Immigrant firms create 2.2 million German jobs
A new study shows more and more immigrants are starting businesses in Germany, bringing some much-needed entrepreneurial spirit to the country.
According to the study by researchers at the University of Mannheim, more than 750,000 immigrants in Germany are self-employed.
The number of self-employed immigrants has ballooned by 178 percent over the past 20 years, which is more than four times the growth among native Germans (38 percent).
And one in six entrepreneurs now has roots outside of Germany, mostly from Poland (97,000) and Turkey (91,000), the study found.
Entrepreneurial immigrants are also creating jobs - about 2.2 million, according to the study.
This chart shows the number of self-employed people by origin.
The businesses they start are not just doner stands and grocery stores as some may assume, the study said.
One in four immigrant-owned companies are classified as “knowledge-intensive services” that require skilled workers. These include engineers, architects, interpreters and media professionals.
About one-third of immigrant businesses fall under the categories of hospitality and commerce.
“The number of self-employed immigrants has risen remarkably,” the study said. “Against a backdrop of limited access to capital, this is an impressive development.”
Part of the reason why the study says immigrants start new businesses and become self-employed is because of limited job opportunities and the language barrier.
A study released in May by German think-tank Institute für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) showed that 40 percent of new firms are established by non-Germans.
At the same time that the number of foreigners starting businesses rose over the past decade, the number of German-established new businesses fell, according to the IfM study.
The IfM analysis also suggested that the surge in foreign businesses could be due to a relaxation of employment rules in Germany for citizens of eastern European countries that joined the EU in 2004.
By Emma Anderson