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COVID-19

‘Poisoning social relations’: German coronavirus ‘snitches’ spark rows

On a sunny Sunday in April, 20th people were enjoying a barbecue in the city of Schwerin in northern Germany.

'Poisoning social relations': German coronavirus 'snitches' spark rows
Barbecues in public spaces are not allowed in Germany at the moment. Photo: DPA

The police promptly intervened, slapping them with a fine for breaking new social distancing rules to limit the spread of Covid-19.

They were alerted to the festivities by a neighbour, “outraged by such behaviour”, who also proceeded to boast about her efforts on social media, opening up a heated debate about the return of denunciation to Germany and whether it is acceptable in the current crisis.

Telling on your neighbours is a highly sensitive subject in a country still haunted by memories of Nazism and the former communist dictatorship in East Germany, two regimes under which informing on others was practically a national policy.

The term “Denunziant” (“snitch”) has been trending on Twitter, fuelling ever more reference to the Third Reich and the Stasi secret police.

“All of this appears to confirm a deep-seated prejudice that Germans have against themselves: That when in doubt, a part of the population is willing to become an extension of state power,” psychology professor Christian Stoecker told Der Spiegel weekly.

But Germany is not the only country to have seen a rise in the number of people reporting fellow citizens to the authorities for breaching virus-related social distancing rules.

Similar observations have been made in countries around the world where lockdowns have been imposed: In New Zealand, a dedicated website was deluged with reports; in South Africa, a wedding was interrupted after an anonymous call; and in France, the emergency number 17 has been overrun with calls.

Expert Q&A: 'Social distancing will be needed in Germany for a very long time'

Universal phenomenon

“The phenomenon is universal, but with different regional characteristics. It happens more often in urban areas, where many people depend on each other, than in less populated areas where you have more space,” said Rafael Behr, a professor of criminology and sociology at the Hamburg Police Academy.

“Acts of denunciation will increase, as will acts of solidarity,” he predicts.

“The longer the state of emergency goes on, the more antisocial people will become and the more mistrust and suspicion will develop, for example about whether your neighbour is contagious.”

A park in Schöneberg, Berlin. Photo: DPA

In Germany, police are receiving several hundred complaints a day via phone calls, emails and social media, according to an AFP tally.

In Munich alone, “around 100 to 200 citizens are calling every day” with violations to report, according to Sven Müller, a spokesman for the city's police force.

In the state of Brandenburg, which surrounds Berlin, police intervened in 2,930 violations of social distancing rules between March 20 and April 7.

“Around two thirds of these cases were linked to reports from citizens,” said police spokeswoman Stefanie Klaus.

The majority of complaints are about people entering public spaces such as stadiums, parties in private homes or cars with licence plates from outside the area.

READ ALSO: 'Orgies' and squabbling: Why Germany is not in control of the coronavirus pandemic as much as it appears

Poisoning social relations

“Not all of the calls lead to police intervention,” said Heidi Vogt, a spokeswoman for the police in Berlin.

At the end of March, overwhelmed by complaints, police in the German capital appealed to residents on Twitter to stop calling the 110 emergency number, stressing that it was “not designed for lockdown breaches”.

Andreas Geisel, interior minister for the city-state of Berlin, called on citizens to restrain themselves.

“We don't want any snitching,” he told RBB radio.

“With a soft lockdown like we have in Germany at the moment, people's continued freedom depends on their ability to contain themselves,” political historian Klaus-Peter Sick told AFP.

READ ALSO: More tests to flu shots – how Germany plans to improve its coronavirus response

“If a group of young people are behaving in an undisciplined way, some people will see that as irresponsible and not thinking about others,” which can lead to frustration and denunciation, he said.

But some informers are motivated less by social responsibility and more by the desire to settle personal scores.

“This is always the case in times of crisis, especially when they give rise to new regulations that make it possible to invoke justice: anyone who is jealous of their neighbour now has the opportunity to denounce them for the
slightest violation of the coronavirus rules,” said Behr.

“That poisons social relations.”

By David Courbet

Member comments

  1. It won´t come as any kind of suprise to anyone who has lived for any length of time in this country, that it is full to bursting with would-be snitches and people who gain pleasure in reporting perceived faults or badly judged petty wrongdoing to over-eager authorities. Sadly with or without Covid-19 its pretty much par for the course.

  2. It’s a little surprising that the author of this comment doesn’t identify himself/herself, and also that The Local permits anonymous comments being posted.
    That said, there is possibly a grain of truth in the observation, and Prof Christian Stoecker’s comment is very interesting. Observance of rules and directives handed down by the state is a very strong trait in German people. Indeed this slavish adherence to rules & regulations, rather than a healthy questioning, is what got the country into such terrible trouble in the mid 1930’s. This is in contrast to the healthy, slightly more anarchistic tendencies of public opinion in France and the UK. But when Stoecker, a native German, speaks of a degree of self-loathing in his own people, this unfortunate psychological characteristic is certainly not helped by the way the rest of the world continually insists on rubbing the German people’s noses in the past. Day after day, year after year, references to the country’s Nazi past continue in the media. It’s always raised, either directly or indirectly in politics, in sport and pretty much at every opportunity. Young Germans are confused as to why British football fans, egged on by the tabloids, still sing songs such as ‘Ten German Bombers’. Surely it’s about time the country was given a break and allowed to feel a little pride over its recent achievements? That must be the best way to deal with Professor Stoecker’s diagnosis of ‘”the deep-seated dislike that Germans have of themselves’.

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COVID-19 ALERT

Covid-19: European summer holidays threatened by rise of subvariants

A resurgence of Covid-19 cases in Europe, this time driven by new, fast-spreading Omicron subvariants, is once again threatening to disrupt people's summer plans.

Covid-19: European summer holidays threatened by rise of subvariants

Several Western European nations have recently recorded their highest daily case numbers in months, due in part to Omicron sub-variants BA.4 and BA.5.

The increase in cases has spurred calls for increased vigilance across a continent that has relaxed most if not all coronavirus restrictions.

The first resurgence came in May in Portugal, where BA.5 propelled a wave that hit almost 30,000 cases a day at the beginning of June. That wave has since started to subside, however.

READ ALSO: KEY POINTS: German Health Ministry lays out autumn Covid plan

Italy recorded more than 62,700 cases on Tuesday, nearly doubling the number from the previous week, the health ministry said. 

Germany meanwhile reported more than 122,000 cases on Tuesday. 

France recorded over 95,000 cases on Tuesday, its highest daily number since late April, representing a 45-percent increase in just a week.

Austria this Wednesday recorded more than 10,000 for the first time since April.

READ ALSO: Italy’s transport mask rule extended to September as Covid rate rises

Cases have also surged in Britain, where there has been a seven-fold increase in Omicron reinfection, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).

The ONS blamed the rise on the BA.4 and BA.5 variants, but also said Covid fell to the sixth most common cause of death in May, accounting for 3.3 percent of all deaths in England and Wales.

BA.5 ‘taking over’

Mircea Sofonea, an epidemiologist at the University of Montpellier, said Covid’s European summer wave could be explained by two factors.

READ ALSO: 11,000 new cases: Will Austria reintroduce restrictions as infection numbers rise?

One is declining immunity, because “the protection conferred by an infection or a vaccine dose decreases in time,” he told AFP.

The other came down to the new subvariants BA.4 and particularly BA.5, which are spreading more quickly because they appear to be both more contagious and better able to escape immunity.

Olivier Schwartz, head of the virus and immunity unit at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, said BA.5 was “taking over” because it is 10 percent more contagious than BA.2.

“We are faced with a continuous evolution of the virus, which encounters people who already have antibodies — because they have been previously infected or vaccinated — and then must find a selective advantage to be able to sneak in,” he said.

READ ALSO: Tourists: What to do if you test positive for Covid in France

But are the new subvariants more severe?

“Based on limited data, there is no evidence of BA.4 and BA.5 being associated with increased infection severity compared to the circulating variants BA.1 and BA.2,” the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) said last week.

But rising cases can result in increasing hospitalisations and deaths, the ECDC warned.

Could masks be making a comeback over summer? (Photo by OSCAR DEL POZO / AFP)

Alain Fischer, who coordinates France’s pandemic vaccine strategy, warned that the country’s hospitalisations had begun to rise, which would likely lead to more intensive care admissions and eventually more deaths.

However, in Germany, virologist Klaus Stohr told the ZDF channel that “nothing dramatic will happen in the intensive care units in hospitals”.

Return of the mask? 

The ECDC called on European countries to “remain vigilant” by maintaining testing and surveillance systems.

“It is expected that additional booster doses will be needed for those groups most at risk of severe disease, in anticipation of future waves,” it added.

Faced with rising cases, last week Italy’s government chose to extend a requirement to wear medical grade FFP2 masks on public transport until September 30.

“I want to continue to recommend protecting yourself by getting a second booster shot,” said Italy’s Health Minister Roberto Speranza, who recently tested positive for Covid.

READ ALSO: Spain to offer fourth Covid-19 vaccine dose to ‘entire population’

Fischer said France had “clearly insufficient vaccination rates” and that a second booster shot was needed.

Germany’s government is waiting on expert advice on June 30 to decide whether to reimpose mandatory mask-wearing rules indoors.

The chairman of the World Medical Association, German doctor Frank Ulrich Montgomery, has recommended a “toolbox” against the Covid wave that includes mask-wearing, vaccination and limiting the number of contacts.

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