Weekend Wanderlust: A pilgrimage to Germany’s ‘sacred sites’

For a couple thousand years, Germans have been making pilgrimages to sites offering them reassurance and peace. Find out what they are, and why they are held in just as high esteem in the modern day.

Weekend Wanderlust: A pilgrimage to Germany's 'sacred sites'
The Gnadenkapelle in North Rhine-Westphalia, with the St. Marien Basilika in the background. Photo: DPA

Over couple of thousand years, the inhabitants of the lands we know today as Germany have had a lot to deal with. War, plague, famine – and they’re just the headline acts.

Closer to home, fire, drowning, poisoning and animal attack were all not that uncommon, especially in areas outside the main cities. Death was never far away.

Is it any wonder then, that generations of Germans have made pilgrimages to places they believe sanctified and holy, even long before Christianity arrived?

Pilgrimages offered (and continue to offer) something that many ordinary folk were in desperate need of – reassurance and peace, the hope of a good afterlife.

The Miracle of Wälldurn

Truth be told, however, it hasn’t taken much for Germans to establish a location as a destination for pilgrimage. Take what is known as the ‘Eucharistic Miracle of Wälldurn’, for example.

One day in 1330, it is written, a priest conducting Mass at the church of Wälldurn, in Baden-Wurttemberg, knocked over the chalice holding wine. To the amazement of the audience, supposedly, the spilled wine settled in a stain on the altar cloth that looked not unlike Christ crucified.

Within months the church had become a destination for pilgrims from miles around, coming to view the altar cloth, maybe taking a piece for their own good fortune. As centuries passed, demand became so great that a new, baroque basilica was built to handle the loads of visitors. The cloth is still on display there today, albeit with a few ‘cosmetic touches’ to make the image more visible.

The alter at Wälldurn. Photo: Wikicommons

EXPLORE: Wallfahrt Wälldurn, Burgstraße, 74731 Walldürn

The 'Wunderblutkirche'

Bad Wilsnack, in Brandenburg, has a similar claim to fame. In the aftermath of a raid and fire that destroyed the village in 1383, three communion wafers, or ‘hosts’ were found in the smouldering embers of the church, miraculously unharmed. Again, within a short space of time, thousands of pilgrims were clogging the roads into Wilsnack, hoping to catch a glimpse of the wafers specially contained in a church paid for by their offerings.

Such was the excitement that not only did the local bishop order the church to start turning away visitors (to no effect, it turns out) but archaeologists to this day are finding small tin pilgrim badges that were thrown into a nearby river, as part of a pilgrimage ritual. 

Wunderblutkirche. Photo: Wikicommons

EXPLORE: St. Nikolai – Wunderblutkirche, An der Nikolaikirche 5, 19336 Bad Wilsnack

Surprises in the Holy Cross Monestery

Augsburg, in Bavaria, has their own miracle involving a host. Back in 1194, according to local legend, a woman took her communion host home with her – a strict no-no. There, according to chroniclers, the host turned into bleeding flesh, as per Catholic doctrine.

When the (rather astonished) woman took the flesh back to the church, the priests declared it a miracle, and kept it for centuries of visitors to venerate. It’s still there, albeit a little air-dried, under glass, in the church of the Holy Cross Monastery.

Kloster Heilig Kreuz. The view inside may be a little grimmer. Photo: DPA

EXPLORE: Kloster Heilig Kreuz, Heilig-Kreuz-Straße 3, 86152 Augsburg  

Bones in the Basilica of St. Ursula

If it’s the body parts of saints you’re after, Germany doesn’t disappoint.

Perhaps the greatest collection of ‘holy’ bones in Christendom can be found in the Basilica of St Ursula, in Cologne. There, in the ‘Golden Chamber’, the bones of St Ursula’s 11,000 Virgins, supposedly massacred by the Huns, literally provide the wall decorations.

Bones and skulls cover nearly every surface, the windows casting a golden glow over everything. Despite the fact that the bones are now thought to be those of dead Romans, uncovered during construction of the cathedral, many still come as pilgrims to pray before the bones.

EXPLORE: Basilica of St Ursula, Ursulapl. 24, 50668 Köln

Skeletons, or saints, in Waldsassen

Full skeletons of saints feature as the centre of devotion in quite a number of churches. Special mention here must go to the Basilica at Waldsassen, in Bavaria, for their amazing bejeweled and armoured skeletons of who are, apparently, saints.

These skeletons were taken from Roman catacombs during the counter-Reformation and given to churches throughout the Holy Roman Empire, described as martyred saints meant to build faith and guard against the supposed heresies of Lutheranism.

The ridiculously ornate saintly skeletons of Waldsassen are most certainly items of devotion, and you’ll still have to brush past the odd pilgrim to take the perfect shot.

A well-preserved skeleton inside the Stiftsbasilika Waldsassen. Photo: Wikicommons

EXPLORE: Stiftsbasilika Waldsassen, Basilikapl. 6, 95652 Waldsassen

A Catholic pilgrimage near Cologne

Not every pilgrimage destination has involved body parts though.

I’m quite taken by the small pilgrimage chapel at Kevelaer, North Rhine-Westphalia. It was here in the 1630s that a man had a vision of a chapel with a copperplate etching of the Virgin Mary, bathed in light.

Days later, his wife saw the same chapel in a dream.

When two soldiers turned up a few days, it is said, trying to sell an image matching the one they had seen, the couple knew they had to pool their money and build their dream chapel.

Their chapel proved to be an incredible success, drawing pilgrims from hundreds of miles, keen to see the Virgin Mary, which they dubbed ‘Our Lady of Consolation’.

Eventually the chapel had to be rebuilt and expanded to fit the crowds. Today it is one of the largest sites of Catholic pilgrimage in the north-western Europe, drawing busloads of the faithful each day.

EXPLORE: Gnadenkapelle, Kapellenpl., 47623 Kevelaer

Yes, some of these tales might seem far fetched, and questions do certainly remain regarding the provenance of some of the relics on display, but it simply cannot be denied that they have given aid and succor to millions over the centuries.

Some may doubt their veracity, but I believe Germany’s pilgrimage sites to be one of its great treasures – a living, breathing record of its spiritual and physical heritage.

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Mosques in Cologne to start broadcasting the call to prayer every Friday

The mayor of Cologne has announced a two-year pilot project that will allow mosques to broadcast the call to prayer on the Muslim day of rest each week.

Mosques in Cologne to start broadcasting the call to prayer every Friday
The DITIP mosque in Cologne. Photo: dpa | Henning Kaiser

Mosques in the city of the banks of the Rhine will be allowed to call worshippers to prayer on Fridays for five minutes between midday and 3pm.

“Many residents of Cologne are Muslims. In my view it is a mark of respect to allow the muezzin’s call,” city mayor Henriette Reker wrote on Twitter.

In Muslim-majority countries, a muezzin calls worshippers to prayer five times a day to remind people that one of the daily prayers is about to take place.

Traditionally the muezzins would call out from the minaret of the mosque but these days the call is generally broadcast over loudspeakers.

Cologne’s pilot project would permit such broadcasts to coincide with the main weekly prayer, which takes place on a Friday afternoon.

Reker pointed out that Christian calls to prayer were already a central feature of a city famous for its medieval cathedral.

“Whoever arrives at Cologne central station is welcomed by the cathedral and the sound of its church bells,” she said.

Reker said that the call of a muezzin filling the skies alongside church bells “shows that diversity is both appreciated and enacted in Cologne”.

Mosques that are interested in taking part will have to conform to guidelines on sound volume that are set depending on where the building is situated. Local residents will also be informed beforehand.

The pilot project has come in for criticism from some quarters.

Bild journalist Daniel Kremer said that several of the mosques in Cologne were financed by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, “a man who opposes the liberal values of our democracy”, he said.

Kremer added that “it’s wrong to equate church bells with the call to prayer. The bells are a signal without words that also helps tell the time. But the muezzin calls out ‘Allah is great!’ and ‘I testify that there is no God but Allah.’ That is a big difference.”

Cologne is not the first city in North Rhine-Westphalia to allow mosques to broadcast the call to prayer.

In a region with a large Turkish immigrant community, mosques in Gelsenkirchen and Düren have been broadcasting the religious call since as long ago as the 1990s.

SEE ALSO: Imams ‘made in Germany’: country’s first Islamic training college opens its doors