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EMPLOYMENT

Rürup says full employment possible in a decade

Full employment in Germany could step from the shadows of May Day wishful thinking to reality within a decade, the government’s chief economics "wise man" Bert Rürup said on Thursday.

Rürup says full employment possible in a decade
Rürup says unemployment can drop lower. Photo:DPA

Rürup said an unemployment rate of four percent – widely considered full employment by economists – could be attainable if current labour law reforms were continued and extended.

Speaking in an interview with the regional German daily, Westdeutschen Zeitung, Rürup said, “When I was studying, in 1968/69, one spoke of full employment in Germany when the unemployment was less than one percent. Today you would speak of full employment when the unemployment rate reached or was under four percent. And four percent is possible in the coming decade in Germany, but not in this economic cycle right now, which is losing dynamism.”

He warned the government not to waste the reform dividends of the last government, which had set the scene for large changes, and called for a successor to the Agenda 2010 set of reforms.

The new reforms should include the possibility for labour unions to help in job creation, for more flexible dismissal procedures and the further development of social security provision to bridge the gap between low wages and state support.

ddp/dpa

ECONOMY

German consumer prices set to rise steeply amid war in Ukraine

Russia's war in Ukraine is slowing down the economy and accelerating inflation in Germany, the Ifo Institute has claimed.

German consumer prices set to rise steeply amid war in Ukraine

According to the Munich-based economics institute, inflation is expected to rise from 5.1 to 6.1 percent in March. This would be the steepest rise in consumer prices since 1982.

Over the past few months, consumers in Germany have already had to battle with huge hikes in energy costs, fuel prices and increases in the price of other everyday commodities.

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With Russia and Ukraine representing major suppliers of wheat and grain, further price rises in the food market are also expected, putting an additional strain on tight incomes. 

At the same time, the ongoing conflict is set to put a dampener on the country’s annual growth forecasts. 

“We only expect growth of between 2.2 and 3.1 percent this year,” Ifo’s head of economic research Timo Wollmershäuser said on Wednesday. 

Due to the increase in the cost of living, consumers in Germany could lose around €6 billion in purchasing power by the end of March alone.

With public life in Germany returning to normal and manufacturers’ order books filling up, a significant rebound in the economy was expected this year. 

But the war “is dampening the economy through significantly higher commodity prices, sanctions, increasing supply bottlenecks for raw materials and intermediate products as well as increased economic uncertainty”, Wollmershäuser said.

Because of the current uncertainly, the Ifo Institute calculated two separate forecasts for the upcoming year.

In the optimistic scenario, the price of oil falls gradually from the current €101 per barrel to €82 by the end of the year, and the price of natural gas falls in parallel.

In the pessimistic scenario, the oil price rises to €140 per barrel by May and only then falls to €122 by the end of the year.

Energy costs have a particularly strong impact on private consumer spending.

They could rise between 3.7 and 5 percent, depending on the developments in Ukraine, sanctions on Russia and the German government’s ability to source its energy. 

On Wednesday, German media reported that the government was in the process of thrashing out an additional set of measures designed to support consumers with their rising energy costs.

The hotly debated measures are expected to be finalised on Wednesday evening and could include increased subsidies, a mobility allowance, a fuel rebate and a child bonus for families. 

READ ALSO: KEY POINTS: Germany’s proposals for future energy price relief

In one piece of positive news, the number of unemployed people in Germany should fall to below 2.3 million, according to the Ifo Institute.

However, short-time work, known as Kurzarbeit in German, is likely to increase significantly in the pessimistic scenario.

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