What does live music in Germany look like in the times of corona?

After months spent observing social distancing and avoiding large crowds, the thought of a packed, sweaty festival is now unthinkable to many. Musicians and fans alike must adapt to the new normal - but what will music events look like in a COVID-19 era?

What does live music in Germany look like in the times of corona?
The Heinersdorfer Punk Festival in 2019. Photo: Photo: Herry Beer

Few have been harder hit by the coronavirus pandemic than those working in the live music industry. Artists have been forced to cancel or postpone their tours, and weeks of empty stages have left music venues left struggling to make ends meet. 

Berlin, often dubbed the clubbing capital of the world, saw its thriving nightlife and music scene obliterated overnight. The iconic Berghain nightclub has been temporarily repurposed as an exhibition hall and famous festivals such as Lollapalooza, which normally takes place in September, have been cancelled entirely for 2020.

With confirmed cases on the rise again across Europe including Germany, the immediate future for live events looks bleak. 

One punk rock festival, however, is determined that the show must (safely) go on.

Change of plans

Following a successful debut in 2019, the Heinersdorfer Punk Fest in Berlin had hoped to expand even further this year. 

But the onset of the pandemic in March quickly threw their plans into jeopardy, with the Musicboard Berlin closing their pot of funding as public health concerns grew.

Soon after, however, the board announced that new financial support would be made available to event hosts able to plan ‘pandemic-proof’ events.

READ ALSO: 'Safer than supermarkets': Could opera houses in Germany reopen at full capacity?

Dyan Valdés, co-organizer and member of the band Mexican Radio, spoke of their willingness to rise to the challenge.

“Our industry was the first to shut down and will likely be one of the last to fully reopen. It’s very important for us to find a way to partially reopen that would be safe for audiences and feasible for musicians and organisers,” she said.

In order to keep attendees safe, the festival will operate at a reduced capacity of 150. Hygiene stations will be present across the site, a designated COVID-19 team will enforce social distancing and contact information will be taken at the door. 

“We are not going to find any loopholes, we take our responsibility to keep the community safe very seriously,” Valdés added.

“It’s hard knowing what things will be like when the festival happens on September 26th. If anything changes between now and then we will modify our plan and make sure it’s the safest it can possibly be.”

Currently, outdoor events with up to 1,000 people and indoor events with up to 500 people are permitted in Berlin.

Concerts are being cautiously observed elsewhere in Germany: At the weekend in Leipzig, a local university launched a series of pop concerts under coronavirus conditions, hoping the mass experiment with 4,000 people can determine whether large events can safely resume.

READ ALSO: German scientists launch pop concert in virus 'experiment'

A new normal

Heinersdorfter will, of course, be far from a ‘typical’ Punk festival. Social distancing regulations mean that sprawling crowds and mosh-pits will remain out of reach for revellers for some time.

But after months of uncertainty, Valdés is hopeful that the change in atmosphere will not put people off.

“Everyone’s just so excited at the idea of being able to experience live music again that they’re happy to come. They recognise that it’s going to be a little different… but this is what we have to do to get through.”

A poster for this year's Heinersdorfer Punk Fest. Art and Direction: Yil & Mann, llustration: Felix Bork   

The beleaguered music industry undoubtedly faces a long road ahead – strict hygiene regulations will make reopening or touring financially unviable for many venues and artists. 

With many smaller bands relying on live gigs to survive, open-air events like the Heinersdorfer Punk Fest could be a vital lifeline for the thousands of people who work in Berlin’s local music scene. 

READ ALSO: Germany strives to kickstart culture in a world blighted by virus

“When we talk about live music we are not just talking about musicians. We are talking about tour managers, sound engineers, lighting designers and backline technicians […] there’s this huge economy that completely shut down without any idea of when it would reopen again.”

“These smaller bands and artists make Berlin a very vibrant city, and I think it would be very dull without us,” Valdés said.

Testing the waters

Event organisers across the capital are trialling open-air formats in a bid to bring live music back to audiences. 

Berlin’s Waldbühne plans to host a series of concerts next month as part of a “Back To Live” initiative, whilst famous artists such as LEA and Milky Chance have played at “Picnic Concerts” in Marienpark.

According to Valdés, events such as these are vital in helping restore public faith and rekindling community spirit. 

“It’s important that [we] have this opportunity to show the whole country that it’s possible for live music to come back in a way that could be safe and fun,” she said.

Mexican Radio drummer Hannes Neupert hopes that the festival, which is free to attend, will allow people to support smaller artists in a neighbourhood unknown to many.

“We had such a great time at last year’s festival that we knew we had to return! This year will be even more special after such a long break from live music.”

The Heinersdorfer Punk Fest will take place on September 26th. Entrance is free and on a first come, first served basis. 


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EXPLAINED: The new rules around getting a sick note over the phone in Germany

Due to high Covid infection numbers throughout the summer, it’s now possible to get a sick note from a doctor over the phone again for some illnesses. Here’s what you need to know.

EXPLAINED: The new rules around getting a sick note over the phone in Germany

What’s happened?

In spring 2020, German authorities changed the law so that people with a mild upper respiratory tract illness, such as the common cold, were able to get an incapacity to work certificate or AU-Bescheinigung by simply calling and speaking to their GP.

The rule was extended several times and finally reversed on June 1st this year due to falling infection figures. Since then people have had to go back to the practice – or do a video call if the doctor’s office has that system in place – to get a sick note.

Now, due to a decision by the Joint Federal Committee, the regulation has been reintroduced and patients can call their GP again for a sick note.

Can I get a sick note over the phone for any illness?

No. As before, the regulation only applies to patients suffering from a mild upper respiratory tract illness. Though Covid has not explicitly been named in the announcement, it seems that it is intended to be covered by the regulation.

If the doctor is convinced that the patient is unfit for work after a telephone consultation, then they can issue a sick note for up to seven days.

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: The changes around doctor’s notes in Germany you should know

If the symptoms persist after seven days, the certificate can be extended once more for another week.

Why now?

According to the Chairman of the G-BA, Josef Hecken, the regulation has been introduced now as a response to rising Covid numbers and in anticipation of the cold and flu season in the coming months: “We want to avoid full waiting rooms in doctors’ offices and the emergence of new infection chains,” he said.

The telephone sick leave rule is a simple, proven and uniform nationwide solution for that, he said. The rule is also necessary because video consultation hours are not yet available everywhere.

What else should I know?

The health insurer DAK is calling for telephone sick leave in the case of light respiratory diseases to be made possible on a permanent basis in Germany. DAK’s CEO Andreas Storm said that this should “not always be up for debate, because it has proven itself.” 

READ ALSO: Everything you need to know about making a doctor’s appointment in Germany

The social association VdK also welcomed the reintroduction of the rule. The VdK’s President Verena Bentele said that the regulation would help to protect high-risk groups in particular from potential infections.

What are the rules to know about sick notes in Germany?

Germany has a strict system in place. If you are sick, you need to give your employer a Krankmeldung (notification of sickness) before the start of work on the first day (of your illness).

However, you also need to hand in a Krankschreibung (doctor’s note) on the fourth day of your illness. Some employments contracts, however, require you to submit a sick not earlier than the fourth day so check with your boss or HR on that point.