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WEATHER

Stormy weather and fires cause mayhem throughout Germany

Germany is experiencing stormy weather and dry temperatures, both increasing the risks of fire. But in most of the country, the weather is expected to improve this weekend.

Stormy weather and fires cause mayhem throughout Germany
Firefighters distinguished 500 square metres of fire in Helmstedt on Wednesday.

Following stormy weather in southwest Germany, meteorologists are predicting additional thunderstorms, which they say carry a risk of forest fires. 

Thunderstorms, hail storms and stormy gusts are likely to occur throughout the country, from southwest Germany to the eastern states of Saxony and Thuringia this Thursday, according to the German Weather Service (DWD). The first storms have already struck Baden-Württemberg and Saarland.

Throughout southern Germany, there are high to very high fire risks due to extreme drought conditions, reported DWD. 

The highest forest fire warning remains in Lower Saxony, where firefighters distinguished about 500 square meters of forest and field fire in the small city of Helmstedt on Wednesday evening, smaller forest and field fires also occurred in Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia on Wednesday, also due to extreme dry temperatures.

Firefighters extinguish a field fire in Brehna in Saxony-Anhalt on Wednesday. Photo: DPA

However, the intense weather is not causing drop in the temperatures: throughout Germany, Thursday is supposed to stay warm at 25 to 32 degrees. 

The only exceptions are the coastal parts of the country – such as the North Sea – where temperatures will remain a mild 20 degrees with many clouds and occasional rain. 

On Thursday night through Friday, clouds are predicted to coat most of Germany’s skies. In the south, some strong showers and thunderstorms at low temperatures of 11 degrees are expected. 

A graphic on the risk of forest fire in Germany, with green being the lowest risk and red being the highest. Graphic: DPA

The north and the central parts of the country, however, are expected to remain largely dry at 12 to 16 degrees.

For the weekend, the weather could improve again: The Saturday should be sunny and dry according to the meteorologists. Only on the edge of the Alps are rainfall and thunderstorms to be expected. 

Temperatures are expected to reach a maximum of 24 degrees in the north of the country and 30 degrees in the rest of the country.

Cars drive through a flooded street in Bietigheim-Bissingen in Baden-Württemberg. Photo: DPA

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ENERGY

Why sunny weather in Germany can switch off solar panels

The more the sun shines in the southern German town of Aurach, the more likely it is that Jens Husemann's solar panels will be disconnected from the grid -- an exasperating paradox at a time when Germany is navigating an energy supply crisis.

Why sunny weather in Germany can switch off solar panels

“It’s being switched off every day,” Husemann told AFP during a recent sunny spell, saying there had been more than 120 days of forced shutdowns so far this year.

Husemann, who runs an energy conversion business near Munich, also owns a sprawling solar power system on the flat roof of a transport company in Aurach, Bavaria.

The energy generated flows into power lines run by grid operator N-Ergie, which then distributes it on the network.

But in sunny weather, the power lines are becoming overloaded — leading the grid operator to cut off supply from the solar panels.

“It’s a betrayal of the population,” said Husemann, pointing to soaring electricity prices and a continued push to install more solar panels across Germany.

Europe’s biggest economy is eyeing an ambitious switch to renewables making up 80 percent of its electricity from 2030 in a bid to go carbon neutral.

N-ergie thermal power station

The thermal power station of energy supplier N-Ergie in Nuremberg, southern Germany. (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

But Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has put a spanner in the works.

Moscow has cut gas supplies to Germany by 80 percent, in what is believed to be a bid to weaken the European powerhouse’s resolve in backing Ukraine.

READ ALSO: OPINION: How many massacres will it take for Germany to turn off Russian gas?

As a result, Berlin has been scrambling for alternative sources across the world to replace the shortfall.

This makes it all the more frustrating for Husemann, whose solar panels normally generate enough electricity for 50 households. With the repeated shutdowns, he suspects they will only supply half of their capacity by the end
of the year.

Grid bottlenecks

Grid operator N-Ergie, which is responsible for harvesting electricity from Husemann’s panels, admits the situation is less than ideal.

There were 257 days last year when it had to cut off supply from solar panels on parts of the grid.

“We are currently witnessing — and this is a good thing — an unprecedented boom in photovoltaic parks,” Rainer Kleedoerfer, head of N-Ergie’s development department, told AFP.

An employee of energy supplier N-ERGIE working at the company's network control centre in Nuremberg, southern Germany. 

An employee of energy supplier N-Ergie working at the company’s network control centre in Nuremberg, southern Germany.  (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

But while it takes just a couple of years to commission a solar power plant, updating the necessary infrastructure takes between five and 10 years, he said.

“The number of interventions and the amount of curtailed energy have increased continuously in recent years” as a result, according to N-Ergie spokesman Michael Enderlein.

“The likelihood is that grid bottlenecks will actually increase in the coming years,” while resolving them will take several more years, Enderlein said.

According to Carsten Koenig, managing director of the German Solar Industry Association, the problem is not unique to solar power and also affects wind energy.

READ ALSO: Reader question – Should I modernise my heating system in Germany?

Solar bottlenecks tend to be regional and temporary, he said. “Occasionally, however, we hear that especially in rural areas in Bavaria, the shutdowns are more frequent.”

2.4 million households

Koenig agrees the problem is likely to get worse before it gets better.

“This will be especially true if political measures aimed at sufficiently expanding the power grid in Germany… drag on for too long,” he said.

Some 6.1 terawatt hours of electricity from renewables had to be curtailed in 2020, according to the most recent figures available.

With an average consumption of around 2,500 kilowatt hours per year in a two-person household, this would have been enough to power around 2.4 million households.

A spokesman for Germany’s Federal Network Agency said it did not share the belief that “it will not be possible to expand the network in line with demand in the coming years”.

Only some aspects of the expansion are seeing delays, the spokesman said — mainly due to slow approval procedures and a lack of specialist companies to do the work.

According to Husemann there have also been delays to the payments he is supposed to receive in return for the solar power he supplies — or cannot supply.

He said he is already owed around 35,000 euros ($35,600) for electricity produced so far this year that has never found its way into a socket.

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