Experts warn of Covid risk on packed German substitute trains on second day of strike

Rail passengers in Germany are dealing with more delays and cancellations on day two of a strike by train drivers - and experts are warning of an increased risk of Covid due to packed-out trains on the few services running.

Experts warn of Covid risk on packed German substitute trains on second day of strike
Passengers at Düsseldorf station waiting on train services running during the strike. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Roland Weihrauch

Members of the GDL train drivers union walked out on passenger rail services at 2am on Monday in the two-day strike held in a dispute over higher wages. Strike action on cargo trains began on Saturday, and will also end at 2am on Wednesday.

Rail operator Deutsche Bahn (DB) said it expects to be able to maintain services of about 30 percent on long-distance services and an average of about 40 percent on regional and S-Bahn services on Tuesday. 

“We will also offer our basic service on the second day,” a DB spokeswoman said on Tuesday morning. However, travellers have to be prepared for numerous train cancellations and delays similar to what happened on Monday, DB said.

There are regional differences in the impact of the strike. DB expects that in Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia only 10 to 15 percent of trains can run, while elsewhere there will be significantly more services.

READ ALSO: Train drivers face major disruption due to strike

That’s because the GDL union has more members in eastern states. 

Substitute trains may increase risk of Covid

Epidemiologist Hajo Zeeb said the strike was taking place at a tricky time when it comes to the pandemic because the number of Covid infections across Germany is rising significantly.

On Tuesday, Germany reported 5,747 Covid infections within 24 hours and 42 deaths. The 7-day incidence rose to 58 cases per 100,000 people, up from around 56 the previous day. 

Full trains increase the risk of infection, Zeeb, a scientist from the Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology in Bremen, told DPA.

People who have to travel by train despite the strikes now rely on less space on the trains that are running, he said. “This leads to more contact and, yes, increased infection risks, especially with the Delta variant.”

The epidemiologist recommends that travellers avoid train journeys or switch to less busy times if possible. Deutche Bahn said in response to a query that many travellers had taken advantage of the rules and changed their trips to take place after the strike ends.

READ ALSO: Germany’s train strikes – what rights do you have as a passenger?

DB urged passengers to have patience. On-board staff are helping passengers to keep distance on the replacement trains, a DB spokesman said. Long-distance trains are also being cleaned more during the pandemic. 

What’s the strike about?

The union is demanding a 1.4-percent pay hike and a bonus of €600 ($700) for 2021, and a further wage rise of 1.8 percent in 2022. DB had offered to phase in a 3.2-percent wage increase in two steps in 2022 and 2023.

At the weekend DB tried to avert the strike by proposing negotiations on the ‘Coronavirus bonus’ for employees as demanded by the GDL.

But the GDL drivers’ union rejected the offer, describing it as a “smokescreen”. 

This is the second wave of strikes in the ongoing wage dispute between Deutsche Bahn and the GDL. A two-day strike was held earlier in August. 

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Strikes hit Amazon in Germany in the run up to Christmas

Around 2,500 Amazon employees at seven sites across Germany were on strike on Tuesday and unions warned stoppages could continue up to Christmas.

Amazon parcel in factory
A parcel rolls along a conveyor belt at an Amazon packing facility in Gera, Thuringia. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/dpa-Zentralbild | Bodo Schackow

The strikes at so-called “fulfilment” centres, where Amazon prepares packages before delivery, began in two locations on Monday.

The Verdi union is calling on Amazon for an “immediate” salary increase of three percent this year, followed by a further 1.7 percent next year, in line with a collective agreement for the retail sector, to which the e-commerce giant does not adhere.

Amazon could not continue to “refuse wage increases that other companies in the sector pay”, Verdi retail head Orhan Akman said in a statement Monday.

Amazon, which operates 17 centres in Germany, argues it is a logistics company, a sector in which the terms of work are considered to be less burdensome for the employer.

Amazon said it did not expect the strike to have an impact on clients.

However, a Verdi spokesman said the stoppage could cause disruption, particularly in Amazon’s rapid-delivery “Prime” offering.

Strikes were likely to continue “until the end of the year”, the spokesman said, impacting on the busy Christmas shopping period.


Verdi, which first called for strikes at Amazon in May 2013, organised demonstrations outside the fulfilment centres on Tuesday to protest poor working conditions.

Amazon — which has seen its business boom during the coronavirus pandemic as consumers increasingly shopped online — announced in September that it would open eight new centres in Germany, creating 3,000 jobs by 2022.