Germany calls on Greece to show ‘fairness’

Vice-Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel urged Greece to be "fair" to other EU member states, after the Bundesbank warned that ending the country's bailout programme would have "fatal consequences".

 Athens "should show some fairness to the people in Germany and the eurozone who have demonstrated solidarity" towards Greece, Gabriel told reporters after Greece's radical new Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras warned that it would no longer blindly submit to the EU and demanded a "fair" deal with its creditors.

"Our aim must be to keep Greece in the eurozone," Gabriel said.

"But there must be fairness towards our own population," he continued.

"Greece cannot simply pick and choose what it does and does not want to do and expect its neighbours to step into the breach," Gabriel insisted.

It was not right that a country should not push through reforms and expect those who do not work and live in that country to pick up the tab, the minister said.

Meanwhile, Bundesbank Executive Board Member Joachim Nagel told economic newspaper Handelsblatt that "if the continuation of the programme of aid for Greece is called into question… Greek banks would lose access to central bank funds."

"It would have fatal consequences for the Greek financial system," Nagel, said.

  Greece's partners in the eurozone have loaned it a total of nearly 200 billion euros ($227 billion) at various stages, via the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF) and bilateral loans.

Germany, as Europe's biggest economy and effective paymaster, has lent it the most.

In his first speech to the new Greek cabinet, Tsipras said he wanted a "viable, mutually beneficial solution" to "humanitarian disaster" he claimed his country has suffered as a result of the austerity imposed by it creditors.

The 40-year-old premier insisted Greece's new leaders were no longer willing to bow to the "politics of submission", in a clear swipe at Brussels and the International Monetary Fund.

"Our people are suffering and demand respect…. We must bleed to defend their dignity," Tsipras said.

The new government's radical anti-austerity agenda has alarmed financial markets, reviving fears that Greece could crash out of the eurozone.

The EU has set the end of February as the deadline for Greece to carry out more reforms in return for a €7-billion tranche of financial aid from the 28-member bloc and the International Monetary Fund.

Tsipras has dismissed the deadline as meaningless.

SEE ALSO: Merkel wishes Tsipras 'strength and success'

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‘I’d do it again’: Refugees reflect on their journey to Germany five years on

German Gracia Schuette and Syrian Aeham Ahmad both had their lives changed forever by Angela Merkel's decision in 2015 to leave Germany's doors open to hundreds of thousands of refugees.

'I'd do it again': Refugees reflect on their journey to Germany five years on
Syrian pianist Aeham Ahmad while still living in a hostel in 2016. Photo: Daniel Roland/AFP
In August of that year, Schuette joined thousands of volunteers serving ladles of hot soup to exhausted migrant families arriving at Munich's main train station.
Having been held in Hungary after travelling the length of Europe, trains overflowing with refugees from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan had begun arriving at the station in a seemingly endless convoy.
Ahmad was a passenger on one of them. The Syrian pianist with Palestinian roots arrived in Munich on September 23.
A month earlier, he had left Yarmouk, a sprawling neighbourhood in the south of Damascus, after swathes of the area were occupied by the Islamic State (IS) jihadist group.
He left behind his wife and two boys, still too young to embark on such a perilous journey.
Now 32, Ahmad has built a career for himself that involves travelling all over Europe and as far afield as Japan to give concerts.
At the station in Munich, where the volunteers once served hot soup, a Covid-19 test centre now stands.
Gracia Schuette stands at the main train station in Munich, the arrival place of many refugees in 2015. Photo: Christof Stache/AFP
Schuette, 36, says the experience changed her attitude to life and taught her “gratitude and the awareness that despite everything that happens in Germany, it is still a very safe country”.
Ahmad speaks to AFP from a train heading to the north of Germany, where he is due to give a concert.
He remembers his first days in Germany as a time of great confusion. Like tens of thousands of other Syrians arriving in the country, he had only one word on his lips: “Alemania!” — Germany.
“After I arrived in Munich, I was sent to several emergency reception centres and then to Wiesbaden” near Frankfurt, where he and his uncle were given a room in a hostel, he says in a mixture of English and German.
He remembers the “extreme kindness” shown by volunteers like Schuette — “that community of people who said, 'We have to help'”.
For Schuette, it was important to feel that she was “not just a spectator” watching events unfold but willing to “act decisively” by helping to distribute basic necessities or set up camp beds.
Today, she works as an administrator for a kindergarten. But she has maintained her commitment to helping refugees — so much so that she has even taken three young people into her home, one of whom still lives with her.
Having been granted refugee status a year after his arrival in Germany, Ahmad was joined by his wife and children.
The family have since moved to Warburg, a town in northwestern Germany, and seven months ago welcomed a new baby girl.
While still in Syria, Ahmad had made a name for himself on social media with videos of songs performed amid the ruins of his ravaged home country.
'No accent'
In Germany, he began to sing songs about homesickness, with the aim of raising awareness in his new country and the rest of Europe of “this stupid war” that has devastated Syria for more than nine years.
Today, he aspires to “bring cultures together, to create a dialogue between Eastern and Western music”.
Having given more than 720 concerts, he has at times felt exhausted. But “anything is better than living off state subsidies” as he did during his first months in Germany, he believes.
If Schuette could go back and do it all again, she would.
“I don't think I would be someone who just says, 'It's going to work out and everything's going to be great.' You have to be realistic,” she said, pointing to the difficulties of integration. “But there's no doubt about it: I'd do it again.”
Ahmad, too, avoids painting a rose-tinted picture of his story. His generation, he says, will be scarred for life by the horrors of war and the  difficulties of adapting to life in exile.
But there is pride in his voice as he reveals that his two sons already speak German “without the slightest accent”.