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LIVING IN GERMANY

Rundfunkbeitrag: Germany set to raise TV tax by 86 cents per month after court ruling

People in Germany will face an increase on their TV licence fee following a ruling by the highest court in the country.

Rundfunkbeitrag: Germany set to raise TV tax by 86 cents per month after court ruling
Every household in Germany has to pay the Rundfunkbeitrag. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/dpa-Zentralbild | Fernando Gutierrez-Juarez

The increase in the licence fee or Rundfunkbeitrag is now likely to rise by 86 cents from €17.50 to €18.36 per month.

Last year all states except the eastern region of Saxony-Anhalt agreed to increase the fee. The amount – which has remained the same since 2009 – can only be changed if all heads of state, and all state parliaments agree.

The increase in fee, which was due to come into place on January 1st 2021, was blocked completely in December 2020 after Saxony-Anhalt state premier Reiner Haseloff dropped the bill before the state parliament could vote on it. It had become clear that his CDU party would not support the rise – something that has caused political friction. 

Critics – that included CDU politicians and members of the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) – urged the state to renegotiate its public service broadcasting contract, calling for reforms and savings.

However, the Federal Constitutional Court said Thursday that a single federal state cannot dig its heels in and hold back broadcasters from increasing the fee, saying it “violated the freedom of public broadcasters”.

EXPLAINED: How to pay Germany’s TV tax (or legally avoid it)

The complaint was brought to court by the public broadcasters ARD, ZDF and Deutschlandradio.

“In a decision published today, the First Senate of the Federal Constitutional Court ruled that Saxony-Anhalt, by failing to give its consent to the First Media Amendment Treaty, violated the freedom of broadcasting of the public broadcasters under Article 5 (1) sentence 2 of the Basic Law,” the court said in a statement.

“An omission of public authority can be the subject of a constitutional complaint,” the judges in Karlsruhe added.

The court added that the importance of contribution-financed public broadcasting is growing at a time of “fake news”.

The broadcasters should present reality in an undistorted way through “authentic, carefully researched information that keeps facts and opinions apart”, judges said.

However, the ruling is not a complete success for public broadcasters: the judges did not order a retroactive increase in the broadcasting contribution as of January 1st, 2021 meaning that residents in Germany will not face back payments. 

The court points out that the “assessment of the effects of the omitted contribution adjustment on the broadcasters can take place in the procedure agreed upon in the interstate treaty”.

Broadcasters have welcomed the decision.

ARD chairman Tom Buhrow said: “The decision puts us in a position to continue to make the best possible programming for people in the coming years.”

“The clear decision of the judges in Karlsruhe confirms and strengthens the independence of public broadcasting,” ZDF Director-General Thomas Bellut said. 

The implementation of the fee increase will now be put into place. 

What is the Rundfunkbeitrag?

Everyone living in Germany is required to contribute to the German TV tax. The responsible authorities get hold of your data as soon as you complete your registration (Anmeldung), so it’s almost impossible to dodge.

After you register in Germany, you receive a letter informing you about your obligations under the German TV and radio tax. 

The tax requires every household to pay €17.50 per month towards the Beitragsservice.

The ‘per household’ element is important to remember, as you pay per ‘Wohnung’ rather than per resident or even per television. So even though the letter is addressed to you, talk to your housemates (if you have them) because it is a team effort.

If you get one of these letters but another resident of the apartment or house already pays the amount, you can write back and let them know.

This is great for people in large shared houses but it can be a hefty fee for people who live alone.

And unfortunately there are no discounts for single-person households in Germany unlike in some other countries – like the UK – which offers a discount on the TV licence fee for those who live by themselves.

Vocabulary

Licence or broadcasting fee – (der) Rundfunkbeitrag 

Increase (die) Erhöhung 

Decision/resolution – (der) Beschluss

Constitutional complaint – (die) Verfassungsbeschwerde 

Financing gap/shortfalls – (die) Finanzlücke

We’re aiming to help our readers improve their German by translating vocabulary from some of our news stories. Did you find this article useful? Let us know.

Member comments

  1. In the UK you can opt out of the TV license all together if you do not watch any live TV at your address. I think it is horrible that we have to contribute to the TV tax even if you do not watch or own a television. Yes, I know, we all pay taxes for things we do not use but the TV is not a public necessity in society or for our existence so I think it’s ridiculous that we have to pay the tax in Germany.

    1. I couldn’t agree more with you, it’s an abusive and illogical strategy to get our hard earned wages! I haven’t had a TV for over 20 years!!!

    2. I agree! Gone are the days of justifying this fee based on national media being an important public service. Perhaps it used to be – but now? Like the other commenter, I haven’t owned a TV in years. If I didn’t own a car, would I still have to pay road tax? No. But there would at least be some justification, since we all benefit from good road infrastructure one way or another. But TV? It’s irrelevant to most people these days, surely.

  2. I propose a campaign where the public goes to the related offices and use stationary and toilets whenever they wish to. I feel it is being paid for. And I know very few Germans who are watching TV either, not just us imports.

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LIVING IN GERMANY

REVEALED: The most commonly asked questions about Germans and Germany

Ever wondered what the world is asking about Germany and the Germans? We looked at Google’s most searched results to find out – and help clear some of these queries up.

Oktoberfest
Hasan Salihamidzic, the sports director of FC Bayern, arrives with his wife at Oktoberfest in full traditional dress. Photo: picture alliance/dpa |

According to popular searches, Germany is the go-to place for good coffee and bread (although only if you like the hard kind) and the place to avoid if what you’re looking for is good food, good internet connection and low taxes. Of course, this is subjective; some people will travel long stretches to get a fresh, hot pretzel or a juicy Bratwurst, while others will take a hard pass.

When it comes to the question on the bad Internet – there is some truth to this. Germany is known for being behind other rich nations when it comes to connectivity. And from personal experience, the internet connection can seem a little medieval. The incoming German coalition government has, however, vowed to improve internet connectivity as part of their plans to modernise the country.

There are also frequent questions on learning the German language, and people pointing out that it is hard and complicated. This is probably due to the long compound words and its extensive grammar rules, however, as both English and German are Germanic languages with similar words in common, it’s not impossible to learn as an English-speaker.

Here’s a look at some of those questions…

Why is German called Deutsch? Whereas ‘German’ comes from the Latin, ‘Deutsch’ instead derives itself from the Indo-European root “þeudō”, meaning “people”. This slowly became “Deutsch” as we know it today. It can be a bit confusing to English-speakers, who are right to think it sounds a little more like “Dutch”, however the two languages do have the same roots which may explain it.

And why is Germany so boring? Again, probably a generalisation, especially given that Germany has a landmass of over 350,000 km² with areas ranging from high rise, industrial cities to traditional old town villages and even mountain ranges, so you’re sure to find a place that doesn’t bore you to tears.

Perhaps it is a question that comes from the stereotype that Germans are obsessed with being strict about rules, organised and analytical. Or that they have no sense of humour – all of these things being not the most exciting traits. 

Either way, from my experience I can confirm that, even though there is truth to German society enjoying order and rules, the vast majority of people are not boring, and I’m sure if you come to Germany you’ll meet many interesting, funny and exciting people. 

READ ALSO: 12 mistakes foreigners make when moving to Germany

When it comes to the German weather, most people assume a cold and cloudy climate, however this isn’t entirely true. While the autumn and winter, especially in the north, come with grey skies and sub-zero temperatures, Germany can have some beautiful summers, with temperatures frequently rising above 30C in some places.

Unsurprisingly, the power and wealth of the German nation is mentioned – Germany is the largest economy in Europe after all, with a GDP of 3.8 trillion dollars. This could be due to strong industry sectors in the country, including vehicle constructions (I was a little surprised to find no questions posed on German cars), chemical and electrical industry and engineering. There are also many strong economic cities in Germany, most notably Munich, Frankfurt am Main and Hamburg.

READ ALSO: Eight unique words and phrases that tell us something about Germany

Smart and tall?

Why are Germans so tall? They are indeed taller than many other nations, with the average German measuring a good 172.87cm (or 5 feet 8.06 inches), however this may be a question better posed to the Dutch, who make up the tallest people in the world.

Why are Germans so smart? While this is again a generalisation – as individuals have different levels of intelligence in all countries – this question may stem from Germany’s free higher education system or their seemingly efficient work ethic. Plus there does seem to be some scientific research behind this question, with a study done in 2006 finding that Germans had the highest IQ in Europe.

So, while many of the questions posed about Germany and Germans on Google stem from stereotypes, we can confirm that some aren’t entirely made up. If you’re looking to debunk some frequently asked questions about France and the French, check out this article by our sister site HERE.

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