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Six reasons to move to the German state of Bavaria

It may be known for its beer festivals, but there's more to Bavaria than meets the eye. From the quality of life to the interesting dialects, here's why you should consider moving to the southern German state, writes Nic Houghton. 

People climb the Wahlberg in front of the Zugspitze in Bavaria.
People climb the Wahlberg in front of the Zugspitze in Bavaria earlier in October. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Peter Kneffel

Deciding to move to a different country is never an easy process. Whether you’re single or have a family, leaving the relative comfort of home to try life in a completely different culture is a massive challenge but not one without numerous benefits.

Having lived in Germany for a decade, I’m often asked for advice on how to navigate moves, how to find a job or simply what to expect on arriving here. Something I often tell people is to choose their location carefully. Often it’s not as simple as just choosing where to live – employment obviously plays a massive part in any decision making process. 

That being said, many people seeking jobs in Germany will look to the large cities of the north and forget what opportunities may be found further afield. As an adopted Bavarian, I can only recommend my own state for inclusion in any possible search for a new home. 

Much more than Munich 

In total Bavaria has 13.1 million residents and around 1.96 million are non-Germans. 

As state capital and largest population centre in the state (with 1.4 million residents), Munich often eclipses all other choices for those seeking a new life in Germany. However, as culturally significant as Munich is, it is easily one of the most expensive cities to live in. The jobs might be in Munich, but that doesn’t mean you have to live there.

The picturesque town of Bamberg.
The picturesque town of Bamberg. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Daniel Vogl

With high speed rail links connecting the major cities in the state, it’s perfectly possible to commute and live in one of the many other beautiful cities of Bavaria. If living life by the train schedule doesn’t float your boat, then it must not be forgotten that major companies are distributed throughout the state, as well as many smaller companies that are based out of small towns and villages. Don’t assume that Munich is the only option.

READ ALSO: Why Munich is the only city I’ve ever really felt at home

Traditional – but not stuck in the past

Bavaria is often seen from outside as the epitome of a particular brand of German conservative traditionalism. While you are certainly more likely to come across someone wearing Trachten (traditional clothing) on a Tuesday morning than other parts of Germany, this can be overblown.

Many cities still enforce silent days (no music or singing) on religious holidays and some cities still have regulations against making too much noise on Sundays. In reality most of the time it simply depends on your neighbours. Make an effort to introduce yourself and you’ll find that giving the house a quick hoover on a Sunday afternoon won’t lead to a knock at the door from the Ordnungsamt.

READ ALSO: Ruhezeit – what you need to know about ‘quiet time’ in Germany

Opportunity to learn German (with different dialects)

This one might seem kind of obvious, but you would be surprised how many people I know who’ve managed to live here for a very long time without ever really bothering to learn the language. It’s very possible, although it’s not recommended.

For one thing, any interaction with local or national government will be in German. Another point is that given the wide variety of dialects still active in Bavaria, getting a grasp on the language will open doors to a whole world of interesting language. Not learning any German essentially dooms a person to a half existence here, take the plunge and the rewards will be plentiful.

READ ALSO: 15 Bavarian words you need to survive down south

A balloon says 'I like you' in a Bavarian dialect.
A balloon says ‘I like you’ in a Bavarian dialect. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Karl-Josef Hildenbrand

A good helping of public holidays

Bavaria has significantly more public holidays than any other state in Germany thanks to the many Catholic holidays still observed in the state. Nominally there are 12 public holidays, but that very much depends if they fall on a weekend or not. Then again, if you happen to live in certain areas, this can increase to as many as 13 (due to local holidays). Some cities or areas of cities have their own public holidays or half days too.

Contrast this with Berlin which only has 10 public holidays throughout the year. Three extra days might not seem like much, but once you realise that Bavarians are living it up while you’re trudging to the U-Bahn in the capital, you might start to see the benefit. The placement of these extra days is vital too. Bavarians recovering from New Year know that January 6th (Epiphany) is free and so often offices won’t reopen until after the 6th, giving some workers an extra couple of days free. Equally, All Saints Day (November 1st) also secures you another day off. Choose wisely, it may well pay off in the longterm. 

READ ALSO: How you can make the most of Germany’s public holidays 

Large state with lots to see

Bavaria is the largest state in Germany and it shows. Travelling around there are thousands of areas of natural beauty, from rolling hills, to castles, to mountains. The size also means there’s always something to visit, whether that’s one of the many chocolate box villages or large cities. City tours can be mixed with mountain hikes or for the less actively inclined, there are numerous spa towns.

Sure, most of my weekends are currently filled with wrangling a small child, but these wonderful locations are still out there, waiting. 

A man enjoys a beer at the Starnberger See in Bavaria in early October.
A man enjoys a beer at the stunning Starnberger See in Bavaria in early October. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Karl-Josef Hildenbrand

Come for the view, stay for the beer festivals 

If the public holidays, beautiful scenery or love of language didn’t seal the deal, there’s one more thing that Bavaria can offer. Sure, everyone has heard of Oktoberfest, but what many people don’t know is that most villages, towns and cities in the state celebrate their own beer fuelled local festivals.

One of the best parts about travelling the state of a weekend is the chance you might fortuitously discover one such festival in full swing. Although the purpose of the celebration may be unclear, the beer and sausages will answer most questions. 

Are you a Bavarian resident or are you considering a move there? Do you agree with this article or have more to add? Let us know by emailing [email protected] or leaving a comment.

Member comments

  1. Nic, thanks for the encouragement. My husband and I will be retiring next year and plan on moving to Bavaria. Our first months will be spent in language school as you advise. Currently we’re zeroing in on Landshut. But who knows! Again, thanks for article and thanks to The Local.

  2. We found Landshut as it it is twinned with Elgin. We retired here and it is a lovely place to live. Old town lively, many restaurants and of course there is the LAHO – the reenactment of a wedding from the Middle Ages. Can recommend it.

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For members


What you need to know about Germany’s points-based immigration plans

Germany wants to make it easier for non-EU citizens to enter the country to help combat the shortage of skilled workers with the so-called "opportunity card". Here’s what you need to know.

What you need to know about Germany's points-based immigration plans

As The Local has been reporting, Germany is currently facing a huge gap in its labour force, with the Labour Ministry predicting a shortfall of 240,000 skilled workers by 2026.

This week, Federal Labour Minister Hubertus Heil presented the initial details of a new points-based immigration system, which is designed to make it easier for people to come to Germany to work. 

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: The German industries ‘most affected’ by skilled worker shortage

The new Chancenkarte (“opportunity card”) presented by the SPD politician is broadly similar to the Canadian points system, and will offer foreign nationals the chance to come to Germany to look for work even without a job offer, as long as they fulfil at least three of the following criteria:

1) A university degree or professional qualification

2) Professional experience of at least three years

3) Language skill or previous residence in Germany

4) Aged under 35 

Holders of this opportunity card would then have one year to look for a job and would have to finance themselves during that period. 

According to the Labour Minister, the German government will set a yearly quota for the number of people who will be able to come to Germany with an opportunity card, based on the needs of the labour market.

“It is about qualified immigration, about a non-bureaucratic procedure,” Heil told WDR radio. “That is why it is important that those who have received the opportunity card can make a living when they are here.”

Speaking about the proposals, Professor Panu Poutvaara, Director of the ifo Center for International Institutional Comparisons and Migration Research told the Local: “I welcome the government proposal. Germany needs more workers at different skill levels. What is important is that this should complement the current opportunities to come to Germany also from outside the European Union with an existing job offer, not replace these. I assume that the proposal is meant only to extend the current options, but the precise proposal is not yet circulated.”


According to a survey by the Munich-based Ifo Institute, the vast majority of companies in Germany are currently struggling with the issue of a shortage of skilled workers. The survey showed that 87 percent are facing worker shortages and more than a third of respondents see it as a threat to competitiveness. 

“The shortage of qualified employees, and meanwhile of employees in general, is the third threat to Germany as a business location, alongside shortages of raw materials and energy,” Rainer Kirchdörfer, CEO of the Family Business Foundation told die Welt. 

Changes to immigration and citizenship laws ‘high priority’

The proposed measure is part of a package of reforms to immigration law which will be presented later in autumn.

The government also wants to make it easier for people to hold multiple nationalities and make naturalisation of foreigners easier. In future, naturalisation will be possible after five years instead of eight years currently, and as little as three years in cases where people are deemed to have integrated particularly well.

“We need more immigration,” Heil told Bild am Sonntag. “To this end, the traffic light will present a modern immigration law in autumn. We are introducing an opportunity card with a transparent points system so that people our country needs can come to us more easily.”

READ ALSO: INTERVIEW: ‘Changing German citizenship laws is a priority’

A spokesperson from the Interior Ministry recently told The Local that the changes are a “high priority” but they could take time. 

They said: “The modernisation of citizenship law agreed in the coalition agreement of the governing parties is a high priority for the federal government. There are also plans to make dual and multiple citizenships generally possible.

“The careful preparation and implementation of this important reform project is underway, but will take some time because fundamental amendments to the Citizenship Act must be prepared for this purpose.”