At Linköping University (LiU) in southern Sweden, scientists and engineers are working across an impressive range of areas to tackle climate change and create a better future. LiU also collaborates closely with the business world and wider society to help ensure its research has the maximum possible impact.
The Local takes a closer look at seven ways this Swedish university is leading in the global fight against climate change.
1. By taking a collaborative approach to the climate crisis
LiU’s Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research (CSPR) aims to develop knowledge and methods that can help societies manage climate change in Sweden and overseas. Researchers at CSPR are involved in everything from the adaptation efforts of local municipalities through to the global UN climate conferences.
CSPR is a platform for collaborative international efforts involving experts from many fields – political scientists, geographers, environmental scientists and physicists to name just a few.
2. By contributing to landmark UN reports
Experts at LiU also contributed to the landmark climate report by the UN’s IPCC published in August. Björn-Ola Linnér, LiU’s professor of climate policy, said the report made “sombre reading” but marked “a proud day for science”.
Professor David Bastviken, at the Department of Thematic Studies – Environmental Change, is conducting important ongoing research on how we measure greenhouse gases. He has already identified lakes as a large emitter of methane gas and believes we have too few measurements of methane in natural settings. LiU’s Environmental Change initiative is a platform for strategic research into our impact on the natural world.
Photo: Linköping University
3. By improving energy efficiency
Industry accounts for a huge amount of global energy usage and about 40 percent of all energy used in Sweden. LiU’s Division of Energy Systems has been researching ways to improve Swedish industrial energy efficiency for four decades.
In Sweden, the research group works to find solutions in areas including the aluminium industry, the pulp and paper industry, and cooling processes in the steel industry. It also contributes to international research projects on vital issues such as helping small and medium-sized industrial businesses to cut their energy usage.
This research has a direct benefit for companies by reducing their environmental impact, and has also led to new methods and tools for improving energy efficiency.
4. By understanding the power of start-ups
The concept of the circular economy has become well-known in recent years and many companies are keen to embrace it. But achieving change can be difficult in practice.
Universities have a key role to play in providing expert knowledge and this is another area where LiU excels. The agility of start-ups means they may be able to embrace circular systems that save resources, energy and water quicker than older companies.
That’s why a research project at LiU focuses on sustainable entrepreneurship and gaining the scientific knowledge needed to support start-ups that want circular business models. “Environmental problems are also business opportunities,” says project leader Wisdom Kanda, a senior lecturer in the Department of Management and Engineering.
Photo: Linköping University
5. By engineering tomorrow’s energy solutions
Engineers are crucial to many of today’s biggest global challenges. The transition to more renewable and sustainable energy systems is no exception. Students on LiU’s two-year Master’s Programme in Sustainability Engineering and Management (available in both English and Swedish) are learning how to contribute on the frontline of this exciting transition.
Says Niclas Svensson, head of the programme: “Modern engineering within the sustainability area to me is a lot about turning today’s environmental problems into future business opportunities. To be able to do that we need proactive engineers with broad system perspectives who can see the connections between the environment, technology, and business.
“At Linköping, we try to bring our broad and extensive experiences from collaboration about and cocreation of sustainable solutions with our surrounding society to our engineering students. They learn how to develop, manage and evaluate future sustainable systems in courses which uses real cases from our collaboration partners.”
Several renewable energy solutions have been implemented in the region, giving students the chance to see environmental technology in action.
The university also administers Sweden’s national Biogas Research Center. Biogas has a key role to play in meeting the UN’s sustainable development goals.
6. By reimagining forestry and agriculture
Few things matter more to sustainable development and climate change than forestry and agriculture. LiU is known for its high quality research in developing new materials from forestry products.
And it’s no mere coincidence that it’s the host university for the VinnVäxt programme Agtech2030. Vinnväxt is a competition, run by the Swedish government’s innovation agency Vinnova, which allows regions to win ten years of funding for long-term innovation initiatives. Agtech 2030 aims to build up innovation to create a new age for agriculture by using digital technology, AI, the Internet of things, and more.
7. By promoting the ‘circular economy’
Linköping University is committed to promoting the notion of the circular economy – one in which materials and manufacturing equipment are recycled, repaired and refurbished for as long as possible, so as to promote sustainability and innovation.
The university chiefly does this through its participation in the MISTRA REES research program, a collaboration between manufacturers and academic institutions to steer Swedish manufacturing towards a sustainable future.
Professor Mattias Lindhal, of the university, says: “It works to create solutions that are, from an economic, environmental, social and life cycle perspective, resource efficient and effective, while maintaining the positive value within the overall system.”
Interested in creating a more sustainable world? Linköping University has 32,400 students across four campuses in Sweden. Discover the full range of international degree programmes taught in English that it offers.