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Is Germany still changing its Covid self-isolation rules?

Germany will not move to voluntary Covid isolation from May as previously announced just two days ago. So what is happening - and will there be any rule changes after all?

People wearing maks walk outside a Covid test centre in Hanover
People wearing maks walk outside a Covid test centre in Hanover. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Julian Stratenschulte

What is going on?

It’s a good question. In scenes reminiscent of former Chancellor Angela Merkel’s infamous U-turn on an Easter lockdown in 2021, current Health Minister Karl Lauterbach backtracked on his own proposal to introduce voluntary isolation after a Covid infection.

Following consultations with state health ministers on Monday, Lauterbach had said that form May 1st, people who test positive for Covid-19 in Germany would be “strongly advised” to isolate themselves away from other people for five days – but would no longer receive an official state order to do so. An exception applied to health and care workers who still faced a mandatory quarantine. 

But Lauterbach said during a talk show on Tuesday night – and then again in the early hours of Wednesday – that Covid isolation would not be voluntary as planned and would instead remain an obligation.

READ ALSO: ‘Mistake’: German Health Minister makes U-turn on voluntary Covid isolation

He said allowing people to choose whether they isolate or not “would be wrong”.

Chancellor Olaf Scholz speaks to Health Minister Karl Lauterbach before the cabinet meeting at the Chancellery on Wednesday.

Chancellor Olaf Scholz speaks to Health Minister Karl Lauterbach before the cabinet meeting at the Chancellery on Wednesday. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/X02762 Reuters Pool | Lisi Niesner

“This is where I made a mistake,” he added.

Speaking later on Wednesday, Lauterbach said he made the U-turn after after gathering information and exchanging views with the government’s Covid expert council.

“I also followed the public discussion, spoke with doctors and the parliamentary group – and was no longer convinced myself of the original decision,” he said.

He added that the change sent “the wrong signal” – that isolating was no longer necessary. “That would be completely wrong and would trivialise the pandemic,” the minister said.

Why was Covid isolation going to become voluntary?

When people get a positive Covid test in Germany, they are told by their local health authorities that they have to enter an isolation period which currently lasts 10 days. There is an option to shorten it with a negative result from a test taken at the earliest on the seventh day.

READ ALSO: What to do if you test positive for Covid in Germany

Lauterbach said this week that the rules were changing because it is too difficult for German health authorities to control isolation periods due to the sheer number of Covid infections. He hinted that it was a pointless bureaucratic exercise. 

“The work is almost only bureaucratic documentation (and) has hardly any influence on case numbers,” he said on Twitter. “Therefore, personal responsibility is enough here. What helps are masks and vaccinations.”

Various state ministers backed up this plan, saying that the new phase of the pandemic called for more personal responsibility rather than intervention from the state. But there was pushback from patients’ rights groups who said vulnerable people would be put at risk.

So will there be any changes to Germany’s Covid isolation rules?

Yes. The Covid isolation period will be reduced to five days as proposed from May 1st, but it will be mandatory for all. That means health authorities will continue to order the measure to everyone, not just medical staff as previously proposed. 

However, mandatory quarantine for contact persons of people who get Covid will be scrapped. Instead close contacts of people with Covid will receive a strong recommendation to isolate for five days. 

What’s the reaction?

Unsurprisingly, the opposition has jumped on Lauterbach’s U-turn. 

Friedrich Merz, leader of the conservative Christian Democrats, called Lauterbach “short-sighted” for making the announcement and then retracting it less than two days later. 

Meanwhile, Sepp Müller, chairperson of the Union (CDU/CSU) faction in the Bundestag, said: “Lauterbach is putting people’s health at risk with his confused actions.”

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Do people in Germany still have to wear Covid masks on planes?

With the EU changing its Covid recommendations for flights, there is some confusion around whether people boarding a plane in Germany will still need to wear a mask. Here's what we know so far.

Do people in Germany still have to wear Covid masks on planes?

As of Monday, the aviation safety agency EASA and the EU health authority ECDC no longer recommend mandatory Covid masks in airports and on planes.

However, if masks are compulsory at the point of departure or destination, this should continue to apply in aircraft as well, they say.

So, what does this mean for passengers boarding flights in Germany? At the moment, not very much at all. 

In Germany, the Infection Protection Act still stipulates that masks have to be worn on long-distance trains and planes. Masks are also compulsory on local public transport.

The previous weeks have seen Transport Minister Volker Wissing (FDP) come out in favour of scrapping compulsory masks – especially on flights.

But so far, nothing concrete has been done to change the Infection Protection Act, which is due to expire on September 23rd. 

READ ALSO: German politicians row over lifting mandatory Covid mask rule

What are the current rules on flights? 

According to the Federal Ministry of Health, masks are compulsory on all flights taking off or landing in Germany.

FFP2 or medical masks must be worn when boarding and disembarking and throughout the flight, though they can be removed when eating and drinking.

Children under the age of six are exempt from the mask-wearing requirement. 

The ministry has argued that the obligation to wear masks also complies with the new EU recommendations. 

What are the rules acros the EU? 

In general, the relaxed EU recommendation does not mean that masks are no longer compulsory on all flights. However, many countries have kept this measure in place as a simple way to reduce infection. 

Europe’s largest low-cost airline, Ryanair, published a list of 14 EU countries in which national laws continue to require the wearing of face masks to prevent the spread of Covid.

Besides Germany, popular tourist destinations such as Spain, Greece, Portugal, Italy and France are included on the list. 

In other EU countries, the airline said it would be dropping mandatory masks on flights, adding that it “welcomed” the relaxed recommendations from the EU health authorities.  

READ ALSO: Will Germany soon get rid of mandatory face masks on public transport?