More than one in four business startups last year were founded by foreign people or those with migrant roots, a new study has found.
And according to research by KfW Bank, the proportion rose significantly last year.
It comes after Mainz-based BioNTech, which was co-founded by a couple who are both children of Turkish immigrants to Germany, was thrust into the spotlight around the world due to their potential coronavirus vaccine.
BioNTech was founded 12 years ago by oncologist Ugur Sahin and his wife Özlem Türeci. Sahin, who was born in Turkey and later came to Germany with his parents, received his doctorate in Cologne. Türeci, who was born in Germany, completed her doctorate in Homburg, Saarland.
The biotech company is just one example of a successful German business founded by people with a migration background. According to the KfW Bank study, these firms play an important role for the German economy.
Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine is 90% effective & uses technology developed by an immuno-oncology company, BioNTech, co-founded by husband-wife Turkish scientist duo, Ugur Sahin and Ozlem Tureci, in Germany. A proud moment for all Turkish scientists dispersed around the world! pic.twitter.com/uVEyRVmsFu
— Ebru Erbay (@EbruErbayLab) November 9, 2020
“Startups are important for the power of renewal and thus for the future viability of an economy,” said Fritzi Köhler-Geib, Chief Economist of the state-owned development bank KfW.
“Germany has therefore been benefiting for many years from the greater willingness of migrants to set up their own businesses.” This was evident in 2019, she added.
Last year there were a recorded 605,000 business startups in Germany – and in about 160,000 cases the founders had a migration background.
The share rose significantly by five percentage points to 26 percent compared to 2018, the evaluation by the KfW Start-up Monitor shows. According to Köhler-Geib, the spirit of innovation and the growth of migrants holds great opportunities.
According to the study, migrants or people from a migration background are also more likely to become self-employed because they can face worse chances on the labour market than those without migrant roots. That means they have a greater willingness to take risks, said the study.
Startups are young commercial enterprises founded no more than five years ago whose founders are full-time entrepreneurs, have a team of founders or employees and are innovation or growth-driven.
Migrants are counted as people who do not have German citizenship or have not had it from birth. Meanwhile, someone is considered to have a migrant background if they or at least one parent was born without German citizenship.
According to KfW, due to the pandemic, many startup plans have been put on hold. “However, the crisis can also act as a catalyst for innovation,” said Köhler-Geib. “Founders who meet the new demands with innovative business ideas can be the big winners of tomorrow.”
Founded or established – gegründet
Immigrants – (die) Einwanderer
Migrant background – (der) Migrationshintergrund
Higher risk tolerance/higher willingness to take risks – (die) höhere Risikobereitschaft
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