights linked to personal life choices. The close proximity of the two faiths has also turned the country into a sort of laboratory for Christian thought.

Young Catholics – who often marry Protestants – are increasingly seeking the sort of freedoms enjoyed by the Protestant faith where women can become priests, ministers can marry and homosexuality and divorce are accepted.

The cleric sex abuse scandal has done nothing to help the Church's position.

"Protestantism is generally considered 'progressive,' and in touch with the times," German historian and specialist Etienne Francois said.

There is "the idea that being celibate goes against nature, that the institution is nothing but an old, anachronistic machine which blocks the evangelical message and which needs to be profoundly modernised," he said.

While the tension between conservatives and progressives within the Roman Catholic Church goes back decades, it flared up once again at the start of the 2000s, when the Vatican ordered the Church in Germany to stop its involvement in abortion advice centres.

The head of the Episcopal Conference, Robert Zollitsch, who suggested in 2008 that celibacy for priests could be reviewed, has called for divorced people – such as the German President and member of the Christian Democratic Union party, Christian Wulff – to be able to take communion.

The rising number of Catholics who are adopting liberal positions worries the Vatican. In Austria, an appeal for disobedience – signed by 330 authors – was judged to be "justified" by three quarters of the population.

Story continues below…

The pope, say those who know him well, is very aware of the "wound" caused by the number of faithful divorcees, but a change in position is nonetheless improbable – and the same goes for recognising gay Christians.

The Holy See insists that Benedict XVI "proposes" rather than "imposes" teachings and that his speeches avoid moral condemnations and reflect his respect for freedom.

As for the question of female priests, a salient issue in Germany, the pope points to the Gospels – in particular the fact that Jesus was surrounded by unmarried male apostles – to insist that a reform is not in his power.


The Local (news@thelocal.de)

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Your comments about this article

13:55 September 21, 2011 by auslanderus
I think people needs to read there bible more often. No where in the bible does it say (A) that it's ok to be gay and (2) nor does it say anything about women being priest's. Call me old fashion or what ever but we needs to hold the bible up to truths and not human wants.
15:05 September 21, 2011 by LiberalGuy

I think people have a problem with verses like this in the bible.

Leviticus 24:14

Take the blasphemer outside the camp. All those who heard him are to lay their hands on his head, and the entire assembly is to stone him

Deuteronomy 21:20-21

They shall say to the elders, ¦quot;This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious. He will not obey us. He is a glutton and a drunkard.

Then all the men of his town are to stone him to death. You must purge the evil from among you. All Israel will hear of it and be afraid.

Just saying. The message is important, not the literal words
15:26 September 21, 2011 by jbaker
Beware of what is written and told of by man. Man has rewritten the bible and other religious books for as long as they have been in existence.

It's all about Control You Know.

There are good messages hidden in the literal words. How we interpret them is the key.
16:43 September 21, 2011 by Englishted
"the pope points to the Gospels ­ in particular the fact that Jesus was surrounded by unmarried male apostles ­ to insist that a reform is not in his power."

Does the pope know they were all Jews, but somebody had power to change that? .
21:40 September 21, 2011 by moonpin
Doesn't the pope look incredibly evil? If I chanced to meet him in person and didn't already know that he was a pope or something I would faint even to thinking I had come face to face with an angel of death...

No personal comments here but I tend to think a lot more old and even ugly people look so amiable, pleasant, nice...why doesn't he...considering he is the nicest man in some regards on earth?
21:45 September 21, 2011 by TheCrownPrince
I'm no Catholic, but I admit I would have my problems with men in women's clothing telling me what to do.
22:06 September 21, 2011 by derExDeutsche
Yes ! I demand legitimacy for the male Nuns !

If the pope knew what was good for 'the church', he'd better listen. I would imagine that opening the church to openly Gay Priests, would be good for PR and influence building. Which in turn = more €€€ .
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