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Turkish support in Germany for Erdogan fuels integration debate

AFP
AFP - [email protected]
Turkish support in Germany for Erdogan fuels integration debate
A car with a Turkish flag drives along Ludwigstraße in Munich to celebrate Erdogan's electoral victory. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Felix Hörhager

Strong backing for President Recep Tayyip Erdogan among Turks in Germany in last weekend's historic election has sparked renewed soul-searching about whether Berlin's attempts to integrate the minority are failing.

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There were scenes of jubilation in some German cities after Erdogan extended his two decade rule in Sunday's runoff vote, with cars decked out with flags driving through the streets and honking.

Germany -- home to the world's biggest Turkish community overseas -- had about 1.5 million registered voters in the polls, and Erdogan received some 67 percent of votes cast.

That is far above the 52 percent share of the vote Turkey's longest-serving leader garnered at home, where he had to overcome strong competition from secular challenger Kemal Kilicdaroglu.

That so many voters in a liberal European democracy opted for a ruler frequently accused of pursuing increasingly authoritarian policies sparked fresh debate over Berlin's integration policies.

Most of those celebrating Erdogan's victory in Germany "were born here, went to school here, enjoy freedom and prosperity, but consider the 'West' the realm of evil," read a commentary piece in conservative daily the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.

"It is a truism that is now being echoed from left to right -- something is going wrong with integration in Germany."

READ ALSO: Are Germany's Turkish voters more likely to back Erdogan?

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The results fed into a political row on a plan by the coalition government, led by the left-leaning SPD, to ease the path to gaining German citizenship and make it easier to become a dual citizen, which is almost impossible under current rules.

"After this Turkish election, the (coalition) should finally have understood: 'turbo naturalisation' and dual citizenship for all are the wrong way," Andrea Lindholz, a lawmaker from the right-wing CSU party told the Bild tabloid.

But Islam expert Ahmad Mansour argued the result should not stop the rules on dual citizenship being changed -- as most of those who voted only held Turkish citizenship and were banned from having two passports.

'Emotional approach'

Erdogan's success in Germany was helped in large part by well-organised, and well funded overseas organisations, said Gokay Sofuoglu, chairman of the Turkish Community in Germany, which advocates for greater rights for those of Turkish origin.

"Of course, they can mobilise a lot of people," he told AFP.

Erdogan was presented as a strong, successful leader in a way that would appeal to Turks in Germany, many of whom are descended from so-called "guest workers" who arrived under an economic programme in the 1960s and '70s, and hailed from rural, conservative communities.

READ ALSO: Turks in Germany hope for citizenship law overhaul

Turkish flag Berlin Kottbusser Tor
A Turkish flag hangs from a balcony near Berlin's Kottbusser Tor. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Annette Riedl

While many Turks in modern-day Germany have high levels of education, good jobs and decent incomes, critics say some can still feel disillusioned by relatively low levels of participation in politics and civil society.

In contrast to Erdogan's "emotional approach" to the Turkish community in Europe's most populous country, Germany appeared to have little to offer, said Eren Guvercin, a Turkish journalist living in the country.

Those who are not seeking to develop "counter-offers" to build up "emotional access" to Turks in Germany, "should not be surprised that Erdogan fills this gap," he added.

'Conservative attitudes'

As Germany sought to get back on its feet after World War II, hundreds of thousands of Turks came over to work in industries ranging from construction to car-making.

Times were often tough for the newcomers, many of whom earned lower salaries than Germans and lived in low-quality housing. But many stayed and brought family members over, and are now an integral party of society.

Germany is home to about three million people of Turkish origin, although many hold only German citizenship, due to the current ban on dual nationalities for migrants from non-EU states.

Turkish election polling station Germany

A polling station in Hannover displays a Turkish flag during the Turkish elections. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Julian Stratenschulte

Despite the worries triggered by the weekend election results, some argue that the backing for Erdogan in Germany should not ring alarm bells.

Many of the best integrated Turks have in fact taken on German nationality over the years, which excluded them from the vote, observers note.

The result also fits with a trend of strong support for the leader among Turks in other parts of Europe where, as in Germany, migrant communities originally came from rural communities, Yunus Ulusoy, from the Centre for Turkish Studies at the University of Duisburg-Essen, told AFP.

READ ALSO: Turkish diaspora voters head to the polls in Germany

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"They brought conservative, religious attitudes with them to the countries where they migrated," he said.

In countries like the United States and Britain, where Turkish migrants usually hail from more affluent backgrounds, the opposition typically performs better, he added.

By Sam Reeves

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Comments (1)

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Lyssa in Mainz 2023/06/02 07:28
A common saying, "You don't know the value of something until it's gone". These voters don't live under tyranny and authoritarian rule, but theocracy sounds good to them. I met many fans of the Soviet Union. They never lived there. They don't know. The same problem applies here. Integration is not the only issue.

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