Climate change: Germany's ice wine harvest fails for first time

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Climate change: Germany's ice wine harvest fails for first time
Harvesters cut frozen grapes on the Tuniberg in Freiburg-Waltershofen (January 2012). Due to five degrees Oechsle, the ice wine harvest failed for the region. An ice wine from South Baden requires 130

An unusually mild winter has left Germany without an ice wine harvest for the first time, the country's wine institute said Sunday, fuelling fears that the sweet dessert wine will become a rarity in future.


None of Germany's 13 wine making regions saw the necessary temperatures of minus seven degrees Celsius in 2019, one of the world's warmest years on record.

"The 2019 vintage will go down in history here as the first year in which the ice wine harvest failed nationwide," Ernst Büscher from the German Wine Institute (DWI) said in a statement.

READ ALSO: Warm weather ruins Germany's ice wine crop

Vintners had already struggled to produce the precious ice wine, which is high in sugar but low on alcohol content, in 2017 and 2018 when the weather was cold enough in just a few of Germany's wine growing areas.

Harvests in 2012 and 2015 fared better, but wine lovers would be lucky to lay their hands on one of 2014's few bottles, the DWI said.

Ice wine (Eiswein in German) is made from grapes naturally frozen on the vine. The colder the temperature at the time of harvest, the sweeter the wine.

Silvaner grapes are seen at the vineyard Pfaffenberg near Würzburg, Germany (January 2012). Photo credit: DPA

As temperatures rise because of climate change, vintners face the additional challenge of dealing with long, hot summers that are causing grapes meant for ice wine to ripen early.

"That means the grapes need to survive in a healthy state for longer before they can be harvested," said the DWI.

The prospects of a ruined harvest are leaving vintners increasingly reluctant to take on the challenge of producing ice wine, it warned.

"If the warm winters continue in coming years, ice wine from German wine regions could become an even more precious rarity than it already is," Büscher said.

German ice wines tend to have natural residual sugar levels of well over 100 grams per litre, but an alcohol content of only around seven percent.

The price of a small bottle of German ice wine starts at around €20 but higher quality ones can sell for well over €100.

Canada, Austria and Germany are the largest producers worldwide of ice wine. 

The novel desert wine is especially popular in Japan, China, Scandinavia and the United States.


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