Two German states stop enforcing mandatory Covid-19 isolation

People infected with Covid-19 in Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg will no longer have to go into isolation as of Wednesday.

Face mask Nurenburg.
A face mask lies on the floor of a public pool in Nuremberg. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/Deutsche Presse-Agentur GmbH | Daniel Karmann

“Protective measures for those tested positive will take the place of mandatory isolation,” said Bavarian Health Minister Klaus Holetschek (CSU) on Tuesday. 

A mask-wearing obligation and entry bans, for example in medical and nursing facilities, will still be required for anyone infected who tests positive for Covid-19 from Wednesday.

In neighboring Baden-Württemberg, infected people will also be required to wear masks outside their own homes for five days, the Ministry of Health in Stuttgart announced on Tuesday. 

“Basically, if you are sick and have symptoms, you should also stay at home and take sick leave, just as before,” said Baden-Württemberg Health Minister Manne Lucha of the Greens.

Holetschek defended the decision to lift the isolation requirement, saying that the new protective measures were made in consultation with experts.

“What is clear is that we are not giving the pandemic free rein,” he said, adding that the new regulations are a balance between personal responsibility and the protection of vulnerable groups of people.

The German Patient Protection Foundation, however, criticised the regulations as “contradictory” and “chaotic,” questioning how they would be effectively enforced.

Representatives of the Bavarian teachers’ associations called for clear and enforceable rules, as well as a clear definition of what “sick” or “contagious” meant. 

The Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education in Munich had previously announced that, “anyone who is sick does not go to school.”

The Bavarian Economic Advisory Council, on the other hand, called the end of the isolation requirement “the right step at the right time.”

The two southern states, as well as Hesse and Schleswig-Holstein, had announced that they would be repealing the isolation requirement last week. 

READ ALSO: Four German states call for end to mandatory Covid isolation

Hesse left the exact date of the rule change open. In Germany’s northernmost state of Schleswig-Holstein, which has also announced it will end a mask wearing requirement on public transportation as of January, the isolation requirement is expected to be lifted on Thursday.

As of Wednesday, Bavaria had a 7-day-incidence of 140 cases per 100,000 people, while Baden-Württemberg had a 7-day-incidence of 157, according to the Robert Koch Institute. Germany-wide, the weekly incidence stands at 204.

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Bavaria signals end to compulsory masks on public transport

Bavaria's state premier Markus Söder (CSU) has announced plans for a "prompt" end to mandatory masks on buses and trains.

Bavaria signals end to compulsory masks on public transport

If infection levels and hospitalisations remain low, the end of the mask-wearing rule could come as soon as December or January.

“We are convinced that the mask requirement in public transport could also be phased out either in mid-December or early next year, if the numbers remain reasonably stable and there are no new mutations,” Söder explained on Monday, following a meeting with the CSU executive committee. 

A decision on when to end the measure would be made “promptly”, he added.

The CSU politician had said last week that the sinking infection rates meant that compulsory masks were no longer appropriate and that the mandate could be changed to a recommendation. 

No set date for change

The latest version of Bavaria’s Infection Protection Act – which lays out an obligation to wear masks on public transport as one of the few remaining Covid rules – is currently due to expire on December 9th.

State ministers could decide whether to let obligatory masks on buses and trains lapse on this date as early as next week, or they could decide to initially extend the legislation and set an alternative date for ending the rule.

Regardless of their decision, FFP2 masks will continue to be mandatory on long-distance public transport until at least April next year, when the nationwide Infection Protection Act is due to expire.

READ ALSO: KEY POINTS: Germany’s new Covid-19 rules from October

Speaking to Süddeutsche Zeitung on Monday after the meeting of the Council of Ministers, Florian Herrmann (CSU), head of the State Chancellery, confirmed that Covid-19 had been discussed in passing.

However, no decisions or discussions were made on how to proceed after the expiry of the regulation, he said.

According to Herrmann, the fact that Covid was no longer the “dominant topic” in the cabinet under “enormous tension” shows “that we are returning to normality” in a gradual transition from pandemic to endemic. 

As of Wednesday, the 7-day incidence of Covid infections per 100,000 people stood at 108 in Bavaria, down from 111 the previous day. However, experts have cast doubt on how meaningful the incidence is in light of the fact that fewer people are taking tests.

Nevertheless, the 133 hospital beds occupied by Covid patients in the Free State falls well below the 600 threshold for a ‘red alert’. With Omicron causing less severe courses of illness than previous variants, politicians have increasingly focussed on hospitalisation statistics to gauge the severity of the situation.

‘A risk-benefit trade-off’

Bavaria is the second federal state to announce plans to relax its mask-wearing rules in recent weeks.

On November 14th, the northern state of Schleswig-Holstein announced that it would be ending obligatory FFP2 masks on public transport and urged other states to do the same. From January 2023, masks on public transport will only be recommended rather than mandated for passengers on local buses and trains. 

However, the Federal Ministry of Health has urged states not to loosen their rules too quickly.

Given that infection rates are likely to spike again in winter, “there’s no basis for loosening restrictions”, said Health Minister Karl Lauterbach (SPD).

Physicians are also split on whether an end to masks on public transport is appropriate.

READ ALSO: Will Germany get rid of masks on public transport?

Health Minister Karl Lauterbach

Health Minister Karl Lauterbach (SPD) speaks at the German Hospital Day in Düsseldorf on November 14th. Lauterbach is against the lifting of the mask-wearing rule. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Roberto Pfeil

Christoph Spinner, a virologist at the University Hospital in Munich, told Süddeutsche Zeitung he believed it was time to put the decision on mask-wearing back into the hands of individuals.

“Why not? The incidences are low, the danger of Covid-19 has dropped significantly and mortality has also decreased,” he said. 

But the Bavarian General Practitioners’ Association spoke out against the move, arguing that – unlike a trip to a restaurant or cinema – people often have no choice but to travel on public transport.

“If the obligation to wear a mask in public transport is maintained, this will help to protect against a Covid infection on the way to work by bus or train – especially in view of the discontinuation of the obligation to isolate in the event of a Covid infection,” they explained.

Bavaria is one of four states to have recently ended mandatory isolation for people who test positive for Covid. Baden-Württemberg and Schleswig-Holstein both scrapped their isolation mandate last week, while Hesse removed its obligation on Tuesday. 

READ ALSO: Four German states call for end to mandatory Covid isolation