With his verdict expected Thursday, prosecutors say Niels Högel, 42, a heavy-set, second-generation caregiver, was drunk on power over his ailing patients, whom he picked off at random out of “boredom”.
Högel has admitted to injecting patients with drugs that cause heart failure or circulatory collapse so he could then try to revive them and, when successful, shine as a saviour before his medical peers and superiors.
The dangerous game left at least around 100 patients dead, according to the charges against him. However, police say the actual number could be more than 200.
The current trial is Högel's third since 2015 related to the deaths at clinics where he worked.
Högel speaking with his lawyer on trial in Oldenburg in May. Photo: DPA
He was found guilty in two earlier trials and sentenced to 15 years in prison, but investigators pressed on with toxicology tests on dozens more exhumed bodies.
Högel has admitted to committing 43 murders with certainty but said he had serious memory gaps in dozens of other instances.
He offered his victims' families an apology during extensive testimony.
“If I knew a way that would help you, then I would take it, believe me,” Högel said as his trial got under way in November.
“I am fully convinced now that I owe every relative an explanation. I am honestly sorry.”
Local daily Nordwest Zeitung plunged into a character study of the defendant whose crimes stunned the country.
Talking to his former teachers and classmates, “friendly”, “helpful” and “fun” were words that came up again and again to describe him.
“In no way someone from the fringes”, the paper quoted another person who had known him since adolescence as saying.
A teacher called him “a pretty normal student” who was more interested in football than in his classes.
Born on December 30, 1972 in the coastal town of Wilhelmshaven, Högel grew up in a Catholic family he described as “warm and stable”.
The town hall in the coastal town of Wilhelmshaven. Photo: DPA
At 16, he began training at the main hospital in his hometown as a nurse, his father's vocation.
He failed to make a strong impression, but colleagues and superiors remember him as “nice” during the few years he spent at the clinic.
The image jars with what would become an alleged frenzy of killing in the years between 2000 and 2005 when he deliberately caused heart failure in several dozen patients before trying to save them, in most cases without success.
He asked two female trainee nurses he was trying to impress to watch him
during one such rescue attempt, according to depositions.
Prosecutors say he was motivated by professional vanity but also, often enough, sheer “boredom”.
Högel “acted out of pride”, the presiding judge who convicted him in 2015 said, adding that he “used people as pawns”.
“A sad guy who gave himself God's powers,” said Christian Marbach, whose grandfather was killed by Högel.
The court house in the northern city of Oldenburg, where Högel's trial is taking place. Photo: DPA
In a 200-page personality assessment, psychiatrist Konstantin Karyofilis said that Högel failed to see his patients as “individuals”. Another report identified a “severe narcissistic disorder”.
The “nice guy” facade shattered at a hospital in the northern city of Oldenburg, where he started working in 1999.
The clinic had a good reputation but Högel felt overwhelmed by the job and started drinking heavily as he sank deeper into a depression spiked with a panicky fear of his own death.
The emergency resuscitations, and the deaths, began to soar on his watch at the hospital.
Högel gained a reputation as something of a jinx and colleagues sought to avoid working with him.
He was encouraged to move on in 2002, with a positive recommendation from management to ensure his quick departure.
Despite the curious number of patient deaths under his care, no internal
investigation was ever opened against him.
Högel, who eventually married and had a daughter, was allowed to continue the carnage in the neighbouring town of Delmenhorst, where colleagues nicknamed him “Resuscitation Rambo”.
That is until he was caught in the act in June 2005.
When he managed to revive a patient, he was sated but only for a few days, Karyofilis said: “For him, it was like a drug.”