Leaders warn Russia to honour Ukraine pact

US President Barack Obama, Chancellor Angela Merkel and other European leaders confirmed on Tuesday that sanctions against Russia would not be lifted until ceasefire conditions in Ukraine were met.

Leaders warn Russia to honour Ukraine pact
Ukrainian government troops ride armoured personnel carriers through the conflict zone on Tuesday. Photo: DPA

The Chancellor's office said in a statement that the two leaders, along with British Prime Minister David Cameron, French President Francois Hollande, Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi and European Council president Donald Tusk, warned that escalation of the situation in Ukraine could lead to further sanctions against President Vladimir Putin's government.

A key point also raised by Merkel in a telephone conversation with Putin on Monday, was that the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) should be allowed to supervise the ceasefire unhindered.

And the leaders agreed that Ukraine should continue to receive financial support and economic advice aimed at reforming the country's economy and allowing it to remain independent.

One such advisor will be former German Social-Democratic Party (SPD) leader and candidate for Chancellor Peer Steinbrück, who confirmed on Tuesday that he would help modernize the country's banking system.

Russia's fingers in the pie

Speaking to reporters in Berlin on Tuesday evening, General Ben Hodges, commander of US Army forces in Europe, said that Russia is supporting Ukrainian separatists with around 12,000 of its own troops.

The soldiers include military advisers, technical specialists for heavy weapons, and front-line troops, he said.

Rebels had also got hold of far more artillery and rockets than they could possibly have captured from government forces.

General Hodges added that Russia had positioned around 29,000 soldiers on the occupied Crimean peninsula, while a further 50,000 were in Russian territory close to the Ukrainian border.

And two OSCE drones that were being used to observe the combat zone were brought down by electronic interference.

“That doesn't happen with equipment you just cobble together in a basement,” Hodges said.

Ceasefire breach

The Ukrainian army accused the pro-Russian rebels of breaching the ceasefire after three soldiers died in the conflict zone.

Nine other soldiers were wounded, said Kiev security council member Andrey Lyssenko.

Defence Minister Stepan Poltorak said that the government might return its heavy artillery to the front lines if the rebels did not hold up their side of the ceasefire agreement.

Meanwhile, the rebels said that their “self-defence” forces had been reacting to “provocations” by government troops.

SEE ALSO: Leaders hail Ukraine ceasefire progress

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Macron, Scholz and Draghi meet Ukrainian president in Kyiv

French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi have met the Ukrainian president in Kyiv, after the trio travelled overnight by train from Poland.

Macron, Scholz and Draghi meet Ukrainian president in Kyiv

The three leaders left in the early hours of Thursday, arriving into Kyiv on Thursday morning. After a visit to the heavily-bombed town of Irpin, they met Ukraine’s leader Volodymyr Zelensky.

It is the first time that the leaders of the three European Union countries have visited Kyiv since Russia’s February 24th invasion of Ukraine, and the visit comes as Kyiv is pushing for membership of the EU.

Macron has been paying a two-day visit to Romania and Moldova to discuss the ongoing crisis caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

There had been widespread speculation in France that he would combine the trip with a visit to Zelensky in Ukraine, but this was not confirmed until Thursday morning.

In a joint press conference with Romanian president Klaus Iohannis, Macron reiterated his desire that Ukraine should win the war, but added that eventually negotiations between Ukraine and Russia will be necessary.