Berlin production brings theatre to youth offenders

Can theatre be therapeutic? Ben Knight visits Kaspar H. – the latest prison production performed by inmates of the young offender’s detention centre in Berlin.

Berlin production brings theatre to youth offenders
Photo: Thomas Aurin

Once you’ve gone through the security airlock at the entrance, given your mobile phone to a suspicious-looking man in uniform, and exchanged your ID card for a visitor’s pass, the venue is like any assembly hall in a school. The seating is made of chairs linked together on a raked podium, there’s a bare stage, and the visitor’s hall that serves as a foyer contains vending machines and a cabinet displaying the results of handicraft workshops.

But this is Berlin’s Jugendstrafanstalt, or juvenile detention centre. The place had a shot of negative media attention last year when a documentary by public broadcaster ARD claimed chronic under-staffing meant that the prison staff tolerated drug smuggling at the institution. This controversy stoked all the recurring tabloid fears about youth crime and the attendant beliefs about society’s moral decline. But a new production by aufBruch theatre company is an antidote to these prejudices, attempting with its unique Brecht-inspired aesthetic to break the walls between society and its outcasts.

A young offender’s centre offers more opportunities for self-improvement than a regular prison making it more difficult for the company to stage a play. “It’s a lot harder than directing adult prisoners,” says aufBruch’s long-time director Peter Atanassow, explaining they’ve being producing shows at Berlin’s Tegel prison for 11 years.

“We’ve established an ensemble of long-term prisoners who know what to expect from us there, and that we demand a professional level of commitment. Here there’s a lot of competition and sometimes they just don’t do what you say.”

But what he has to offer the young prisoners is unique: the aufBruch theatre company has established a strong and respected reputation for taking on stories that mirror a prisoner’s own situation. And this is certainly appreciated by inmates.

“I really enjoy it, and I’m definitely going to try and do more theatre when I leave here,” says one of the performers, known by his nickname Blizz.

The current production is called Kaspar H. and it maintains the peculiar tension of all aufBruch’s productions – it is as much about the inmates themselves as about the ostensible subject matter. The audience is not asked to ponder the sensational rumours of a mysterious foundling’s lineage or the unimaginable conditions of his confinement. This is not the conventional re-telling of Kaspar Hauser’s story.

Hauser’s tale has been told often enough to become a recurrent myth in German literature, perhaps culminating in Werner Herzog’s 1974 movie “The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser.”

In 1828, a 16-year-old boy was left on a street in Nuremberg in front of a cavalry officer’s house. He spoke only one sentence: “I want to become a rider like my father once was” and could only write his name. Once he had been taught to speak, he claimed he had been kept in a two-metre wide cell all his life and that he had not seen another human being until shortly before his release, his food being left by his bed while he slept. He quickly became a celebrity, attracted rumours and excited speculation of noble birth, and almost won the patronage of an English lord, before he died aged 21 of what may have been a self-inflicted knife wound.

AufBruch’s focus is on Hauser’s position as a social outcast, and the methods society develops to try to bring outcasts like him back in. “Whether we live in a totalitarian society or a democratic society, there will always be people who fall through the net,” Atanassow says.

Kaspar H. the show is a non-linear collage about re-integration and education, and the effects this has on young men. The young men, all dressed in white, with black boots and braces, speak in chorus or watch as one of them addresses the audience. Dialogue is kept to a minimum, and conventional scenes where someone is “playing” someone else, are non-existent. The audience is never allowed to let go of the metaphorical significance of the situation of the performers, and Atassanaw explains that they were encouraged during rehearsal to adapt and invent texts and new elements.

Thus, the show includes raps, songs (backed by an excellent band of students of the Fanny Hensel music school in Mitte), dance, martial arts and plenty of choral speaking, all in a Babel-like collection of languages.

The spoken chorus is aufBruch’s recurring theme and defining technique and a large part of rehearsal is spent on perfecting it – long texts become powerful, mesmerising chants. The effect it has here is to widen the meaning of Kaspar Hauser’s story. In this show, he is not one strange, isolated boy, but a group of young men dressed uniformly and locked into a disciplined routine. Here, Hauser’s fate is not an exception. He is not a scandal or a sensation, he is like any number of exiles trying to find a way in.

But just like the real Hauser, these boys are not immune to dreams and a sense of their own specialness. At one point in the show, they echo Hauser’s introductory statement of ambition, “I want to become a rider, like my father once was,” and enhance it with their own dreams: “I want to become a racing driver like Michael Schuhmacher once was.” And: “I want to become an actor like James Dean once was,” until finally one voice chimes in: “Whatever happens, I don’t want to become what I have been so far.”

AufBruch is always careful to avoid the conception that their work is meant to reform, and Atanassow was keen to point out that this was a line the boy had invented himself, but it added a starkly affecting moment to a strictly formalist piece of theatre.


Kultursaal der Jugendstrafanstalt Berlin

Friedrich-Olbricht-Damm 40


Wed, 03.12.2008

Fri, 05.12.2008

Wed, 10.12.2008

Fri, 12.12.2008

Time: 5:30 pm, last entrance 5:15pm

Tickets only available in advance from the Kasse of the Volksbühne.


‘Unprecedented’: How explosions and fires have rocked Berlin’s Grunewald forest

An "unprecedented" fire broke out on Thursday around a German police munitions storage site in a Berlin forest. Here's how events unfolded and the reaction.

'Unprecedented': How explosions and fires have rocked Berlin's Grunewald forest

What happened?

Emergency services were called out after explosions were heard in the ‘Grunewald’ forest in western Berlin in the early hours of Thursday morning. 

It then emerged that a fire had broken out near a police munitions storage site, all on one of the hottest days of the year when temperatures were forecast to reach around 38C in the German capital. 

As explosions continued at the site, sending debris flying into the air, firefighters weren’t initially able to get near the flames to extinguish it. Emergency services set up a 1,000-metre safety zone around the area.

This aerial photo taken by the Berlin Fire Brigade shows the fire in Grunewald.

This aerial photo taken by the Berlin Fire Brigade shows the fire in Grunewald. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/Berliner Feuerwehr

Later on Thursday afternoon, Berlin fire brigade spokesman Thomas Kirstein said the situation was “under control and there was no danger for Berliners” but that the fire was expected to last for some time.

No one has been hurt by the fires. Around 250 emergency workers were deployed to the site.

READ ALSO: Blasts ring out as forest fire rages in Berlin’s Grunewald

How was the fire being tackled?

The German army (Bundeswehr) was called in. They sent a tank aimed at evacuating munitions at the affected storage site as well as remote-controlled de-mining robots, while drones circled the air to assess the emergency.

Water cannons were also deployed around the safety zone to prevent the fire from spreading.

Berlin mayor Franziska Giffey interrupted her holiday to visit the scene, calling the events “unprecedented in the post-war history of Berlin”.

Giffey advised people in Berlin to close their windows but said the danger was minimal as there were no residential buildings within a two-kilometre (1.2-mile) radius and so no need to issue evacuation orders.

Berlin mayor Franziska Giffey speaks at the scene of the forest fire on Thursday

Berlin mayor Franziska Giffey speaks at the scene of the forest fire on Thursday. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Wolfgang Kumm

“It would be much more difficult if there were residential buildings nearby,” she said.

What caused the blaze?

That’s still unclear. Police say they are investigating what started the fire exactly. 

The store in question holds munitions uncovered by police, but also unexploded World War II-era ordnance which is regularly dug up during construction works.

Giffey said local authorities would “have to think about how to deal with this munitions site in the future and whether such a place is the right one in Berlin”.

Is Grunewald a popular site?

Very much so. The sprawling forest on the edge of Berlin is home to lots of hiking trails and is even near some popular lakes, such as the Krumme Lanke. It’s also near the Wannsee and Havel river. 

Map shows where the fire broke out in Berlin's Grunewald

Map shows where the fire broke out in Berlin’s Grunewald. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/dpa Grafik | dpa-infografik GmbH

Authorities appealed for the public to avoid the forest, which is regularly visited by both locals and tourists.

Deutsche Bahn said regional and long-distance transport was disrupted due to the blaze.

A part of the Avus motorway between Spanischer Allee and Hüttenweg was also closed in both directions, as well as Kronprinzessinnenweg and Havelchaussee, according to the Berlin traffic centre.

Aren’t forest fires and strong heat causing problems elsewhere?

Yes. Authorities on Thursday said no firefighting choppers were available as they were already in use to calm forest fires in eastern Germany.

However, they also said the 1,000-metre safety zone applied to the air, so there was a limit to how useful it would be to drop water on the fire from above.

The German capital is rarely hit by forest fires, even though its 29,000 hectares of forests make it one of the greenest cities in the world.

Brandenburg, the region surrounding Berlin, as well as parts of eastern Germany have for days been battling forest fires.

Parts of Germany were also recently hit by forest fires during heatwaves this summer. 

Temperatures were expected to climb as high as 40C across parts of Germany on Thursday. However, it is set to cool down on Friday and thunderstorms are set to sweep in from the west.

With reporting by AFP’s David COURBET