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Children who don't speak German 'shouldn't be allowed to start school'

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Children who don't speak German 'shouldn't be allowed to start school'
A youngster at a primary school in Germany. Photo: DPA
09:44 CEST+02:00
A high profile politician with Angela Merkel’s CDU party says children with insufficient German language skills should be held back from starting school.

Carsten Linnemann, deputy leader of the Christian Democratic Union and its sister party the Christian Social Union parliamentary group, spoke out in favour of postponing the enrolment of children at primary school who do not speak German well enough.

He told the Rheinische Post: "To put it in a nutshell: a child who barely speaks and understands German has no place yet in a primary school.”

Linnemann pointed out that children who don’t know German should learn it before they start school. 

"This is where compulsory preschool education must take effect and, if necessary, school enrolment must be postponed,” he added. “This costs money, but lack of integration and inadequate education are much more expensive in the end.”

Linnemann said he feared the development of “new parallel societies” in Germany if there is not a larger focus on integration.

Integration is a political hot topic in Germany, a country that's become increasingly polarized since Merkel's decision to accept an influx of refugees in 2015.

READ ALSO: Integration still received positively in Germany, according to study

Carsten Linnemann thinks children who can't speak German shouldn't be able to start school. Photo: DPA

'Populist nonsense'

Linnemann's remarks have been met with criticism – even from within his own party.

Schleswig-Holstein’s education minister Karin Prien, also of the conservative CDU, told the  Süddeutsche Zeitung it was “populist nonsense’ and to not allow youngsters to start school was the “completely wrong way” to go about things.

Children who have poor German language skills should be taught "within the framework of regular schooling" in classes that offer German as a second language, Prien said. 

The Christian Democrats, in particular, should "draw attention to the social and societal achievements of compulsory schooling,” Prien added.

Udo Beckmann, chairman of the Education and Training Association (VBE), said not allowing children to start school because they can’t speak German is a “declaration of political bankruptcy”.

"After all, it boils down to the fact that children with a migration or refugee background are the most likely to be put on the back burner,” he said. 

Instead, the VBE said there should be more support from the government for day-care centres (Kitas) to expand language teaching and support.

EXPLAINED: How each German state plans to improve childcare and lower Kita costs for families

'We must prevent this'

In the Rheinische Post interview, Linnemann said the CDU must look at its integration policies and cited recent disturbances involving people from migrant backgrounds, including the attack in a Frankfurt train station where an Eritrean-born man living in Switzerland allegedly caused the death of an eight-year-old boy by pushing him under a train.

He said these incidents "stir people up and fuel fears that new parallel societies could emerge".

"We must prevent this," Linnemann added.

Katja Kipping, of The Left (die Linke) party, accused the CDU politician of unnecessarily linking school children with reports of adult crime, and said, in the case of the Frankfurt attack, the suspect had been living in Switzerland legally.

She said: "Is he not aware that the offender from Frankfurt, who obviously had a psychotic disorder, speaks fluent German and, as a Swiss, has practically the same migration background as Alice Weidel (of the far-right Alternative for Germany/AfD)?"

Nationwide language tests

However, Linnemann did receive some support for his comments. The president of the German Teachers' Association, Heinz-Peter Meidinger, said Linnemann was right to point out that language support should take place before primary school.

According to Meidinger, children should pass compulsory language tests before they start school. "I am an absolute supporter of nationwide, comprehensive language level tests for three-and four-year-olds," he said.

 
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Kate - 06 Aug 2019 18:05
We moved here 5 years ago from the uk, no German skills amongst us. My 2 children started school,one in Grundschule 3rd class and the other in an IGS school in the 5th class. Both have done brilliantly, speak German without an accent, eldest one is going into 10th class on gymnasium route and looking at abitur. Many people told us we wou!d struggle but here we are, integrated, speaking German, working and enjoying life.
Peter Mahaffey - 06 Aug 2019 19:31
One gets the feeling that both politicians involved, Linneman and Prien, are trying to appeal to varying populist sentiment here. On balance, it seems sensible that a child should start being exposed to the new host country's language at the earliest opportunity. And bearing in mind that German kids don't start official school until 5-6, then certainly they should have some exciting and imaginative language lessons well before that.
I think Linnemann is fundamentally on the right track. I recall when I started school in Cambridge a good few years back, there was a policy that a pupil couldn't participate in any form of sport save for swimming until they were competent in that. It was a visionary policy that left us with a life-saving skill and did no harm at all. Ditto, I suspect, language skills.
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