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ECONOMY

Row breaks out over call to ease Germany’s ‘debt brake’ for years

A call by Chancellor Angela Merkel's chief of staff on Tuesday to allow further extensive borrowing to help bankroll a post-pandemic recovery has sparked a major ruckus ahead of general elections.

Row breaks out over call to ease Germany's 'debt brake' for years
Merkel and Braun at a cabinet meeting on Monday. Photo: DPA

Helge Braun argued that Germany should abandon its fiscal discipline — enshrined in the constitution as a rule dubbed the “debt brake” — for a few years to help dig the country out of a deep recession caused by the coronavirus pandemic.

But his suggestion immediately ran into fierce opposition from within Merkel’s conservative CDU-CSU alliance. Her spokesman Steffen Seibert moved to distance the government from what he described as Braun’s “personal opinion”, according to German media.

The “debt brake” forbids the government from borrowing more than 0.35 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in a year.

But with entire sectors idled to halt the spread of Covid-19, Merkel’s government has stepped in with over a trillion euros in aid and stimulus to tide over companies and employees.

To fund the help, Germany was forced to lift its “debt brake” for 2020 and 2021.

Braun, chief of staff at the chancellery, said it will take a few more years before Germany can report a balanced budget again.

READ ALSO: ‘Doing nothing would be more expensive’: Germany to take on debt again in 2021

“The ‘debt brake’ cannot be complied with in the coming years, even with strict spending discipline,” Braun wrote in a commentary for the Handelsblatt business daily.

It would “make sense to combine a recovery strategy for the economy in Germany with a change in the Basic Law”, he said, referring to the constitution.

The amendment should prescribe a gradual return to compliance with the debt rule “with a clear date”, he said.

The move should be viewed as a “strategic decision for economic recovery,” added Braun, who is a close ally of Merkel.

By offering more flexibility on debt, the government would be able to hold off on hikes in taxes or social charges, he argued.

Braun stressed however that Europe’s biggest economy must return gradually to its limits on new debt once the recovery is on track.

‘Sceptical’

Markus Söder, who heads Merkel’s sister party CSU, said he was “sceptical” about Braun’s suggestion.

“We cannot solve the economic consequences of the pandemic in the long term with higher debt or higher taxes,” he told Die Welt daily.

“A coherent economic concept is needed. Germany stands for financial seriousness and we should stay that way,” added Söder, who has been touted as a possible successor to Merkel in Germany’s top job following elections on September 26th.

The CDU’s new leader Armin Laschet also stressed in a meeting with CDU lawmakers that his party holds firm to the no-new-debt rule, according to German media quoting sources at the talks.

Earlier, Eckhardt Rehberg, the spokesman on budgetary matters for CDU-CSU lawmakers, had said that “solid public finances are non-negotiable” for the parliamentary group.

Like Seibert, Rehberg rejected Braun’s suggestion as his “own personal opinion”, saying his group “stands firmly by the debt brake in the Basic Law.”

The German economy suffered its biggest contraction in 2020 since the 2009 financial crash because of the pandemic, although the decline was smaller than the slumps seen in other European countries.

Official forecasts predict that Germany will return to growth in 2021 after output shrank 5.0 percent last year, but clouds are darkening as the virus has shown no signs of loosening its deadly grip on Europe.

A new round of shutdowns of restaurants and sporting and leisure facilities first imposed in November and then expanded to include schools and most shops in mid-December is now set to last until mid-February.

But with virus variants first seen in Britain and South Africa that are feared to be more contagious, Merkel’s government has warned that easing restrictions too early could lead to a rapid flare-up in infections.

Economy Minister Peter Altmaier is to present the latest growth forecasts for 2021 on Wednesday, with local media reporting that the expected 4.4 percent gain for this year may be shaved to 3.0 percent.
 

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HEALTH

EXPLAINED: The new rules around getting a sick note over the phone in Germany

Due to high Covid infection numbers throughout the summer, it’s now possible to get a sick note from a doctor over the phone again for some illnesses. Here’s what you need to know.

EXPLAINED: The new rules around getting a sick note over the phone in Germany

What’s happened?

In spring 2020, German authorities changed the law so that people with a mild upper respiratory tract illness, such as the common cold, were able to get an incapacity to work certificate or AU-Bescheinigung by simply calling and speaking to their GP.

The rule was extended several times and finally reversed on June 1st this year due to falling infection figures. Since then people have had to go back to the practice – or do a video call if the doctor’s office has that system in place – to get a sick note.

Now, due to a decision by the Joint Federal Committee, the regulation has been reintroduced and patients can call their GP again for a sick note.

Can I get a sick note over the phone for any illness?

No. As before, the regulation only applies to patients suffering from a mild upper respiratory tract illness. Though Covid has not explicitly been named in the announcement, it seems that it is intended to be covered by the regulation.

If the doctor is convinced that the patient is unfit for work after a telephone consultation, then they can issue a sick note for up to seven days.

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: The changes around doctor’s notes in Germany you should know

If the symptoms persist after seven days, the certificate can be extended once more for another week.

Why now?

According to the Chairman of the G-BA, Josef Hecken, the regulation has been introduced now as a response to rising Covid numbers and in anticipation of the cold and flu season in the coming months: “We want to avoid full waiting rooms in doctors’ offices and the emergence of new infection chains,” he said.

The telephone sick leave rule is a simple, proven and uniform nationwide solution for that, he said. The rule is also necessary because video consultation hours are not yet available everywhere.

What else should I know?

The health insurer DAK is calling for telephone sick leave in the case of light respiratory diseases to be made possible on a permanent basis in Germany. DAK’s CEO Andreas Storm said that this should “not always be up for debate, because it has proven itself.” 

READ ALSO: Everything you need to know about making a doctor’s appointment in Germany

The social association VdK also welcomed the reintroduction of the rule. The VdK’s President Verena Bentele said that the regulation would help to protect high-risk groups in particular from potential infections.

What are the rules to know about sick notes in Germany?

Germany has a strict system in place. If you are sick, you need to give your employer a Krankmeldung (notification of sickness) before the start of work on the first day (of your illness).

However, you also need to hand in a Krankschreibung (doctor’s note) on the fourth day of your illness. Some employments contracts, however, require you to submit a sick not earlier than the fourth day so check with your boss or HR on that point. 

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