Are people with learning disabilities in Germany being forgotten in the pandemic?

Organisations say people with learning disabilities and carers in Germany are not being supported enough by the government. How can this be improved?

Are people with learning disabilities in Germany being forgotten in the pandemic?
Ute Quednow (r), management, talks to resident Ansgar Haasper in a courtyard of a residential home near Diakonie Himmelsthür. Photo: DPA

Worries about health, financial hardship or simply boredom: the coronavirus pandemic is a burden for everyone. But people with learning disabilities are particularly hard hit by the restrictions.

“After the progress made in the effort to achieve inclusion, coronavirus almost means a step backwards,” says Ulrich Stoebe, director of the Diakonie Himmelsthür, which provides assistance to people with intellectual disabilities in Lower Saxony.

Stoebe said that some of the people in her organisation have developed excessive fears because of the pandemic reports they see on TV, which in some cases have resulted in aggression. 

“Their everyday life was completely overthrown. The psychological strain is great, precisely because many cannot comprehend exactly what's going on,” said Stoebe.

Will people with disabilities be forgotten in the pandemic? In 2018, just under one million people in Germany received some form of disability assistance through organisations such as Diakonie.

They offer both residential care programmes and daily workshops which give the opportunitiy to pick up new skills – and receive employment through them.

READ ALSO: At last: Germany passes major disabled rights reform

Yet neither institutions nor the people affected are sufficiently taken into account in Germany's coronavirus aid draft laws, said the association Caritas Behindertenhilfe und Psychiatrie (CBP). 

No coronavirus bonus is envisaged for staff at these institutions, for example, in the same way that nurses or carers have received extra aid or supplies. 

“Many people with disabilities must also expect a serious course of illness if they become infected with Covid-19,” says Ulla Schmidt of the Social Democrats (SPD), former Health Minister and chairperson of the non-profit Lebenshilfe (Life Help).

Therefore, their carers must also be given the opportunity to be vaccinated as a priority, she added.

The International Day of People with Disabilities on Thursday December 3rd aims to draw attention to the rights of those affected.

A sign in Dresden on Wednesday in honour of the International Day of People with Disabilities reading, “Disability needs inclusion”. Photo: DPA

'The stress level is much higher'

During the first lockdown in the spring there was a ban on visiting homes and residential groups, and the workshops for people with learning disabilities were also closed.

A gradual opening began in June. Yet at Diakonie Himmelsthür’s headquarters in Hildesheim, for example, only 15 instead of the usual 30 women and men per group can attend at a time.

Furthermore, those at residential disability centres must always stay in the same group together – an arrangement similar to that seen in Germany's schools. But before coronavirus, this was precisely what they tried to avoid.

Now cabin fever has struck many. “They miss sports, shopping trips and even bus rides,” said Marianne Heller, department head. “The stress level is much higher.”

A hygiene plan has been developed for the 30 or so locations of Diakonie Himmelsthür in Lower Saxony. Every day, a balance has to be found between the need for independence and physical closeness and protection against infection. 

Coronavirus outbreak

In May, there was a coronavirus outbreak in a residential group in Bad Salzdetfurth and 32 people became infected – a 46-year-old resident died after being ventilated in an intensive care unit.

After the first phase of the pandemic, the Psychological Service of the Diakonie, according to Stoebe, noticed deterioration in many people. Deprived of employment opportunities through daily workshops, they withdrew and lost skills they had learned. 

During ban on visitation, however, many people picked up new hobbies such as crocheting or playing the guitar, said Stoebe.

Despite individual outbreaks, it is right to keep the social facilities open during the partial lockdown, said Christian Germing, who is involved in the association Caritas Behindertenhilfe und Psychiatrie (Caritas Disability Assistance and Psychiatry). 

In his opinion, the distance and hygiene rules are well implemented in the workshops, meaning that shutting them down is not necessary. 

“People with mental and especially psychological disabilities need a fixed daily structure. Some of them are even afraid of their holidays because then the structure would be lost,” said the head of the Caritas association for the Coesfeld district in the Münsterland region.

“The complete closure during the spring lockdown was also a great burden for the relatives.” 

Sometimes parents over the age of 80 even took over the care of their adult children, who could no longer attend the workshops.

It remains to be seen what the ultimate effect of the pandemic will be, but it's clear that organisations are doing their best with the resources they have to support those with learning and sometimes physical disablities.


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REVEALED: The most commonly asked questions about Germans and Germany

Ever wondered what the world is asking about Germany and the Germans? We looked at Google’s most searched results to find out – and help clear some of these queries up.

Hasan Salihamidzic, the sports director of FC Bayern, arrives with his wife at Oktoberfest in full traditional dress. Photo: picture alliance/dpa |

According to popular searches, Germany is the go-to place for good coffee and bread (although only if you like the hard kind) and the place to avoid if what you’re looking for is good food, good internet connection and low taxes. Of course, this is subjective; some people will travel long stretches to get a fresh, hot pretzel or a juicy Bratwurst, while others will take a hard pass.

When it comes to the question on the bad Internet – there is some truth to this. Germany is known for being behind other rich nations when it comes to connectivity. And from personal experience, the internet connection can seem a little medieval. The incoming German coalition government has, however, vowed to improve internet connectivity as part of their plans to modernise the country.

There are also frequent questions on learning the German language, and people pointing out that it is hard and complicated. This is probably due to the long compound words and its extensive grammar rules, however, as both English and German are Germanic languages with similar words in common, it’s not impossible to learn as an English-speaker.

Here’s a look at some of those questions…

Why is German called Deutsch? Whereas ‘German’ comes from the Latin, ‘Deutsch’ instead derives itself from the Indo-European root “þeudō”, meaning “people”. This slowly became “Deutsch” as we know it today. It can be a bit confusing to English-speakers, who are right to think it sounds a little more like “Dutch”, however the two languages do have the same roots which may explain it.

And why is Germany so boring? Again, probably a generalisation, especially given that Germany has a landmass of over 350,000 km² with areas ranging from high rise, industrial cities to traditional old town villages and even mountain ranges, so you’re sure to find a place that doesn’t bore you to tears.

Perhaps it is a question that comes from the stereotype that Germans are obsessed with being strict about rules, organised and analytical. Or that they have no sense of humour – all of these things being not the most exciting traits. 

Either way, from my experience I can confirm that, even though there is truth to German society enjoying order and rules, the vast majority of people are not boring, and I’m sure if you come to Germany you’ll meet many interesting, funny and exciting people. 

READ ALSO: 12 mistakes foreigners make when moving to Germany

When it comes to the German weather, most people assume a cold and cloudy climate, however this isn’t entirely true. While the autumn and winter, especially in the north, come with grey skies and sub-zero temperatures, Germany can have some beautiful summers, with temperatures frequently rising above 30C in some places.

Unsurprisingly, the power and wealth of the German nation is mentioned – Germany is the largest economy in Europe after all, with a GDP of 3.8 trillion dollars. This could be due to strong industry sectors in the country, including vehicle constructions (I was a little surprised to find no questions posed on German cars), chemical and electrical industry and engineering. There are also many strong economic cities in Germany, most notably Munich, Frankfurt am Main and Hamburg.

READ ALSO: Eight unique words and phrases that tell us something about Germany

Smart and tall?

Why are Germans so tall? They are indeed taller than many other nations, with the average German measuring a good 172.87cm (or 5 feet 8.06 inches), however this may be a question better posed to the Dutch, who make up the tallest people in the world.

Why are Germans so smart? While this is again a generalisation – as individuals have different levels of intelligence in all countries – this question may stem from Germany’s free higher education system or their seemingly efficient work ethic. Plus there does seem to be some scientific research behind this question, with a study done in 2006 finding that Germans had the highest IQ in Europe.

So, while many of the questions posed about Germany and Germans on Google stem from stereotypes, we can confirm that some aren’t entirely made up. If you’re looking to debunk some frequently asked questions about France and the French, check out this article by our sister site HERE.