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CYCLING

10 important rules and tips for cycling safely on German streets

Now that much of the country has seen warm, spring-like temperatures and more and more people have been opting to bike, here’s what you need to know when it comes to cycling in Germany.

10 important rules and tips for cycling safely on German streets
Photo: DPA
While newcomers to Germany might be aware that riding one’s bike is a popular means of getting around, they may not know that there are rules which need to be followed – especially for one’s own safety.
 
Here are the top tips and rules of the road which bikers should be aware of, according to the German Road Safety Council (DVR) and the German Automotive Club (ADAC). Having lived in Germany for several years and commuted by bike in both medium-sized and large cities, I’ve sprinkled in some of my own suggestions too.
 
1. Overtake other bikers on the left
 
In Germany as in many other countries, just like motorists, cyclists ride on the right side of the road.
And while it might seem obvious to overtake other riders on the left – whether or not on dedicated bike paths – you’d be surprised how many cyclists stay in the middle or the left side of lanes.
 
Those who choose to cycle slowly should be considerate and stick close to the right of the bike lane – this enables others who are riding at a quicker pace to have enough room and to easily overtake them.
 
I’ve lost count of the number of times I’ve seen cyclists biking on the sidewalk in order to overtake slow riders, but technically this isn’t allowed as the sidewalks are meant for pedestrians.
 
2. Familiarize yourself with road signs
 
A yield sign in Schleswig. Photo: DPA
 
While the stop sign is recognized by most people regardless of the language they speak, other signs aren’t as universal.
 
For instance, wherever a yield sign is posted (a red and white upside down triangle), just like motorists, cyclists must give priority to other vehicles and wait. Other signs, such as the white and yellow one shaped like a diamond, conversely mean that drivers have to give you the right of way.
 
Some examples of signs which give orders. For a complete list of traffic signs in Germany, click here. Image: ADAC
 
Another sign (number 254 in image) that’s circular and red and white with an image of a bicycle in the middle means that cyclists are prohibited from entering the street.
 
Conversely, if you see a blue sign with a white bike on it (237), you can be assured that the route is only for cyclists.
 
But if you see a blue sign that has another image on it (and no bike) then you are not allowed to enter (e.g. the sign with an image of a bus indicates that only buses may drive on the street).
 
3. Be aware of the “right before left” rule
 
Cycling has been my main means of transport for about five years now, and still something I witness every now and then is a cyclist nearly getting into an accident presumably because they don’t know this rule.
 
At all intersections, the DVR states that the “right before left” rule applies, unless there are road signs or traffic lights that indicate otherwise. This means that motorists and cyclists alike must yield to traffic coming from the right side.
 
 
On smaller side streets, for instance, this rule can be seen in action. A typical situation could be that a cyclist riding along a street must stop every now and then due to cars coming from the right side at junctions.
 
Having grown up in Canada, this rule was slightly hard for me to get used to since most intersections which don’t have traffic lights back home have stop signs, meaning that the “right before left” rule rarely applies.
 
4. Young children must cycle on the sidewalk
 
Young children are an exception when it comes to biking on the sidewalk, as they must do so until they are eight years old.
 
After this age, they have the option of biking alongside those on foot until their tenth birthday. But from then on they have to cycle on designated bike paths like everyone else. 
 
Kids on their way to school in Brandenburg. Photo: DPA
 
5. Lights, brakes and a bell are a must
 
While wearing a helmet is recommended, there is no official obligation to wear one. Lights, breaks and a bell on the other hand are all mandatory.
 
 
Failing to comply with these rules can result in the police handing you a fine, according to the DVR. This means, for instance, if you choose to bike at night but your lights aren’t working, don’t be surprised if a cop slaps you with a ticket. 
 
In cities such as Münster in North Rhine-Westphalia, which was recently deemed Germany’s most bike-friendly city, police have a keener eye on the offences committed by cyclists.
Family members of mine who live in Münster have told me that riders there often get fined for lack of a bike light, though I’ve yet to ever hear of anyone coughing up cash for lacking a bell.
 
Personally though, I don’t see the bell rule as a bad thing. A bell is useful not only to alert pedestrians who unwittingly step onto the bike lane (and potentially force you to come to a screeching halt), but also to give fellow cyclists a heads up when you want to overtake them.
 
 
6. Do not cycle if you have drunk alcohol
 
As some of the points previously mentioned in this list highlight, oftentimes bike riders have to follow the same rules that vehicle drivers do – and refraining from driving while drunk is one of them.
 
If you are found with a blood alcohol level of 1.6 percent or more in your system, you can gather up to 3 points as well as receiving a fine. Similarly, you’re not allowed to call or text on your mobile phone while cycling. 
 
A cyclist in Karlsruhe. Photo: DPA
 
7. Use hand signals to indicate turns
 
Using hand signals to show motorists and fellow bikers your intention to turn is not only courteous, it also avoids potentially dangerous situations such as a cyclist ramming into you from behind. 
 
When turning, give a hand signal well in advance to indicate the direction in which you want to turn. If you want to turn right, it’s as simple as holding your right arm straight up.
 
This might be strange to get used to for people from countries where hand signals for bikers are different. In Canada, for instance, holding up one’s left arm bent at a 90 degree angle indicates a right turn.  
 
Remember too that pedestrians have priority when you’re making a right turn, provided that their light at the pedestrian crossing is green.
 
 
8. Avoid dangerous situations like getting into drivers’ blind spots 
 
When truck or car drivers are making a right turn, cyclists are at “particular risk” because they more often than not cannot be seen, states the ADAC. 
 
Keep a good distance from vehicles to avoid getting in drivers’ blind spots, cycle defensively and if need be, get off your bike and move onto the sidewalk, suggests the DVR. 
 
Establishing eye contact with the driver is also important in order to avoid getting into dangerous situations.
 
Automobiles at T-junctions and entrances to properties are other road situations that could pose a danger if you’re not biking cautiously.
 
A sign at a Berlin intersection which warns bikers not to find themselves in motorists’ blind spots. Photo: DPA
 
9. Watch out for opening car doors 
 
On streets where cars are parked to the right side of the bike lane, keep a good amount of distance from the parked cars. Some drivers open their car doors without regard for any passing cyclists; you can avoid the risk of getting badly hurt by anticipating their actions.
 
But it’s not just the cyclist’s job to ensure safety in this instance, states the ADAC.
 
Driving schools in the Netherlands teach learners to open the driver’s door from the inside using one’s right hand when exiting parked cars. This way, drivers do their part in being cautious as the movement forces them to use their upper body, turn slightly and check to see whether any cyclists are coming.
 
 
10. Remember: cyclists are “more vulnerable” than motorists
 
Even if you have priority in a traffic situation, for your own safety the ADAC suggests not to push it if you encounter another road user who isn’t abiding by the rules.
 
If for instance you have the right of way at an intersection and you notice a car is barrelling through with no intention of stopping, don’t risk harming yourself and let the driver pass. 
 
On the road, cyclists are “more vulnerable” than motorists, the automotive club states.
 
 

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LIVING IN GERMANY

Living in Germany: Summer flights, regional beers and not-so-friendly neighbours

In our weekly roundup for Germany we look at the intricate laws regulating good neighbourly behaviour as well as fears of chaos at German airports.

Living in Germany: Summer flights, regional beers and not-so-friendly neighbours

Germany braces for a summer of flight chaos 

As the first German states prepare to break up for the summer holidays, we know that many of you are looking forward to packing your bags and jetting off somewhere nice for a week or two. But after the scenes at major European airports in the last few weeks, some people might be feeling just a little bit of trepidation about their dream summer getaway.

After reports of hour-long queues at security (which one of our readers aptly described as “like Disneyland – but with no elation”), there are fears that flight chaos could get even worse in the summer months. As we reported this week, this is largely due to the fact that airlines and airports sacked thousands of employees during Covid – without anticipating just how much people would want to travel once restrictions were scrapped.

In any case, if you’re flying somewhere this summer, don’t despair: with the help of our readers, we’ve put together some top tips to bear in mind when catching a flight in Germany

Tweet of the week

Regional differences in Germany are fascinating, and what better way to understand the different tribes than by mapping their favourite brand of beer? While many of these were predictable, we were slightly surprised to see that the well-heeled folk of Hamburg have a particular fondness for Becks. 

Where is this? 

A young woman holds her feet in the Staffelsee lake during the lake procession. Photo: dpa | Angelika Warmuth

This idyllic photo was snapped during the Fronleichnam public holiday at the breathtaking Staffelsee in Upper Bavaria. Each year during the religious festival, people  dress up in their finery to join a procession from St. Michael’s church in Murnau to St. Simpert’s chapel on the island of Wörth. Priests, altar boys, choristers and fishermen traditionally take part in the ceremony, rowing across the lake for blessings and fruit and before returning to the mainland once more. 

Did you know?

A story this week about a man “flipping the bird” at a speed camera and getting fined €5,000 for the rude gesture got us thinking about some of the slightly unusual laws in Germany. One thing that foreigners may accidentally fall afoul of when they move to Bundesrupublik is the strict regulation on neighbourly behaviour that is set out in the Nachbarrechtsgesetz – or Neighbourhood Law.

To make things especially confusing, each state has its own version of these neighbourhood rules. Broadly speaking, though, you can expect to have strict guidelines on how close your bushes and trees should be to your neighbours’ garden, when (and if) you’re allowed to wash your car and what type of noise you’re allowed to make.

We’ve heard that the German small courts spend a lot of time ironing out disputes between neighbours – including one family that apparently took their neighbours to court over the loud croaking of their frogs. (In case you’re wondering, the frogs won.) Have you ever found yourself on the wrong side of the Nachbarrechtsgesetz in Germany? Let us know by emailing [email protected]

Rachel and Imogen @ The Local Germany 

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