Could a €29 ticket replace Germany’s €9 transport offer?

Politicians and consumer organisations are floating the idea of a €29 monthly public transport ticket coming into force after the hugely successful €9 ticket expires.

A customer holds a €9 ticket in Frankfurt.
A customer holds a €9 ticket in Frankfurt. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Arne Dedert

People in Germany can use public transport across the country for just €9 per month until the end of August. So it’s no wonder that everyone is wondering what will happen after the offer ends. 

Now a new idea for a €29 monthly ticket is being talked about. 

The Berlin Green party said the “success” of the €9 ticket shows “people’s desire for new uncomplicated solutions for local public transport”.

“Future-proof mobility must be considered nationwide,” said Oda Hassepaß, the party’s spokesperson for pedestrian and bicycle transport. “Now is the right time for a follow-up ticket that will enable people to use public transport permanently, cheaply and nationwide.” 


The party in Berlin says a €29 ticket would be a simple solution which would continue the success of the €9 offer, but also ensure more funding for transport companies than the current set up.

Hassepaß told Taz newspaper: “The ticket should be valid throughout Germany on local transport so that there is no tariff chaos.

“The €9 ticket is well received and simple – to let this moment pass and not offer a connecting scheme for people would be a massive step backwards.”

The Greens also support further investments in public transport by setting other priorities in transport policy.

For example, they are calling for higher parking fees, the abolition of company car subsidies, getting rid of the e-car premium and the introduction of city tolls.

The Federal Association of Consumer Centres has also touted the concept of the €29 ticket from September onwards. The associations sees the proposal as a first step towards accommodating customers – but also called for further subsidies to make local transport more attractive.

Marion Jungbluth, head of the Mobility Team, said: “We simply need it because we also want to do climate protection urgently and seriously. And as counter-financing, we could also imagine reducing the e-car premium.”

Initial evaluations of the ticket show that there has been an increase in the number of rail journeys since the ticket was introduced.


Other public transport ticket proposals being discussed in Germany at the moment include a €365 annual ticket, which would see people people pay €1 per day for travel, and a ‘Klimaticket’.

READ ALSO: Less traffic, more ticket sales: How the €9 offer has impacted Germany

Member comments

  1. Anything between 30 and 50 euros is a good deal for public to be able to travel across country and it doesn’t deplete government coffers.

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‘Double processing time’: Austria and Germany fear non-EU travellers face border delays

Germany, Austria and another of other countries in Europe's Schengen area admit they fear delays and insufficient time to test the process ahead of new, more rigorous EU border checks that will be introduced next year, a new document reveals.

'Double processing time': Austria and Germany fear non-EU travellers face border delays

Schengen countries are tightening up security at the external borders with the introduction of a new digital system (EES) to record the entry and exit of non-EU citizens in May 2023.

The EES will enable the automatic scanning of passports replacing manual stamping by border guards. It will register the person’s name, type of the travel document, biometric data (fingerprints and facial images) and the date and place of entry and exit. The data will be kept in a centralised database on a rolling three-year basis that is re-set at each entry. 

What the EES is intended to do is increase border security, including the enforcement of the 90-day short-stay limit for tourists and visitors. EU citizens and third-country nationals who reside in a country of the Schengen area will not be subject to such checks.

READ ALSO: Foreigners living in EU not covered by new EES border checks

But given its scale, the entry into operation of the system has been raising concerns on many fronts, including the readiness of the physical and digital infrastructure, and the time required for border checks, which could subsequently cause massive queues at borders.

A document on the state of preparations was distributed last week by the secretariat of the EU Council (the EU institution representing member states) and published by Statewatch, a non-profit organisation that monitors civil liberties.

The paper contains the responses from 21 member states to a questionnaire about potential impacts on passenger flows, the infrastructure put in place and the possibility of a gradual introduction of the new system over a number of months.

This is what certain the countries have responded. Responses from Denmark, Spain and Sweden do not appear in the report but the answers from other countries will be relevant for readers in those countries.

READ ALSO: What the EU’s new EES border check system means for travel

‘Double processing time’

Austria and Germany are the most vocal in warning that passport processing times will increase when the EES will become operational.

“The additional tasks resulting from the EES regulation will lead to a sharp increase in process times”, which are expected to “double compared to the current situation,” Austrian authorities say. “This will also affect the waiting times at border crossing points (in Austria, the six international airports),” the document continues.

“Furthermore, border control will become more complicated since in addition to the distinction between visa-exempt and visa-required persons, we will also have to differentiate between EES-required and EES-exempt TCN [third country nationals], as well as between registered and unregistered TCN in EES,” Austrian officials note.

Based on an analysis of passenger traffic carried out with the aviation industry, German authorities estimate that checking times will “increase significantly”.

France expects to be ready for the introduction of the EES “in terms of passenger routes, training and national systems,” but admits that “fluidity remains a concern” and “discussions are continuing… to make progress on this point”.

Italy is also “adapting the border operational processes… in order to contain the increased process time and ensure both safety and security”.

“Despite many arguments for the introduction of automated border control systems based on the need for efficiency, the document makes clear that the EES will substantially increase border crossing times,” Statewatch argues.

‘Stable service unlikely by May 2023’

The border infrastructure is also being adapted for collecting and recording the data, with several countries planning for automated checks. So what will change in practice?

Austria intends to install self-service kiosks at the airports of Vienna and Salzburg “in the course of 2023”. Later these will be linked to existing e-gates enabling a “fully automated border crossing”. Austrian authorities also explain that airport operators are seeking to provide more space for kiosks and queues, but works will not be completed before the system is operational.

Germany also plans to install self-service kiosks at the airports to “pre-capture” biometric data before border checks. But given the little time for testing the full process, German authorities say “a stable working EES system seems to be unlikely in May 2023.”

France will set up self-service kiosks in airports, where third-country nationals can pre-register their biometric data and personal information before being directed to the booth for verification with the border guard. The same approach will be adopted for visitors arriving by bus, while tablet devices such as iPads will be used for the registration of car passengers at land and sea borders.

Italy is increasing the “equipment of automated gates in all the main  airport” and plans to install, at least in the first EES phase, about 600 self-service kiosks at the airports of Rome Fiumicino, Milan Malpensa, Venice and in those with “significant volumes of extra-Schengen traffic,” such as Bergamo, Naples, Bologna and Turin.

Switzerland, which is not an EU member but is part of the Schengen area, is also installing self-service kiosks to facilitate the collection of data. Norway, instead, will have “automated camera solutions operated by the border guards”, but will consider self-service options only after the EES is in operation.

Gradual introduction?

One of the possibilities still in consideration is the gradual introduction of the new system. The European Commission has proposed a ‘progressive approach’ that would allow the creation of “incomplete” passenger files for 9 months following the EES entry into operation, and continuing passport stamping for 3 months.

According to the responses, Italy is the only country favourable to this option. For Austria and France this “could result in more confusion for border guards and travellers”. French officials also argue that a lack of biometric data will “present a risk for the security of the Schengen area”.

France suggested to mitigate with “flexibility” the EES impacts in the first months of its entry into service. In particular, France calls for the possibility to not create EES files for third-country nationals who entered the Schengen area before the system becomes operational, leaving this task to when they return later.

This would “significantly ease the pressure” on border guards “during the first three months after entry into service,” French authorities said.