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New Covid-19 measures: How German states are planning different rules

Germany is extending its current shutdown and tightening Covid-19 measures. However, there are already set to be differences in the way states implement the rules. Here's what we know so far.

New Covid-19 measures: How German states are planning different rules
A homemade 'coronavirus' hangs near to the Schwerin Cathedral in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Photo: DPA

People living in Germany now face tougher coronavirus restrictions as the country aims to slow the spread and reduce the number of infections.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and the heads of state governments agreed on Tuesday to extend the lockdown rules until the end of the month.

Among the new rules are tougher contact restrictions: meetings will only be possible with one other person who is not a member of your own household.

The government and states also agreed that for districts with a 7-day incidence of more than 200 new infections per 100,000 residents, the radius of movement is to be restricted to a 15 km radius around your home, unless there is a valid reason to travel further.

However, some of Germany's 16 states will likely deviate from the rules agreed.

READ MORE: EXPLAINED: These are Germany's new tougher lockdown rules

Restricting movement to 15km

After the meeting it became clear that the state of Lower Saxony does not plan to implement the restriction of freedom of movement for Covid-19 hotspots.

State premier Stephan Weil (Social Democrats) said justification on new restrictions was needed.

“This is part of the review programme for us, if and when a regulation is applied, or preferably not at all,” he added.

A restricted movement order is already in place in the eastern state of Saxony where the number of new infections has risen sharply in the past three months.

Since December 14th, residents have only been allowed to travel a maximum of 15 km from their homes.

Thuringia is similarly affected by the pandemic. However, there is initially no obligation for citizens to limit their movement radius to 15 km, only a recommendation. It remains to be seen if this will change to an order.

Baden-Württemberg is also considering whether it will restrict movement in districts with high coronavirus infections.

“At the moment we are not planning to do that,” state premier Winfried Kretschmann said. The state government will look further at numbers and make a firm decision this week.

READ ALSO: Germany toughens and extends lockdown until the end of January

How can it be enforced?

Some have raised doubts over how restricting movement on residents can be checked by authorities.

“It's clear that additional measures must be taken in areas with very high incidences,” said chief executive of the German Association of Towns and Municipalities, Gerd Landsberg.

However, restricted range of movement is hard to control and it is questionable whether it will ultimately have an effect due to the many exceptions, Landsberg said.

The Federal Chairman of the German Police Union, Rainer Wendt, also raised doubts.

“The police can only carry out controls in specific areas, not across the board,” he said.

Covid-19 situation different across the country

It's no wonder that states want to do things differently, as the the number of new infections per 100,000 residents within seven days (seven-day incidence) varies hugely depending on where you are in the country.

Nationwide across Germany, the incidence number on Wednesday morning was 127.3.

The highest incidences on Tuesday were in the state of Saxony with 262.1 and Thuringia with 244.6. The lowest value was in Bremen with 73.7.

The below map by DPA shows the districts with the highest incidence numbers in Germany. Areas coloured with dark red, which have an incidence rate of over 200 new infections per 100,000 residents in seven days, will face the restricted movement rule – if the state they are in decides to implement it.

Merkel had wanted to introduce this rule to areas with an incidence number of 100 which would have affected most of Germany. However, she failed to push this through.

On Wednesday, Germany reported 21,237 new Covid-19 infections within 24 hours. Just over 1,000 deaths were logged within that time.

However, officials say it is difficult to interpret data at the moment because of delays at Christmas and at the turn of the year. The Robert Koch Institute says data should become more reliable again from next week.

Differences in dealing with schools

There is also no uniform picture emerging among the federal states on how to deal with schools.

The government and federal states decided that schools and daycare centres (Kitas) should remain closed until at least January 31st, but stressed that it was a priority to reopen them step-by-step as soon as possible. They estimate that would be from February.

However, some areas plan to move at a faster pace.

Baden-Württemberg's state premier Winfried Kretschmann (Greens), wants to reopen primary schools and daycare centres in the state from January 18th if the numbers allow.

FACT CHECK: What's the latest on Covid-19 (and the new variant) in Germany

In the northern state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, premier Manuela Schwesig (SPD), wants to allow pupils in graduating classes to return to the classroom next week. This includes grades 10, 12 and vocational students.

She also held out the prospect of resuming attendance classes from January 18th for primary school pupils living in areas with fewer than 50 new corona infections per 100,000 inhabitants within a week.

These currently include the city of Rostock and the district of Rostock. It's unclear how a concrete implementation, for example of class sizes, might look.

Meanwhile, the state government in Schleswig-Holstein wants to extend the lockdown at schools and daycare centres until the end of January.

“This means that face-to-face lessons will not be able to take place in schools until the end of January either,” said head of government Daniel Günther (Christian Democrats).

In Bremen, which has a lower coronavirus incidence than the rest of the country, schools will be open but there will still not be compulsory attendance for the moment.

Other states such as Thuringia and Saxony are considering how they can incorporate school holidays into any closures.

Keep an eye out on official rules in your local state and district in the coming days. We'll also make sure to publish any large differences on The Local Germany.

Member comments

  1. It is about time Germany finally decided to lockdown and condemn the irresponsible, selfish and dangerous behaviour of so many of the people enjoying the life that this country affords them.

    I am heartbroken that we are still in this predicament because of people not valuing the lives of others.

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COVID-19 RULES

Germany should prepare for Covid wave in autumn, ministers warn

German health ministers say that tougher Covid restrictions should come back into force if a serious wave emerges in autumn.

Germany should prepare for Covid wave in autumn, ministers warn

Following a video meeting on Monday, the health ministers of Germany’s 16 states said tougher restrictions should be imposed again if they are needed. 

“The corona pandemic is not over yet – we must not be deceived by the current declining incidences,” said Saxony-Anhalt’s health minister Petra Grimm-Benne, of the Social Democrats, who currently chairs the Conference of Health Ministers (GMK).

According to the GMK, new virus variants are expected to appear in autumn and winter. Over the weekend, federal Health Minister Karl Lauterbach (SPD) also warned that the more dangerous Delta variant could return to Germany. “That is why the federal Ministry of Health should draw up a master plan to combat the corona pandemic as soon as possible and coordinate it with the states,” Grimm-Benne said.

Preparations should also include an amendment of the Infection Protection Act, ministers urged. They want to see the states given powers to react to the infection situation in autumn and winter. They called on the government to initiate the legislative process in a timely manner, and get the states actively involved.

The current Infection Protection Act expires on September 23rd this year. Germany has loosened much of its Covid restrictions in the last months, however, face masks are still compulsory on public transport as well as on planes. 

READ ALSO: Do people in Germany still have to wear Covid masks on planes?

The health ministers said that from autumn onwards, it should be possible for states to make masks compulsory indoors if the regional infection situation calls for it. Previously, wearing a Covid mask was obligatory in Germany when shopping and in restaurants and bars when not sitting at a table. 

Furthermore, the so-called 3G rule for accessing some venues and facilities – where people have to present proof of vaccination, recovery, or a negative test – should be implemented again if needed, as well as other infection protection rules, the ministers said. 

Bavaria’s health minister Klaus Holetschek, of the CSU, welcomed the ministers’ unanimous call for a revision of the Infection Protection Act. “The states must be able to take all necessary infection protection measures quickly, effectively, and with legal certainty,” he said.

North Rhine-Westphalia’s health minister Karl-Josef Laumann (CDU) warned that no one should “lull themselves into a false sense of security”.

“We must now prepare for the colder season and use the time to be able to answer important questions about the immunity of the population or the mechanisms of infection chains,” he said.

On Tuesday, Germany reported 86,253 Covid infections within the latest 24 hour period, as well as 215 Covid-related deaths. The 7-day incidence stood at 437.6 infections per 100,000 people. However, experts believe there could be twice as many infections because lots of cases go unreported. 

READ ALSO: Five things to know about the Covid pandemic in Germany right now

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