The German vocab you need to understand the coronavirus

The German vocab you need to understand the coronavirus
Source: dpa
Here is some essential German vocabulary to help you during the coronavirus crisis.

We updated this story on March 16th with new vocabulary

The name for the virus in German is exactly the same as in English and most other languages – “das Coronavirus”. It’s scientific name, COVID-19, is the same in every language.

Media reports

Germany is currently dealing with a coronavirus pandemic. We are continually providing news updates and information on the latest developments.  Here are some of the German words that will be useful to know at this time.

READ: What's the latest on coronavirus in Germany and what do I need to know?

ansteckend – contagious

das Ansteckungsrisiko – risk of contagion

die Epidemie – epidemic

die Pandemie – pandemic

der Notfall – emergency

der Ausbruch – outbreak

verbreiten – spread

die Übertragung – transmission

der Todesfall – fatality

die Abriegelung – cordoning off

die Selbstisolierung – self-isolation

das Gesundheitssystem – health system

der Impfstoff – vaccine

Photo: DPA

Government advice

The German government wants its citizens to remain calm (ruhig bleiben) in the face of the Coronavirus pandemic, assuring that it has taken precautions (Vorkehrungen getroffen) and that it is prepared (vorbereitet) to deal with the disease.

Here is some vocabulary related to government advice on how to protect yourself from the virus:

Mensch zu Mensch – from person to person, be aware that this is how the virus spreads

die Handhygiene – hand hygiene

die soziale Distanzierung – social distancing

Solidarität mit den Risikogruppen – solidarity with risk groups (these include older people and those with immune deficiencies

die abgesagte Veranstaltungen – cancelled events

According to German government guidelines, this means Händewaschen (washing your hands) regularly throughout the day, for at least 20 seconds

Source: dpa-tmn

Die Husten- und Niesetikette – coughing and sneezing etiquette, meaning to cover your mouth and nose while sneezing with a tissue, which should then be disposed of

Abstand zu Erkrankten – distance from sick people

Medical treatment

If you have a suspected case (der Vedachtsfall) of coronavirus and need to seek medical assistance, here are some of the words which you will need to know, including the commonly reported symptoms (Symptome) of the disease:

der Husten – cough

die Atemnot – shortness of breath

das Fieber – fever

die Lungenentzündung – inflammation of the lungs

das Immunsystem – the immune system

infiziert – infected

 testen  – to test

 der Abstrich  – swab

positiv  – positiv

negativ – negaitve


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