Rundfunkbeitrag: Germany set to raise TV tax by 86 cents per month after court ruling

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Rundfunkbeitrag: Germany set to raise TV tax by 86 cents per month after court ruling
Every household in Germany has to pay the Rundfunkbeitrag. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/dpa-Zentralbild | Fernando Gutierrez-Juarez

People in Germany will face an increase on their TV licence fee following a ruling by the highest court in the country.


The increase in the licence fee or Rundfunkbeitrag is now likely to rise by 86 cents from €17.50 to €18.36 per month.

Last year all states except the eastern region of Saxony-Anhalt agreed to increase the fee. The amount - which has remained the same since 2009 - can only be changed if all heads of state, and all state parliaments agree.

The increase in fee, which was due to come into place on January 1st 2021, was blocked completely in December 2020 after Saxony-Anhalt state premier Reiner Haseloff dropped the bill before the state parliament could vote on it. It had become clear that his CDU party would not support the rise - something that has caused political friction. 

Critics - that included CDU politicians and members of the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) - urged the state to renegotiate its public service broadcasting contract, calling for reforms and savings.

However, the Federal Constitutional Court said Thursday that a single federal state cannot dig its heels in and hold back broadcasters from increasing the fee, saying it "violated the freedom of public broadcasters".

EXPLAINED: How to pay Germany's TV tax (or legally avoid it)


The complaint was brought to court by the public broadcasters ARD, ZDF and Deutschlandradio.

"In a decision published today, the First Senate of the Federal Constitutional Court ruled that Saxony-Anhalt, by failing to give its consent to the First Media Amendment Treaty, violated the freedom of broadcasting of the public broadcasters under Article 5 (1) sentence 2 of the Basic Law," the court said in a statement.

"An omission of public authority can be the subject of a constitutional complaint," the judges in Karlsruhe added.

The court added that the importance of contribution-financed public broadcasting is growing at a time of "fake news".

The broadcasters should present reality in an undistorted way through "authentic, carefully researched information that keeps facts and opinions apart", judges said.

However, the ruling is not a complete success for public broadcasters: the judges did not order a retroactive increase in the broadcasting contribution as of January 1st, 2021 meaning that residents in Germany will not face back payments. 

The court points out that the "assessment of the effects of the omitted contribution adjustment on the broadcasters can take place in the procedure agreed upon in the interstate treaty".

Broadcasters have welcomed the decision.

ARD chairman Tom Buhrow said: "The decision puts us in a position to continue to make the best possible programming for people in the coming years."

"The clear decision of the judges in Karlsruhe confirms and strengthens the independence of public broadcasting," ZDF Director-General Thomas Bellut said. 

The implementation of the fee increase will now be put into place. 


What is the Rundfunkbeitrag?

Everyone living in Germany is required to contribute to the German TV tax. The responsible authorities get hold of your data as soon as you complete your registration (Anmeldung), so it's almost impossible to dodge.

After you register in Germany, you receive a letter informing you about your obligations under the German TV and radio tax. 

The tax requires every household to pay €17.50 per month towards the Beitragsservice.

The ‘per household' element is important to remember, as you pay per ‘Wohnung' rather than per resident or even per television. So even though the letter is addressed to you, talk to your housemates (if you have them) because it is a team effort.

If you get one of these letters but another resident of the apartment or house already pays the amount, you can write back and let them know.

This is great for people in large shared houses but it can be a hefty fee for people who live alone.

And unfortunately there are no discounts for single-person households in Germany unlike in some other countries - like the UK - which offers a discount on the TV licence fee for those who live by themselves.


Licence or broadcasting fee - (der) Rundfunkbeitrag 

Increase (die) Erhöhung 

Decision/resolution - (der) Beschluss

Constitutional complaint - (die) Verfassungsbeschwerde 

Financing gap/shortfalls - (die) Finanzlücke

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snook.james 2021/08/09 09:55
I propose a campaign where the public goes to the related offices and use stationary and toilets whenever they wish to. I feel it is being paid for. And I know very few Germans who are watching TV either, not just us imports.
cecilyfc2019 2021/08/05 20:40
In the UK you can opt out of the TV license all together if you do not watch any live TV at your address. I think it is horrible that we have to contribute to the TV tax even if you do not watch or own a television. Yes, I know, we all pay taxes for things we do not use but the TV is not a public necessity in society or for our existence so I think it’s ridiculous that we have to pay the tax in Germany.
  • lauriejohnhall 2021/08/06 17:10
    I agree! Gone are the days of justifying this fee based on national media being an important public service. Perhaps it used to be - but now? Like the other commenter, I haven't owned a TV in years. If I didn't own a car, would I still have to pay road tax? No. But there would at least be some justification, since we all benefit from good road infrastructure one way or another. But TV? It's irrelevant to most people these days, surely.
  • DrGarriGermany 2021/08/05 22:03
    I couldn't agree more with you, it's an abusive and illogical strategy to get our hard earned wages! I haven't had a TV for over 20 years!!!

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