Daimler shares fall as firm opens US emissions probe

Shares in German carmaker Daimler, owner of Mercedes-Benz, fell sharply on Friday after the group announced a steep drop in profits in the first quarter and a probe into the emissions values of its cars.

Daimler shares fall as firm opens US emissions probe
Photo: DPA

Daimler shares were down 5.5 percent at €52.98 shortly after trading opened, after Daimler said late Thursday that it was launching an internal investigation “into its certification process related to exhaust emissions in the United States upon the request of the US Department of Justice (DOJ).”

Investors were also disappointed by a sharp drop in profits in the first quarter, even if Daimler insisted it was sticking to its full-year earnings target for 2016.

The US Justice Department asked Daimler on April 15th “to review its certification and admissions process related to exhaust emissions in the United States by way of an internal investigation,” the company statement read.

The company said that a recent collective lawsuit against the company for allegedly using a “defeat device” to cheat the emissions regulations in the US has no basis in truth, Spiegel reports.

In April owners of BlueTEC Mercedes diesel engined cars filed the suit, claiming that the cars eject nitric oxide at levels 65 times the legal limit at temperatures under 10 degrees Celsius.

The German ministry of transport recently conducted testing on cars from several major automakers, including Daimler and Volkswagen, and found that many of them did not comply with regulations on nitric oxide emissions below certain temperatures.

The results, which were seen by the Süddeutsche Zeitung, have not yet been made public.

'Cooperating fully'

In announcing the internal probe late Thursday, Daimler said it was “cooperating fully with the authorities.”

“Daimler will consequently investigate possible indications of irregularities and of course take all necessary actions.”

The announcement comes amid a global emissions-cheating scandal surrounding rival German car giant Volkswagen, which admitted to installing so-called “defeat devices” into 11 million diesel engines worldwide.

This sophisticated software deliberately skews emissions readings when vehicles are undergoing tests.

Volkswagen said on Thursday it had reached an agreement with regulators to offer “substantial compensation” to US owners of some 480,000 illegally polluting diesel cars.

'On a successful path'

Daimler said in a statement that its first-quarter profits slumped due to falling sales of two of its main model ranges.

But the carmaker was nevertheless confident for the whole year.

“Daimler is on a successful path. Our growth in unit sales clearly shows that we are following the right strategy and have the right products in the market,” said chief executive Dieter Zetsche.

“The model offensive is continuing at the same speed. We will continually improve as the year progresses and will make 2016 into another successful year for Daimler,” he went on.

In the three months to March, bottom-line net profit fell by 31 percent to €1.35 billion in the period from January, “impacted primarily by a life cycle-related decrease in unit sales of the S- and E-Class at the Mercedes-Benz Cars division.”

Underlying or operating profit was down 26 percent at €2.1 billion, while sales edged up two percent to 35.0 billion euros in the three-month period, Daimler said.

Unit sales, on the other hand, rose by seven percent to 683,885 vehicles.

Looking ahead, Daimler said it expected group sales to “increase slightly in the year 2016.”

In regional terms, the strongest growth was anticipated for Asia and Western Europe, “but business volumes should grow also in the other regions,” it said.

In terms of earnings, “on the basis of the anticipated market development and the planning of the divisions, Daimler assumes that [underlying earnings] will increase slightly in 2016.”

Daimler said its new E-Class model, to be launched this month, but also the C-Class convertible being launched later in the year, would contribute to growth.

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‘Infringement on air quality’: EU court slams Germany for pollution in cities

The EU's top court ruled on Thursday that Germany continually violated upper limits for nitrogen dioxide, a polluting gas from diesel motors that causes major health problems, over several years.

'Infringement on air quality': EU court slams Germany for pollution in cities
Cars sit in traffic in Stuttgart's Hauptstätter Straße in July 2020. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Sebastian Gollnow

Germany infringed air quality rules “by systematically and persistently exceeding” the annual nitrogen dioxide limit in 26 out of 89 areas from 2010 to 2016, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) said in its ruling.

The European Commission, the EU’s executive arm, referred the matter to the ECJ in 2018 after almost a decade of warnings that went unaddressed.

The decision against Europe’s top economy echoes a ruling targeting France in October 2019 after the commission stepped up its anti-pollution fight in the wake of the so-called “Dieselgate” scandal that erupted in 2015 with revelations about Germany’s Volkswagen.

The motors caught up in the scandal — in which automakers installed
special emission-cheating devices into their car engines — are the main emitters of nitrogen oxides that the European Environment Agency says are responsible for 68,000 premature deaths per year in the EU.

READ ALSO: Five things to know about Germany’s dieselgate scandal

Nitrogen dioxide is toxic and can cause significant respiratory problems as one of the main constituents of traffic-jam smog.

Under EU rules, member countries are required to keep the gas to under 40 micrograms per cubic metre — but that level is often exceeded in many traffic-clogged European cities.

The judgement opens the way to possible sanctions at a later stage. However the air quality throughout much of Germany has improved in the last five years, particularly during the shutdowns in the pandemic.

The environment ministry said that 90 cities exceeded national pollution limits in 2016 — the final year covered by the court ruling. By 2019, the number had fallen to 25 and last year, during the coronavirus outbreak, it was just six.

The case involved 26 areas in Germany, including Berlin, Hamburg, Munich and Stuttgart as well as urban and rural areas in North Rhine-Westphalia, Mainz, Worms/Frankenthal/Ludwigshafen and Koblenz/Neuwied.

“Furthermore, Germany infringed the directive by systematically and
persistently exceeding, during that period, the hourly limit value for NO2 in two of those zones” — the Stuttgart area and the Rhine-Main region.