TIMELINE: How Germany’s ‘Super Election Day’ is set to unfold

Germans are heading to the polls today in an election like no other - but when will people vote, and when will we know the results? Here's what's in store on Sunday and Monday.

TIMELINE: How Germany's 'Super Election Day' is set to unfold
Markus Blocher, District Returning Officer in the state of Saxony, observes boxes filled with postal votes ahead of the elections. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/dpa-Zentralbild | Sebastian Kahnert

Sunday, September 26th 

8:00am to 6:00pm: Polling stations will be open around Germany for people to come and cast their vote in the federal parliamentary elections.

In Berlin, and the northern state of Mecklenburg Western-Pomerania, people will vote in the state elections. District elections are also being held in Berlin to elect representatives to each of the district assemblies

In Berlin, they will also vote on the Expropriate Deutsche Wohnen & Co. referendum to decide whether to bring thousands of properties owned  by major landlords into state hands. 

READ ALSO: Everything you need to know about Berlin’s super election day 

Until 3:00pm: People will be able to apply for additional ballot papers in special cases, such as sudden illness. 

3:30 pm: Federal Election Commission Dr. Georg Thiel to give a provisional statement on voter turnout in the Reichstag.

Around this time, parties will be gathering at their headquarters to prepare for the exit polls and any vote count information. 

6:00 pm: Polling stations will close, and electoral offices will stop accepting postal votes. 

After 6:00 pm: The provisional election results will be announced by the Federal Returning Officer. These will be calculated using exit poll data and published results from local voting districts so far. The vote count will then continue until the early hours of the morning.

Monday, September 27th

The early hours: Municipal and State Returning Officers will declare the official results in their municipalities and states. The Federal Returning Officer will then reveal the official general election results for the country as a whole.

Candidates directly elected through the ‘first vote’ will be allotted their seats in parliament, and the total amount of seats in parliament will be divided among parties according to the percentage of ‘second votes’ they receive.

MPs will be informed of the seats they have won in parliament and in the state governments of Berlin and Mecklenburg Western-Pomerania. 

The results of the referendum in Berlin, as well as the district vote, will also become known. 

The coming days/weeks/possibly months: The feverish weeks of coalition talks and negotiations will get underway. 

READ ALSO: Which coalitions are possible after the election?

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German parliament to hold urgent debate on citizenship

Politicians will gather in the Bundestag on Thursday afternoon for an urgent session on Germany's planned changes to citizenship law.

German parliament to hold urgent debate on citizenship

According to information on the Bundestag website, the urgent discussion was scheduled on the request of the opposition CDU party, who have been fiercely critical of the planned reforms in recent days.

The debate, which is scheduled to start at 2:50pm and last an hour, will see MPs air their views on the government’s planned changes to citizenship law.

Interior Minister Nancy Faeser (SPD) is currently in the process of drafting a bill that will simplify and speed up the naturalisation process in Germany, which she said this week is “as good as done”.  

The law will end a ban on dual nationality for non-EU citizens, meaning people from places like India, the USA and the UK can naturalise as Germans without losing their current citizenship – or citizenships. 

It also foresees a dramatic reduction in the amount of time it takes to become eligible for German citizenship.

In future, people would be able to naturalise after five years of residence in the country rather than the current eight, while people who speak good German or fulfil other integration criteria could naturalise after three years rather than six.

Additionally, the Interior Ministry wants to grant automatic German citizenship to the children of foreign parents – provided their parents have been in the country at least five years – and remove language requirements for members of the guest-worker generation who want to become German. 


‘We don’t need reform’

High-profile politicians from the CDU have slammed the government’s plans to ease citizenship rules, with parliamentary leader Thorsten Frei describing the move as an attempt to “sell-off” German passports as a “junk commodity”.

“We don’t need reform,” Frei told public broadcaster ZDF. “There would no majority whatsoever in any party’s supporters for this change.”

Earlier this week, CDU leader Friedrich Merz had argued that expediting the naturalisation process would damage integration and allow people to immigrate into the benefits system more easily. 

“The CDU will not close its mind to a further modernisation of immigration law and the citizenship law of the Federal Republic of Germany,” Merz told a meeting of CDU and CSU MPs in Berlin on Tuesday.

“However, we also attach importance to the fact that the granting of citizenship takes place at the end of an integration process and not at the beginning of it.” 

The CDU and CSU have previously been vocal opponents of permitting dual nationality, arguing that holding more than one citizenship would prevent people from fully integrating into German life. 

Nevertheless, it remains unclear if the opposition will be able to block the legislation in any meaningful way.

If there aren’t any substantial changes to the core of the citizenship bill when the amendments are made, the Interior Ministry believes it won’t need to be put to a vote in the Bundesrat – the upper house where the CDU and CSU hold a majority.

Instead, the parties of the traffic-light coalition – the Social Democrats (SPD), Greens and Free Democrats (FDP) – would simply be able to vote it through in the Bundestag. 

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: Could Germany’s conservatives block dual citizenship?