Why are New Year’s resolutions so hard to keep?

Anybody who has ever made a New Year's resolution before knows that they’re as easy to make as they are to let fall by the wayside. Psychologists in Germany have some insight as to why.

Why are New Year's resolutions so hard to keep?
Doing more exercise is a common New Year's resolution. Photo: DPA.

Pledges to start hitting the gym, eating healthier, cutting down on cigarettes and making more time for family and friends are common toward the end of the year. But for many people, these resolutions never actually materialize.

“Our brain is trained to develop habits,” says psychoanalyst Hans-Werner Rückert based in Berlin.

New Year's resolutions more often than not require one to change up one’s daily routine. But if you really want to do this, Rückert says, you have to make a conscious effort.

Is it the same for everyone?

Not being able to keep a New Year's resolution is very human; people struggling with not being able to keep similar promises to themselves goes back in history. Aristotle even collected similar reports over 2,000 years ago.

“Studies show that only 30 percent of resolutions have a realistic chance of succeeding,” says health psychologist Sonia Lippke from Jacobs University in Bremen.

According to Lippke, the first batch of people who make resolutions start to give up only three weeks after New Years Eve. Six months after the new year has rung in, about half of the initial batch will have given up altogether.

But why is it so hard?

Many people don't concern themselves with the effect the resolutions can have on their lifestyle and thus do not prepare for the likely challenges, says Rückert.

“At the end of the year, a summary is drawn and one feels obligated to make a resolution,” psychologist Frank Wieber from the University of Konstanz adds.

“If you don’t really stand behind your resolution, you’ll fail,” says Wieber.

Why, then, do we keep making New Year's resolutions?

People generally like setting deadlines for themselves around new beginnings such as the turn of the year, birthdays or the beginning of the week, adds the psychologist.

“Google searches to quit smoking will go up on Monday (January 1st).”

Is there a strategy for keeping a resolution?

Firstly, Wieber says, we should set ourselves goals to be reached within a specific period of time. Secondly, we should imagine the best possible results these goals will bring. Thirdly, we should consider all the things which might deter us from attaining these results. By using this method, we would be preparing ourselves for obstacles that might come up.

In a recent study with people who wanted to eat less meat, Wieber and his colleagues found that participants who used this method found it easier to put their goal into practice than the participants who hadn’t used it.

Are there any other tips for success?

The best way to achieve your goals is to write them down on a piece of paper, says the psychoanalyst Rückert.

“It is neurologically proven that the brain activates more areas when you write by hand than when you type (e.g. on a mobile phone). This creates a more complex construct.”

Flexibility moreover increases the chances of success when it comes to New Year's resolutions, says psychologist Lippke, who has been researching behavioural changes in humans for 20 years.

If snow for instance is covering the streets outside and you want to go jogging, as an alternative you can visit the local swimming pool or use an exercise bike indoors.

If you aren’t flexible, that inner voice inside your head telling you not to exercise “will put a spoke in your wheel,” says Lippke.


Can you guess what happened to Angela Merkel?

Angela Merkel went back to her roots during a trip to a city in western Germany. But can you guess what she did there?

Can you guess what happened to Angela Merkel?
Once a scientist, always a scientist: Merkel during her Wuppertal visit. Photo: DPA
The Chancellor was visiting an educational facility for young people called 'Junior University' in Wuppertal, North-Rhine Westphalia (NRW) on Monday.
And she couldn't resist taking part in a whole host of experiments with the young people who take courses there.
Merkel, who has a PhD in physics and worked as a scientist in a research facility before she went into the world of politics, left her inhibitions at the door as she chatted to the young people.
The Chancellor doing a pendulum experiment alongside student Antonia Westphal. Photo: DPA
During her one-hour visit, the Chancellor tested the so-called 'Bernoulli effect' and with a table tennis ball and a hairdryer.

Merkel and the NRW premier Armin Laschet, who accompanied her, succeeded in doing so quite well — apparently to the surprise of the Chancellor herself. 
Merkel (left) and NRW Prime Minister Armin Laschet (right) conduct an experiment, while university founder Ernst-Andreas Ziegle looks on. Photo: DPA
In addition, pre-school age children from a maths course teamed up with Merkel to form geometric figures from a rope. Some girls at the facility also demonstrated a programmed toy robot car.

In the laboratory the Chancellor was greeted with a steaming dry ice cocktail. “Can you drink that?” she asked first before downing the strange concoction.
Merkel drinks from the test tube. Photo: DPA
Merkel said she was pleased that many girls were taking part in the experiments. They should “not forget how great natural sciences are,” said the trained physicist.
Merkel's antics, which proved she was still close to her science roots, were applauded by onlookers and on social media. 
The young students at the 'uni' are between four and 20-years-old. The courses on offer include natural sciences and art.
The teaching and research facility, which is financed by donors, aims to encourage young people to study from an early age and think about their future careers.