Update: Ryanair pilots and cabin crew stage walkout in Germany as disruption sparked

German pilots and cabin crew for budget Irish carrier Ryanair walked off the job on Wednesday, disrupting travel for thousands of passengers in the latest flare-up of a bitter Europe-wide battle for better pay and conditions.

Update: Ryanair pilots and cabin crew stage walkout in Germany as disruption sparked
Ryanair employees demonstrating at Frankfurt airport on Wednesday. Photo: DPA

“All 12 German bases are affected, especially the bigger ones in Frankfurt/Rhine-Main, Hahn and at the Berlin airports,” said the vice-chairman of Germany's Cockpit pilots' federation (Vereinigung Cockpit or VC), Markus Wahl. 

The twelve bases are located in Germany in Berlin Schönefeld and in Tegel, Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt Hahn, Cologne, Dusseldorf, Weeze, Hamburg, Bremen, Nuremberg, Memmingen and Baden-Baden

According to Verdi service workers' union figures, around 30 cabin crew workers gathered at Berlin Schönefeld airport with banners early on Wednesday morning, the Berliner Zeitung reports.

“We hope that this strike shows a significant effect, that the company realizes the employees won't accept rotten working conditions and bad pay any longer,” said Verdi spokesman Andreas Splanemann at the demonstration.

But with affected passengers largely warned off in advance, there were few stranded travellers to see the workers with their placards reading: “no rights, no flights” and “Ryanair must change”.

The Irish budget carrier said it was cancelling 150 out of 400 scheduled flights to and from Germany because of the walkout, which it slammed as “unacceptable” and “unnecessary”.

The Berliner Zeitung said that in the German capital 40 flights at Schönefeld and Tegel had been cancelled. 

At Frankfurt airport, the Hessenschau reports that 28 of the 44 scheduled flights there had been axed on Wednesday. Employees were also demonstrating with placards there. 

Ryanair employees on the picket line at Frankfurt airport. Photo: DPA

In North Rhine-Westphalia a Cologne/Bonn airport spokesman said initially 20 of the planned 56 Ryanair flights due to take off or land had been cancelled, reports DPA. In Weeze, according to a spokesman, 12 of the 28 flights were axed. 

In Hamburg, however, only two of the 14 scheduled flights were expected to be cancelled. 

Meanwhile in Bavaria, Munich and Memmingen airports appeared not to have cancellations, while in Nuremberg six of the twenty Ryanair connections were expected to be disrupted.

Ryanair also said on Tuesday it may have to close some bases across Germany and slash jobs if the stoppages drag on.

Germany's Cockpit pilots' federation and the Verdi service workers' union called the 24-hour strike, which started at 3am after they said talks with Ryanair management were deadlocked.

The strike comes as Ryanair is already bracing for a mass coordinated walkout by cabin crew in Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain.

Union leaders are expected to announce details of the stoppage in Brussels on Thursday.

They have vowed to stage “the biggest strike action the company has ever seen”.

Ryanair has been clashing with worker representatives ever since it took the unprecedented step last year to start recognizing trade unions in a bid to avert widespread Christmas strikes.

Last month, Ryanair pilots in five European countries, including Germany, held their first-ever simultaneous walkout, causing some 400 flight cancellations and travel chaos for 55,000 passengers.

Job threats

Ryanair, a 33-year-old firm, has however struck some labour agreements since then, reaching its first-ever union deal with Italian pilots in late August.

In Ireland, pilots voted to accept an agreement on improved working conditions last week.

The breakthrough prompted Ryanair to back down from an earlier threat that it would move several aircraft and 300 jobs from Ireland to Poland.

Germany's Cockpit and Verdi unions, which represent some 400 Germany-based Ryanair pilots and 1,000 flight personnel, condemned the airline's attempt to squeeze them with a similar threat.

“This is how Ryanair deals with its employees: putting pressure on them, scaring them and threatening job losses,” Cockpit's vice president Markus Wahl told AFP.

“We are not making a threat,” Ryanair's chief marketing officer Kenny Jacobs told a Frankfurt press conference on Tuesday.

“If you have ongoing strikes, that's the economic impact.”

Ryanair employees stand with Verdi flags outside Berlin Schönefeld airport on Wednesday. Photo: DPA 

 '€190,000 a year' 

The no-frills airline boasts lower costs per passenger than its competitors and is eyeing profits of around €1.25 billion this year.

But staff have long complained that they earn less than counterparts at rival airlines.

Another key gripe of workers based in countries other than Ireland is the fact that Ryanair employs them under Irish legislation.

They say this creates huge insecurity for them, blocking their access to state benefits in their country.

Unions also want the airline to give contractors the same work conditions as staff employees.

Ryanair counters that it has already offered significant pay increases and steadier contracts. It said German pilots can make “up to €190,000 a year”.

But Cockpit's Wahl said that only applies to “a handful” of people, with starting salaries around €39,000 and the most experienced fliers taking home around €110,000 a year in fixed pay, which can be topped up depending on flight hours.

Wahl said pilots were fighting for more pay overall, and specifically a higher fixed-rate salary.

The Verdi union said Ryanair cabin crew earn a basic gross salary of €800 to €1,200 a month on average, far below what rival EasyJet pays.

“The wages are so low that they are insufficient to ensure a decent living standard,” Verdi board member Christine Behle said.

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Strikes hit Amazon in Germany in the run up to Christmas

Around 2,500 Amazon employees at seven sites across Germany were on strike on Tuesday and unions warned stoppages could continue up to Christmas.

Amazon parcel in factory
A parcel rolls along a conveyor belt at an Amazon packing facility in Gera, Thuringia. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/dpa-Zentralbild | Bodo Schackow

The strikes at so-called “fulfilment” centres, where Amazon prepares packages before delivery, began in two locations on Monday.

The Verdi union is calling on Amazon for an “immediate” salary increase of three percent this year, followed by a further 1.7 percent next year, in line with a collective agreement for the retail sector, to which the e-commerce giant does not adhere.

Amazon could not continue to “refuse wage increases that other companies in the sector pay”, Verdi retail head Orhan Akman said in a statement Monday.

Amazon, which operates 17 centres in Germany, argues it is a logistics company, a sector in which the terms of work are considered to be less burdensome for the employer.

Amazon said it did not expect the strike to have an impact on clients.

However, a Verdi spokesman said the stoppage could cause disruption, particularly in Amazon’s rapid-delivery “Prime” offering.

Strikes were likely to continue “until the end of the year”, the spokesman said, impacting on the busy Christmas shopping period.


Verdi, which first called for strikes at Amazon in May 2013, organised demonstrations outside the fulfilment centres on Tuesday to protest poor working conditions.

Amazon — which has seen its business boom during the coronavirus pandemic as consumers increasingly shopped online — announced in September that it would open eight new centres in Germany, creating 3,000 jobs by 2022.