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COVID-19

‘Poisoning social relations’: German coronavirus ‘snitches’ spark rows

On a sunny Sunday in April, 20th people were enjoying a barbecue in the city of Schwerin in northern Germany.

'Poisoning social relations': German coronavirus 'snitches' spark rows
Barbecues in public spaces are not allowed in Germany at the moment. Photo: DPA

The police promptly intervened, slapping them with a fine for breaking new social distancing rules to limit the spread of Covid-19.

They were alerted to the festivities by a neighbour, “outraged by such behaviour”, who also proceeded to boast about her efforts on social media, opening up a heated debate about the return of denunciation to Germany and whether it is acceptable in the current crisis.

Telling on your neighbours is a highly sensitive subject in a country still haunted by memories of Nazism and the former communist dictatorship in East Germany, two regimes under which informing on others was practically a national policy.

The term “Denunziant” (“snitch”) has been trending on Twitter, fuelling ever more reference to the Third Reich and the Stasi secret police.

“All of this appears to confirm a deep-seated prejudice that Germans have against themselves: That when in doubt, a part of the population is willing to become an extension of state power,” psychology professor Christian Stoecker told Der Spiegel weekly.

But Germany is not the only country to have seen a rise in the number of people reporting fellow citizens to the authorities for breaching virus-related social distancing rules.

Similar observations have been made in countries around the world where lockdowns have been imposed: In New Zealand, a dedicated website was deluged with reports; in South Africa, a wedding was interrupted after an anonymous call; and in France, the emergency number 17 has been overrun with calls.

Expert Q&A: 'Social distancing will be needed in Germany for a very long time'

Universal phenomenon

“The phenomenon is universal, but with different regional characteristics. It happens more often in urban areas, where many people depend on each other, than in less populated areas where you have more space,” said Rafael Behr, a professor of criminology and sociology at the Hamburg Police Academy.

“Acts of denunciation will increase, as will acts of solidarity,” he predicts.

“The longer the state of emergency goes on, the more antisocial people will become and the more mistrust and suspicion will develop, for example about whether your neighbour is contagious.”

A park in Schöneberg, Berlin. Photo: DPA

In Germany, police are receiving several hundred complaints a day via phone calls, emails and social media, according to an AFP tally.

In Munich alone, “around 100 to 200 citizens are calling every day” with violations to report, according to Sven Müller, a spokesman for the city's police force.

In the state of Brandenburg, which surrounds Berlin, police intervened in 2,930 violations of social distancing rules between March 20 and April 7.

“Around two thirds of these cases were linked to reports from citizens,” said police spokeswoman Stefanie Klaus.

The majority of complaints are about people entering public spaces such as stadiums, parties in private homes or cars with licence plates from outside the area.

READ ALSO: 'Orgies' and squabbling: Why Germany is not in control of the coronavirus pandemic as much as it appears

Poisoning social relations

“Not all of the calls lead to police intervention,” said Heidi Vogt, a spokeswoman for the police in Berlin.

At the end of March, overwhelmed by complaints, police in the German capital appealed to residents on Twitter to stop calling the 110 emergency number, stressing that it was “not designed for lockdown breaches”.

Andreas Geisel, interior minister for the city-state of Berlin, called on citizens to restrain themselves.

“We don't want any snitching,” he told RBB radio.

“With a soft lockdown like we have in Germany at the moment, people's continued freedom depends on their ability to contain themselves,” political historian Klaus-Peter Sick told AFP.

READ ALSO: More tests to flu shots – how Germany plans to improve its coronavirus response

“If a group of young people are behaving in an undisciplined way, some people will see that as irresponsible and not thinking about others,” which can lead to frustration and denunciation, he said.

But some informers are motivated less by social responsibility and more by the desire to settle personal scores.

“This is always the case in times of crisis, especially when they give rise to new regulations that make it possible to invoke justice: anyone who is jealous of their neighbour now has the opportunity to denounce them for the
slightest violation of the coronavirus rules,” said Behr.

“That poisons social relations.”

By David Courbet

Member comments

  1. It won´t come as any kind of suprise to anyone who has lived for any length of time in this country, that it is full to bursting with would-be snitches and people who gain pleasure in reporting perceived faults or badly judged petty wrongdoing to over-eager authorities. Sadly with or without Covid-19 its pretty much par for the course.

  2. It’s a little surprising that the author of this comment doesn’t identify himself/herself, and also that The Local permits anonymous comments being posted.
    That said, there is possibly a grain of truth in the observation, and Prof Christian Stoecker’s comment is very interesting. Observance of rules and directives handed down by the state is a very strong trait in German people. Indeed this slavish adherence to rules & regulations, rather than a healthy questioning, is what got the country into such terrible trouble in the mid 1930’s. This is in contrast to the healthy, slightly more anarchistic tendencies of public opinion in France and the UK. But when Stoecker, a native German, speaks of a degree of self-loathing in his own people, this unfortunate psychological characteristic is certainly not helped by the way the rest of the world continually insists on rubbing the German people’s noses in the past. Day after day, year after year, references to the country’s Nazi past continue in the media. It’s always raised, either directly or indirectly in politics, in sport and pretty much at every opportunity. Young Germans are confused as to why British football fans, egged on by the tabloids, still sing songs such as ‘Ten German Bombers’. Surely it’s about time the country was given a break and allowed to feel a little pride over its recent achievements? That must be the best way to deal with Professor Stoecker’s diagnosis of ‘”the deep-seated dislike that Germans have of themselves’.

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COVID-19 STATS

German hospitals see Covid staff shortages and rising patient numbers

A wave of Covid infections in Germany is causing staff shortages as many people call in sick and isolate - including in hospitals. The number of Covid patients in intensive care is also increasing slightly.

German hospitals see Covid staff shortages and rising patient numbers

Covid-19 infections are sweeping through the country this summer. On Tuesday, Germany reported 147,489 Covid cases within the latest 24 hour period, and 102 deaths.

The number of seriously ill Covid patients in intensive care units in Germany rose to 1,000 on Sunday, and 1,062 on Monday, according to the German Interdisciplinary Association for Intensive and Emergency Medicine (DIVI). The number of ICU patients hasn’t been at this level since mid-May.

At the last highest point – in December 2021 – just under 4,900 seriously ill patients were being treated with Covid-19 in ICUs, after which the figures dropped with phases where they plateaued. 

And now the increasing staff shortages – due to people getting Covid and having to isolate – is causing growing concern among hospitals and doctors, especially as experts believe it will get worse after summer. 

“We are receiving reports from all federal states that individual wards and departments are having to be closed, due to a lack of staff,” the head of the board of the German Hospital Association (DKG), Gerald Gaß, told the Redaktionsnetzwerk Deutschland.

At times, emergency admissions are also being cancelled at rescue coordination centres. “This situation worries us considerably with a view to the upcoming autumn,” said Gaß.

READ ALSO: German politicians clash over Covid rules for autumn

Infection figures have risen sharply in recent weeks. The 7-day incidence on Tuesday stood at 687.7 infections per 100,000 people, but experts believe many cases are going unreported. 

“Although the occupancy rate in intensive care is only rising moderately, it is relatively high for a summer, and the beds available are becoming fewer and fewer due to the shortage of staff,” the scientific director of the ICU registry, Christian Karagiannidis, told the Düsseldorf-based Rheinische Post on Tuesday.

He said clinics and hospitals should work to allocate capacity across the country.

“This includes regional networks for the best possible distribution of patients by level of care,” he said. “Cooperation, but also relieving the burden on staff, will be the order of the day this autumn and winter,” said Karagiannidis, who also sits on the government’s council of experts team.

Germany’s Covid-19 rules still require that people who get Covid isolate for at least five days or a maximum of 10 days. The rules differ from state to state on how people can end the quarantine period. But health and care workers need to have a negative Covid test (PCR or antigen) taken five days into isolation at the earliest before they can return to work, plus a prior 48-hour symptom-free period.

READ ALSO: The Covid rules in place across German states

The German Foundation for Patient Protection rejected a demand to shorten the quarantine period. Wolfgang Kubicki, vice-chairman of the FDP, had proposed people should be able to take a test after only three days to leave isolation.

This “fuels the uncontrolled spread of corona”, said Eugen Brysch, Chairman of the foundation. “That is why the isolation period for corona-positive patients must be extended to 10 days,” Brysch recommend, adding: “This may only be shortened if a PCR test is negative.”

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