A total of 11.4 million people without German passports were registered as living in Germany by the end of 2020, marking an increase of 204,000 on the end of 2019, the Federal Statistical Office reported on Monday.
Some 740,000 non-Germans moved to the country last year, while 479,000 left.
Immigration from EU countries remained stable. Excluding British citizens, around 107,000 or 2.2 per cent more foreigners from EU states lived in Germany than in 2019, a growth rate on a par with 2019.
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But growth from outside the bloc fell from 3.3 per cent in 2019 to 1.5 per cent in 2020, with net immigration here dropping from 264,000 in 2019 to 147,000 last year.
Net immigration from India was worst hit, falling from a plus of 21,000 people in 2019 to just 8,000 last year.
Also notable was that, for the first time, the number of Chinese and US citizens who left Germany exceed the number who arrived – in both cases, around 3,000 more people left the country than moved here.