State prosecutors ordered the release of Puigdemont from a German jail on Friday, as judges freed him on bail after rejecting Spain's extradition request on a rebellion charge.
A spokesperson for the state prosecutor said that Puigdemont had informed the authorities of where he would take up temporary residence in Germany, but that this information would not be shared at the current time.
“We must stand by our position, and look to the future with hope and optimism,” read a statement on Puigdemont's official Twitter account on Friday. “We have the right to stop people from stealing our future.”
In a heavy blow for Madrid, judges at the upper state court in Schleswig-Holstein found extradition on a charge of rebellion would be “illegal”.
Puigdemont was not involved in violence during a referendum on Catalan independence last October, they said in a statement.
That was grounds to reject prosecutors' argument that the Spanish “rebellion” charge was similar enough to Germany's “high treason” statute to justify extradition.
The Catalan separatist figurehead could still be extradited on a charge of misusing public funds, the judges added, although details must be “clarified” by their Spanish counterparts in the coming days and weeks.
Meanwhile, Puigdemont must stump up €75,000 bail, keep authorities informed of his whereabouts, report to police weekly, respond to summons from prosecutors or the court, and remain in Germany.
Puigdemont's German defence team welcomed the decision to set aside the “outrageous” rebellion charge in a statement, adding they “respected” judges call for more information from Spain.
“[Puigdemont] always said he had full confidence in the German judiciary,” his Barcelona-based lawyer Jaime Alonso-Cuevillas tweeted.
A Spanish government source told AFP Madrid “always respects” judicial decisions “whether they please it or not”, adding it expects “appropriate measures” from Spain's judiciary in response.
If extradited only for misusing public funds, Puigdemont cannot be prosecuted in Spain on the more serious charge of rebellion under European law.
The lesser charge relates to the cost of the Catalan independence referendum, estimated at 1.6 million euros by Madrid.
News of Puigdemont's bail “will reduce tension and pressure in Catalonia” where protestors have blocked streets and clashed with police in recent days, political scientist Oriol Bartomeus of the Autonomous University of Barcelona told AFP.
But the relief would only be “momentary”, he added, noting that “nothing has been resolved”.
Puigdemont's lawyers have appealed in Spain against the “rebellion” charge, highlighting that he was not involved in violence.
Public opinion in Spain is divided on whether the referendum constituted a “violent uprising” as laid out in law.
Catalans mostly reject the rebellion charge, according to opinion polls, with a major demonstration calling for imprisoned separatist leaders to be freed planned for April 15 in Barcelona.
Flight across Europe
After being removed from office by the central government in Madrid following a unilateral declaration of independence on October 27, Puigdemont fled to Belgium.
He was arrested in northern Germany in late March on the way back from a trip to Finland.
Puigdemont and six political allies escaped Spanish authorities in an attempt to “internationalise” their plight by dragging other European Union countries into the row.
A Belgian judge on Thursday bailed three of the four former Catalan ministers who fled to Belgium with him after they handed themselves in to police there.
Spain wants the trio – Meritxell Serret, Antoni Comin, Lluis Puig – to face charges of rebellion, misuse of public funds and disobeying the state.
Nine other pro-independence figures are currently in custody in Spain, including six members of Puigdemont's Catalan government and the former president of the Catalan parliament.