The real-life crime played out across 3 days of TV
Jörg Luyken · 29 Oct 2015, 12:15
Published: 29 Oct 2015 12:15 GMT+01:00
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In the centre of a small town near the Dutch border last week, a man in his late fifties sat down for a coffee before browsing though CDs in a music shop, the Kölner Stadt Anzeiger reports.
Under his clothes his hands and feet were chained, but nevertheless the discreet outing barely raised an eyebrow.
The contrast with his last public appearance could hardly be starker.
Twenty seven years and two months ago Hans-Jürgen Rösner was received by crowds of journalists from Cologne to Bremen like a rock star - despite the fact that he had a gun in his hand and he was holding dozens of people hostage.
Rösner was perhaps the wildest and most reckless criminal of his generation. With arms covered in tattoos, a shaggy beard and greased hair, he looked like someone who would stop at nothing - and he was.
In an age when round-the-clock media coverage was in its infancy, he became instant TV gold.
Journalists ask Hans-Jürgen Rösner what he wants from police.
Bungled bank robbery
On the morning of August 16th 1988 Rösner and accomplice Dieter Degowski entered a Deutsche Bank branch in Gladbeck, a town near Holland, through an emergency ladder at the back of the building.
Rösner was already on the run. Two years earlier he had escaped from prison after 11 years behind bars. In the intervening period he had been involved in dozens of robberies.
But this time they made a mistake. A doctor had seen their entrance and alerted the police. As they left the bank with 120,000 Deutsch Marks (€100,000 in today's money) in loot a police car was waiting for them.
The pair turned on their heels, rushed back inside and took two clerks hostage.
It was at this point that the media first got involved.
A local radio station received a telephone call. It was one of the hostages relaying the criminals' demands. In a fashion which was to repeat itself over the next few days, the pair had gone all in. Not only were they demanding a route out, they wanted more money - 300,000 DM to be precise.
Other news outlets sensed a story and began to call the bank up in a hunt for exclusives. Rösner's growling voice, which he willingly gave to TV and radio journalists, was just the ingredient to send a shiver of engrossed terror down the German public's spine.
After several hours the police buckled and brought the demanded car and money to the bank.
With their hostages in tow the bank robbers drove off.
But instead of trying to leave town immediately, they went shopping for liquor, food and sleeping pills. Strangely, despite the fact that they had their weapons drawn, the men paid on each occasion. A last stop saw them pick up Rösner's girlfriend Marion Löblich. Then they headed north.
Hans-Jürgen Rösner being interviewed in Bremen. Photo: DPA
On the next day they were in Bremen, 240 kilometres to the north.
"The spectacular hostage drama from Gladbeck is far from over, especially not for us. Quite the opposite - the gangsters arrived in Bremen today" announced a newsreader on local radio in a tone one commentator compared to reporting the arrival of the Beatles.
Despite switching cars several times and changing their outfits the fugitives had failed to shake off police. So again they upped the stakes - this time taking a bus full of commuters hostage.
An emboldened press approached the bus and Rösner and Degowski gave interviews to TV cameras - even allowed their hostages to answer questions, while they pointed guns at their heads.
They then took the bus out of Bremen with 27 hostages including several children on board.
Up until this point police had remained at a distance, scared to do anything that would put people's lives at risk.
But as the bus stopped at a roadside restaurant their first intervention ended in a death. Apparently acting without the knowledge of their superiors, two officers managed to seize Löblich as she went to the toilet.
Rösen and Degowski threatening to start killing hostages if she wasn't handed back.
But in the confusion officers had driven off with her, and before she could be returned Degowski shot a 15-year-old Italian tourist Emanuele De Giorgi in the head, killing him as he tried to protect his nine-year-old sister.
When the trio were reunited they set off again, this time for Holland.
During the chase a policeman died and another was seriously injured when their car collided with a truck.
Dieter Degowski with hostage Silke Bischoff. Photo: DPA
In Holland, Dutch police negotiated the release of the remaining children in captivity. There was a brief shootout in which Löblich was injured.
Eventually police provided the criminals with a BMW and along with two hostages, one of them 18-year-old Silke Bischoff, they headed back to Germany.
Next stop Cologne. Rösner wanted to see the town's famous cathedral.
A pack of journalists were waiting for them. They surrounded the car and started conducting live interviews. Some show the criminals photos of police officers who might be smuggled in in a possible hostage exchange.
Udo Röbel, the future editor-in-chief of Bild, Germany's most popular newspaper, agreed to accompany them in their car to show them the way out of the city. Others drove behind, competing for the best pictures.
At about midday on the third day of the chase the fugitives were driving south in the direction of Frankfurt.
As the BMW approached the state border, the police finally struck.
An armoured car smashed into the fugitives' vehicle, knocking it off the road. Special commandos started shooting. A total of 62 bullets were later found to have been fired from the police's side.
Tragically, the only death is that of the young hostage Bischoff - apparently killed by a bullet from Rösner's gun.
At the end of their trial, three years later, both Rösner and Degowski were handed life sentences. Rösner's will only come up for review next year, although he can now leave the jail for short periods under police surveillance.
Tougher questions also lay at the feet of the journalists who reported the story.
Speaking years later Röbel, the journalist who showed them the way out of Cologne, said "journalistically, we totally messed up."