The World University Rankings published by Times Higher Education (THE) showed that 20 German universities are currently among the 200 most prestigious in the world. Here’s a list of the top institutions in the country.
1. Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)
LMU led the way in the THE ranking as Germany's highest placed institution, rated the 34th most reputable university in the world.
Located in the Bavarian capital, LMU dates back to 1472 and offers both German- and some English-language degree programmes. Its international student population boasts about 7,000 people from 125 countries, the largest number at any German university.
The institution has a total student body of more than 51,000. According to THE, it places an emphasis on the natural sciences such as biology and physics. But other top subjects are medicine and space science.
LMU also has a number of notable former professors and alumni, including Werner Heisenberg, playwright Bertolt Brecht and Pope Benedict XVI.
2. Technical University of Munich (TUM)
One of Europe’s leading universities, TUM prides itself on its entrepreneurial spirit and is most notable for its agricultural sciences and computer science programmes.
The institution, which placed 41st worldwide, offers both English and bilingual programmes and thus about 24% of its 40,000 students come from outside Germany.
TUM’s alumni not only include 18 Leibniz Prize winners and 13 Nobel laureates, they also live in 139 countries including China, the US, Brazil and Egypt.
3. Heidelberg University
Founded in 1386, Heidelberg University is the oldest of Germany's academic institutions and also one of the oldest surviving universities in the world. It has a sizable international student body, making up about 20 percent of its more than 30,000 pupils.
A few master’s degree programmes are taught in English at the institution, including courses in economics, international health and American studies.
Five German chancellors have attended Heidelberg - including Helmut Kohl, who oversaw German reunification - as well as influential thinkers like Hannah Arendt.
THE report that academics at Heidelberg have founded subdisciplines such as psychiatric genetics, environmental physics and modern sociology.
The Baden-Württemberg institute ranked 45th worldwide and its noted subjects are space science, neuroscience and physics.
4. Humboldt University of Berlin
The alma mater of influential thinkers like Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels placed 62nd worldwide, jumping up from 57th place in last year’s THE ranking.
It was one of eleven German universities deemed a “University of Excellence” in 2012.
Though the institution is held in high regard for its arts and humanities fields, it’s also known for its neuroscience and immunology programmes.
About one in every six students at Humboldt University comes from outside of Germany and the institution has a total of just over 32,000 students.
5. RWTH Aachen University
Established in 1870, RWTH University is located in the student town of Aachen in North Rhine-Westphalia.
Ranking at 79th place, the institution is attended by around 44,500 students, of whom about 8,500 are international.
In 2010, the university adopted a internationalization plan which aimed to promote the institution internationality in terms of its academics and teaching and research methods.
6. University of Freiburg
Dating back to 1457, the University of Freiburg was founded by the Austrian Habsburg dynasty, and thus has a long tradition of academia.
Its star-studded list of former faculty and students include sociologist Max Weber, filmmaker Wim Wenders and Germany's first post-war Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer.
The fifth-oldest university in Germany, Freiburg has a long-standing tradition in teaching social sciences and the humanities. Though according to THE, it is still most famous for its natural sciences and engineering courses.
Considered an elite university in the country, Freiburg was rated 82nd worldwide, standing out as one of Europe’s top research institutions.
7. Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität)
The youngest university among Germany's top ten, Freie Universität (FU) was established in 1948 at the beginning of the Cold War in West Berlin, due to the fact that Humboldt was located over in the Soviet-occupied East.
It ranked 88th worldwide in THE's 2018 list.
FU's four Nobel Prize-winning former professors came from diverse fields: literature, chemistry, economics and physics.
In 2007, seeking to take global cooperation to the next level, FU opened up seven international liaison offices in Beijing, Brussels, Cairo, Moscow, New Delhi, New York, and São Paulo.
According to the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, FU is the most popular destination in Germany for foreign scholars and leading researchers. About 20 percent of the school’s students are from abroad.
8. Technical University of Berlin
Placing 92nd in the global THE ranking, the Technical University (TU) was founded in 1879.
It has a particular reputation for mechanical engineering and engineering management, as well as mathematics and chemistry.
TU Berlin also has a wealth of programmes on offer that according to THE specialize in the technical industry, such as process sciences, electrical engineering and transport systems.
Of its student population of just over 33,000, about 7,200 are foreign nationals.
9. University of Tübingen
University of Tübingen. Photo: DPA.
Located in the southwestern state of Baden-Württemberg in one of Germany's most iconic university towns, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen is particularly known for its disciplines of theology and religion.
But one of its most notable alumni is astronomer Johannes Kepler. Neuropathologist Alois Alzheimer - for whom the chronic neurodegenerative disease is named - also studied there, as did philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.
The university has partnerships with educational institutions in 62 countries across the globe, particularly in North America, Asia and Latin America.
It was rated 94th worldwide.
10. University of Bonn
This Rhineland university in the former West German capital and birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven ranked 100th globally, up from 113th last year. Philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Nietzsche both took courses here.
Of a total study body of around 35,600 students, 4,000 are not German nationals.
Founded almost 200 years ago during the Age of Enlightenment, University of Bonn's subject strengths according to THE are mathematics, physics, astronomy, economics, biosciences, and philosophy.